Sweet-Potato and Yam

Sweet-Potato

The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the family Convolvulaceae.

sweet potato n 1: the fleshy root of the sweet potato vine 2: pantropical vine widely cultivated in several varieties for its large sweet tuberous root with orange flesh [syn: {sweet potato vine}, {Ipomoea batatas}] 3: edible tuberous root of the sweet potato vine grown widely in warm regions of the United States 4: egg-shaped terra-cotta wind instrument with a mouthpiece and finger holes [syn: {ocarina}]

49 Moby Thesaurus words for "sweet potato": English horn, Pandean pipe, aulos, basset horn, basset oboe, bassoon, bombard, clarinet, contrabassoon, contrafagotto, cromorne, double bassoon, double reed, fife, fipple flute, flageolet, flute, hautboy, heckelphone, hornpipe, licorice stick, musette, oaten reed, oboe, oboe da caccia, ocarina, panpipe, penny-whistle, piccolo, pipe, pommer, recorder, reed, reed instrument, sax, saxophone, shawm, single reed, single-reed instrument, sonorophone, syrinx, tabor pipe, tenoroon, tin-whistle, whistle, woods, woodwind, woodwind choir, woodwind instrument

Sweet \Sweet\, a. [Compar. {Sweeter}; superl. {Sweetest}.] [OE. swete, swote, sote, AS. sw[=e]te; akin to OFries. sw[=e]te, OS. sw[=o]ti, D. zoet, G. s["u]ss, OHG. suozi, Icel. s[ae]tr, s[oe]tr, Sw. s["o]t, Dan. s["o]d, Goth. suts, L. suavis, for suadvis, Gr. ?, Skr. sv[=a]du sweet, svad, sv[=a]d, to sweeten. [root]175. Cf. {Assuage}, {Suave}, {Suasion}.] 1. Having an agreeable taste or flavor such as that of sugar; saccharine; -- opposed to sour and bitter; as, a sweet beverage; sweet fruits; sweet oranges. [1913 Webster] 2. Pleasing to the smell; fragrant; redolent; balmy; as, a sweet rose; sweet odor; sweet incense. [1913 Webster] The breath of these flowers is sweet to me. --Longfellow. [1913 Webster] 3. Pleasing to the ear; soft; melodious; harmonious; as, the sweet notes of a flute or an organ; sweet music; a sweet voice; a sweet singer. [1913 Webster] To make his English sweet upon his tongue. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] A voice sweet, tremulous, but powerful. --Hawthorne. [1913 Webster] 4. Pleasing to the eye; beautiful; mild and attractive; fair; as, a sweet face; a sweet color or complexion. [1913 Webster] Sweet interchange Of hill and valley, rivers, woods, and plains. --Milton. [1913 Webster] 5. Fresh; not salt or brackish; as, sweet water. --Bacon. [1913 Webster] 6. Not changed from a sound or wholesome state. Specifically: (a) Not sour; as, sweet milk or bread. (b) Not state; not putrescent or putrid; not rancid; as, sweet butter; sweet meat or fish. [1913 Webster] 7. Plaesing to the mind; mild; gentle; calm; amiable; winning; presuasive; as, sweet manners. [1913 Webster] Canst thou bind the sweet influence of Pleiades? --Job xxxviii. 31. [1913 Webster] Mildness and sweet reasonableness is the one established rule of Christian working. --M. Arnold. [1913 Webster] Note: Sweet is often used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, sweet-blossomed, sweet-featured, sweet-smelling, sweet-tempered, sweet-toned, etc. [1913 Webster] {Sweet alyssum}. (Bot.) See {Alyssum}. {Sweet apple}. (Bot.) (a) Any apple of sweet flavor. (b) See {Sweet-top}. {Sweet bay}. (Bot.) (a) The laurel ({laurus nobilis}). (b) Swamp sassafras. {Sweet calabash} (Bot.), a plant of the genus {Passiflora} ({P. maliformis}) growing in the West Indies, and producing a roundish, edible fruit, the size of an apple. {Sweet cicely}. (Bot.) (a) Either of the North American plants of the umbelliferous genus {Osmorrhiza} having aromatic roots and seeds, and white flowers. --Gray. (b) A plant of the genus {Myrrhis} ({M. odorata}) growing in England. {Sweet calamus}, or {Sweet cane}. (Bot.) Same as {Sweet flag}, below. {Sweet Cistus} (Bot.), an evergreen shrub ({Cistus Ladanum}) from which the gum ladanum is obtained. {Sweet clover}. (Bot.) See {Melilot}. {Sweet coltsfoot} (Bot.), a kind of butterbur ({Petasites sagittata}) found in Western North America. {Sweet corn} (Bot.), a variety of the maize of a sweet taste. See the Note under {Corn}. {Sweet fern} (Bot.), a small North American shrub ({Comptonia asplenifolia} syn. {Myrica asplenifolia}) having sweet-scented or aromatic leaves resembling fern leaves. {Sweet flag} (Bot.), an endogenous plant ({Acorus Calamus}) having long flaglike leaves and a rootstock of a pungent aromatic taste. It is found in wet places in Europe and America. See {Calamus}, 2. {Sweet gale} (Bot.), a shrub ({Myrica Gale}) having bitter fragrant leaves; -- also called {sweet willow}, and {Dutch myrtle}. See 5th {Gale}. {Sweet grass} (Bot.), holy, or Seneca, grass. {Sweet gum} (Bot.), an American tree ({Liquidambar styraciflua}). See {Liquidambar}. {Sweet herbs}, fragrant herbs cultivated for culinary purposes. {Sweet John} (Bot.), a variety of the sweet William. {Sweet leaf} (Bot.), horse sugar. See under {Horse}. {Sweet marjoram}. (Bot.) See {Marjoram}. {Sweet marten} (Zo["o]l.), the pine marten. {Sweet maudlin} (Bot.), a composite plant ({Achillea Ageratum}) allied to milfoil. {Sweet oil}, olive oil. {Sweet pea}. (Bot.) See under {Pea}. {Sweet potato}. (Bot.) See under {Potato}. {Sweet rush} (Bot.), sweet flag. {Sweet spirits of niter} (Med. Chem.) See {Spirit of nitrous ether}, under {Spirit}. {Sweet sultan} (Bot.), an annual composite plant ({Centaurea moschata}), also, the yellow-flowered ({C. odorata}); -- called also {sultan flower}. {Sweet tooth}, an especial fondness for sweet things or for sweetmeats. [Colloq.] {Sweet William}. (a) (Bot.) A species of pink ({Dianthus barbatus}) of many varieties. (b) (Zo["o]l.) The willow warbler. (c) (Zo["o]l.) The European goldfinch; -- called also {sweet Billy}. [Prov. Eng.] {Sweet willow} (Bot.), sweet gale. {Sweet wine}. See {Dry wine}, under {Dry}. {To be sweet on}, to have a particular fondness for, or special interest in, as a young man for a young woman. [Colloq.] --Thackeray. [1913 Webster] Syn: Sugary; saccharine; dulcet; luscious. [1913 Webster]

