A urinary tract infection (UTI) (also known as acute cystitis or bladder infection) is an infection that affects part of the urinary tract.
urinary tract infection n : any infection of any of the organs of the urinary tract
Symptoms from a lower urinary tract include painful urination and either frequent urination or urge to urinate (or both), while those of pyelonephritis include fever and flank pain in addition to the symptoms of a lower UTI. In the elderly and the very young, symptoms may be vague or non specific. The main causal agent of both types is Escherichia coli, however other bacteria, viruses or fungi may rarely be the cause.
In uncomplicated cases, urinary tract infections are easily treated with a short course of antibiotics, although resistance to many of the antibiotics used to treat this condition is increasing. In complicated cases, longer course or intravenous antibiotics may be needed, and if symptoms have not improved in two or three days, further diagnostic testing is needed. In women, urinary tract infections are the most common form of bacterial infection with 10% developing urinary tract infections yearly.
Candidiasis or thrush is a fungal infection (mycosis) of any species from the genus Candida (one genus of yeasts).
A vaginal yeast infection is irritation of the vagina. The pain and irritation encompasses and the area around the vagina called the vulva (vul-vuh). Yeast infections are caused by overgrowth of the fungus Candida albicans. Small amounts of yeast are always in the vagina. But when too much yeast grows an infection can ensue.
The most common symptom of a yeast infection is extreme itchiness in and around the vagina. Other symptoms include: