Shrub and Tree

Shrub

A shrub is distinguished from a tree by its multiple stems and shorter height, usually under 6 m (20 ft) tall.

shrub n : a low woody perennial plant usually having several major branches [syn: {bush}]

74 Moby Thesaurus words for "shrub": Persian berry, alder, azalea, bayberry, blackberry, blackthorn, box, bramble, brier, brier bush, broom, bush, caper, cinchona, coca, coffee, cranberry, currant, daphne, elder, forsythia, frangipani, fuchsia, furze, gardenia, gooseberry, gorse, greasewood, guava, haw, heather, hemp tree, henna, hibiscus, holly, huckleberry, hydrangea, indigo, juniper, jute, laurel, leatherleaf, lilac, magnolia, manzanita, mock orange, mountain lilac, myrtle, ninebark, oleander, photinia, poison sumac, privet, pussy willow, rhododendron, rose of Sharon, rosebay, rosemary, sage, sagebrush, sand myrtle, scrub, shrubbery, sisal, snow wreath, snowberry, spiraea, sumac, symplocos, syringa, tamarisk, veronica, witch hazel, yellowroot

Shrub \Shrub\, v. t. To lop; to prune. [Obs.] --Anderson (1573). [1913 Webster]

Shrub \Shrub\, n. [OE. schrob, AS. scrob, scrobb; akin to Norw. skrubba the dwarf cornel tree.] (Bot.) A woody plant of less size than a tree, and usually with several stems from the same root. [1913 Webster]

Shrub \Shrub\, n. [Ar. shirb, shurb, a drink, beverage, fr. shariba to drink. Cf. {Sirup}, {Sherbet}.] A liquor composed of vegetable acid, especially lemon juice, and sugar, with spirit to preserve it. [1913 Webster]

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Tree

In botany, a tree is a perennial woody plant with a single main trunk taller than about 2 metres, with xylem tissue in the trunk and branches that continues to enlarge during the life of the plant by the process of secondary growth.

tree n 1: a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms 2: a figure that branches from a single root; "genealogical tree" [syn: {tree diagram}] 3: English actor and theatrical producer noted for his lavish productions of Shakespeare (1853-1917) [syn: {Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree}] v : chase a bear up a tree with dogs and kill it

160 Moby Thesaurus words for "tree": Stammbaum, acacia, ailanthus, alder, alligator pear, allspice, almond, apple, apricot, ash, aspen, avocado, ax, balsa, balsam, banyan, bare pole, basswood, bay, bayberry, beech, betel palm, birch, block, bottle up, buckeye, butternut, buttonwood, cacao, candleberry, cashew, cassia, catalpa, cherry, chestnut, chinquapin, cinnamon, citron, clove, coconut, collar, conifer, cork oak, corner, cross, cypress, death chair, death chamber, dogwood, drop, ebony, elder, electric chair, elm, eucalyptus, evergreen, family tree, fig, fir, frankincense, fruit tree, gallows, gallows-tree, gas chamber, genealogical tree, genealogy, gibbet, grapefruit, guava, guillotine, gum, halter, hardwood tree, hawthorn, hazel, hemlock, hemp, hempen collar, henna, hickory, holly, hop tree, horse chestnut, hot seat, ironwood, juniper, kumquat, laburnum, lancewood, larch, laurel, lemon, lethal chamber, lime, linden, litchi, litchi nut, locust, logwood, magnolia, mahogany, maiden, mango, mangrove, maple, mast, medlar, mountain ash, mulberry, noose, nutmeg, oak, olive, orange, palm, papaw, papaya, peach, pear, pecan, pedigree, persimmon, pine, pistachio, plane, plum, pole, pollard, pomegranate, poplar, quince, raffia palm, rain tree, redwood, rope, sandalwood, sapling, sassafras, scaffold, seedling, senna, sequoia, shade tree, softwood tree, spar, spruce, stake, stemma, stick, sycamore, tangerine, teak, the chair, timber, timber tree, tulip tree, walnut, willow, witch hazel, yew

Tree \Tree\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Treed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Treeing}.] 1. To drive to a tree; to cause to ascend a tree; as, a dog trees a squirrel. --J. Burroughs. [1913 Webster] 2. To place upon a tree; to fit with a tree; to stretch upon a tree; as, to tree a boot. See {Tree}, n., 3. [1913 Webster]

