Sodium-Bicarbonate and Sodium-Carbonate

Sodium-Bicarbonate

Sodium bicarbonate or sodium hydrogen carbonate is the chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3. Sodium bicarbonate is a white solid that is crystalline but often appears as a fine powder.

sodium bicarbonate n : a white soluble compound (NaHCO3) used in effervescent drinks and in baking powders and as an antacid [syn: {bicarbonate of soda}, {sodium hydrogen carbonate}, {baking soda}, {saleratus}]

Sodium bicarbonate \Sodium bicarbonate\, a white crystalline substance, {HNaCO3}, with a slight alkaline taste resembling that of sodium carbonate. It is found in many mineral springs and also produced artificially,. It is used in cookery, in baking powders, and as a source of carbonic acid gas (carbon dioxide) for soda water. Called also {baking soda}, {cooking soda}, {bicarbonate of soda}, {bicarb}, {saleratus}, and technically, {acid sodium carbonate}, {sodium acid carbonate}, {primary sodium carbonate}, {sodium dicarbonate}, etc. [1913 Webster]

Sodium-Carbonate

Sodium carbonate (also known as washing soda or soda ash), Na2CO3 is a sodium salt of carbonic acid. It most commonly occurs as a crystalline heptahydrate, which readily effloresces to form a white powder, the monohydrate.

sodium carbonate n : a sodium salt of carbonic acid; used in making soap powders and glass and paper [syn: {washing soda}, {sal soda}, {soda ash}, {soda}]

Sodium \So"di*um\, n. [NL., fr.E. soda.] (Chem.) A common metallic element of the alkali group, in nature always occuring combined, as in common salt, in albite, etc. It is isolated as a soft, waxy, white, unstable metal, so highly reactive that it combines violently with water, and to be preserved must be kept under petroleum or some similar liquid. Sodium is used combined in many salts, in the free state as a reducer, and as a means of obtaining other metals (as magnesium and aluminium) is an important commercial product. Symbol Na ({Natrium}). Atomic weight 22.990. Specific gravity 0.97. [1913 Webster] {Sodium amalgam}, an alloy of sodium and mercury, usually produced as a gray metallic crystalline substance, which is used as a reducing agent, and otherwise. {Sodium carbonate}, a white crystalline substance, {Na2CO3.10H2O}, having a cooling alkaline taste, found in the ashes of many plants, and produced artifically in large quantities from common salt. It is used in making soap, glass, paper, etc., and as alkaline agent in many chemical industries. Called also {sal soda}, {washing soda}, or {soda}. Cf. {Sodium bicarbonate}, and {Trona}. {Sodium chloride}, common, or table, salt, {NaCl}. {Sodium hydroxide}, a white opaque brittle solid, {NaOH}, having a fibrous structure, produced by the action of quicklime, or of calcium hydrate (milk of lime), on sodium carbonate. It is a strong alkali, and is used in the manufacture of soap, in making wood pulp for paper, etc. Called also {sodium hydrate}, and {caustic soda}. By extension, a solution of sodium hydroxide. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • sodium-bicarbonate: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • sodium-bicarbonate: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • sodium-carbonate: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • sodium-carbonate: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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