Potato \Po*ta"to\, n.; pl. {Potatoes}. [Sp. patata potato, batata sweet potato, from the native American name (probably batata) in Hayti.] (Bot.) (a) A plant ({Solanum tuberosum}) of the Nightshade family, and its esculent farinaceous tuber, of which there are numerous varieties used for food. It is native of South America, but a form of the species is found native as far north as New Mexico. (b) The sweet potato (see below). [1913 Webster] {Potato beetle}, {Potato bug}. (Zo["o]l.) (a) A beetle ({Doryphora decemlineata}) which feeds, both in the larval and adult stages, upon the leaves of the potato, often doing great damage. Called also {Colorado potato beetle}, and {Doryphora}. See {Colorado beetle}. (b) The {Lema trilineata}, a smaller and more slender striped beetle which feeds upon the potato plant, bur does less injury than the preceding species. {Potato fly} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of blister beetles infesting the potato vine. The black species ({Lytta atrata}), the striped ({Lytta vittata}), and the gray ({Lytta Fabricii} syn. {Lytta cinerea}) are the most common. See {Blister beetle}, under {Blister}. {Potato rot}, a disease of the tubers of the potato, supposed to be caused by a kind of mold ({Peronospora infestans}), which is first seen upon the leaves and stems. {Potato weevil} (Zo["o]l.), an American weevil ({Baridius trinotatus}) whose larva lives in and kills the stalks of potato vines, often causing serious damage to the crop. {Potato whisky}, a strong, fiery liquor, having a hot, smoky taste, and rich in amyl alcohol (fusel oil); it is made from potatoes or potato starch. {Potato worm} (Zo["o]l.), the large green larva of a sphinx, or hawk moth ({Macrosila quinquemaculata}); -- called also {tomato worm}. See Illust. under {Tomato}. {Seaside potato} (Bot.), {Ipom[oe]a Pes-Capr[ae]}, a kind of morning-glory with rounded and emarginate or bilobed leaves. [West Indies] {Sweet potato} (Bot.), a climbing plant ({Ipom[oe]a Balatas}) allied to the morning-glory. Its farinaceous tubers have a sweetish taste, and are used, when cooked, for food. It is probably a native of Brazil, but is cultivated extensively in the warmer parts of every continent, and even as far north as New Jersey. The name potato was applied to this plant before it was to the {Solanum tuberosum}, and this is the ``potato'' of the Southern United States. {Wild potato}. (Bot.) (a) A vine ({Ipom[oe]a pandurata}) having a pale purplish flower and an enormous root. It is common in sandy places in the United States. (b) A similar tropical American plant ({Ipom[oe]a fastigiata}) which it is thought may have been the original stock of the sweet potato. [1913 Webster]

Yam

() is a Japanese multinational corporation and conglomerate based in Japan with a wide range of products and services, predominantly musical instruments, electronics, motorcycles and power sports equipment.

yam n 1: edible tuber of any of several yams 2: any of a number of tropical vines of the genus Dioscorea many having edible tuberous roots [syn: {yam plant}] 3: sweet potato with deep orange flesh that remains moist when baked 4: edible tuberous root of various yam plants of the genus Dioscorea grown in the tropics world-wide for food

Yam \Yam\ (y[a^]m), n. [Pg. inhame, probably from some native name.] 1. (Bot.) A large, esculent, farinaceous tuber of various climbing plants of the genus {Dioscorea}; also, the plants themselves. Mostly natives of warm climates. The plants have netted-veined, petioled leaves, and pods with three broad wings. The commonest species is {Dioscorea sativa}, but several others are cultivated. [1913 Webster] 2. (Bot.) Any one of several cultural varieties of the sweet potato. [U. S.] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] {Chinese yam}, a plant ({Dioscorea Batatas}) with a long and slender tuber, hardier than most of the other species. {Wild yam}. (a) A common plant ({Dioscorea villosa}) of the Eastern United States, having a hard and knotty rootstock. (b) An orchidaceous plant ({Gastrodia sesamoides}) of Australia and Tasmania. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • sweet-potato: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • sweet-potato: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • sweet-potato: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • sweet-potato: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • yam: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • yam: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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