Tree \Tree\ (tr[=e]), n. [OE. tree, tre, treo, AS. tre['o], tre['o]w, tree, wood; akin to OFries. tr[=e], OS. treo, trio, Icel. tr[=e], Dan. tr[ae], Sw. tr["a], tr["a]d, Goth. triu, Russ. drevo, W. derw an oak, Ir. darag, darog, Gr. dry^s a tree, oak, do`ry a beam, spear shaft, spear, Skr. dru tree, wood, d[=a]ru wood. [root]63, 241. Cf. {Dryad}, {Germander}, {Tar}, n., {Trough}.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Bot.) Any perennial woody plant of considerable size (usually over twenty feet high) and growing with a single trunk. [1913 Webster] Note: The kind of tree referred to, in any particular case, is often indicated by a modifying word; as forest tree, fruit tree, palm tree, apple tree, pear tree, etc. [1913 Webster] 2. Something constructed in the form of, or considered as resembling, a tree, consisting of a stem, or stock, and branches; as, a genealogical tree. [1913 Webster] 3. A piece of timber, or something commonly made of timber; -- used in composition, as in axletree, boottree, chesstree, crosstree, whiffletree, and the like. [1913 Webster] 4. A cross or gallows; as Tyburn tree. [1913 Webster] [Jesus] whom they slew and hanged on a tree. --Acts x. 39. [1913 Webster] 5. Wood; timber. [Obs.] --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] In a great house ben not only vessels of gold and of silver but also of tree and of earth. --Wyclif (2 Tim. ii. 20). [1913 Webster] 6. (Chem.) A mass of crystals, aggregated in arborescent forms, obtained by precipitation of a metal from solution. See {Lead tree}, under {Lead}. [1913 Webster] {Tree bear} (Zo["o]l.), the raccoon. [Local, U. S.] {Tree beetle} (Zo["o]l.) any one of numerous species of beetles which feed on the leaves of trees and shrubs, as the May beetles, the rose beetle, the rose chafer, and the goldsmith beetle. {Tree bug} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of hemipterous insects which live upon, and suck the sap of, trees and shrubs. They belong to {Arma}, {Pentatoma}, {Rhaphigaster}, and allied genera. {Tree cat} (Zool.), the common paradoxure ({Paradoxurus musang}). {Tree clover} (Bot.), a tall kind of melilot ({Melilotus alba}). See {Melilot}. {Tree crab} (Zo["o]l.), the purse crab. See under {Purse}. {Tree creeper} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of arboreal creepers belonging to {Certhia}, {Climacteris}, and allied genera. See {Creeper}, 3. {Tree cricket} (Zo["o]l.), a nearly white arboreal American cricket ({Ecanthus niv[oe]us}) which is noted for its loud stridulation; -- called also {white cricket}. {Tree crow} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of Old World crows belonging to {Crypsirhina} and allied genera, intermediate between the true crows and the jays. The tail is long, and the bill is curved and without a tooth. {Tree dove} (Zo["o]l.) any one of several species of East Indian and Asiatic doves belonging to {Macropygia} and allied genera. They have long and broad tails, are chiefly arboreal in their habits, and feed mainly on fruit. {Tree duck} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of ducks belonging to {Dendrocygna} and allied genera. These ducks have a long and slender neck and a long hind toe. They are arboreal in their habits, and are found in the tropical parts of America, Africa, Asia, and Australia. {Tree fern} (Bot.), an arborescent fern having a straight trunk, sometimes twenty or twenty-five feet high, or even higher, and bearing a cluster of fronds at the top. Most of the existing species are tropical. {Tree fish} (Zo["o]l.), a California market fish ({Sebastichthys serriceps}). {Tree frog}. (Zo["o]l.) (a) Same as {Tree toad}. (b) Any one of numerous species of Old World frogs belonging to {Chiromantis}, {Rhacophorus}, and allied genera of the family {Ranid[ae]}. Their toes are furnished with suckers for adhesion. The flying frog (see under {Flying}) is an example. {Tree goose} (Zo["o]l.), the bernicle goose. {Tree hopper} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of small leaping hemipterous insects which live chiefly on the branches and twigs of trees, and injure them by sucking the sap. Many of them are very odd in shape, the prothorax being often prolonged upward or forward in the form of a spine or crest. {Tree jobber} (Zo["o]l.), a woodpecker. [Obs.] {Tree kangaroo}. (Zo["o]l.) See {Kangaroo}. {Tree lark} (Zo["o]l.), the tree pipit. [Prov. Eng.] {Tree lizard} (Zo["o]l.), any one of a group of Old World arboreal lizards ({Dendrosauria}) comprising the chameleons. {Tree lobster}. (Zo["o]l.) Same as {Tree crab}, above. {Tree louse} (Zo["o]l.), any aphid; a plant louse. {Tree moss}. (Bot.) (a) Any moss or lichen growing on trees. (b) Any species of moss in the form of a miniature tree. {Tree mouse} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of African mice of the subfamily {Dendromyin[ae]}. They have long claws and habitually live in trees. {Tree nymph}, a wood nymph. See {Dryad}. {Tree of a saddle}, a saddle frame. {Tree of heaven} (Bot.), an ornamental tree ({Ailantus glandulosus}) having long, handsome pinnate leaves, and greenish flowers of a disagreeable odor. {Tree of life} (Bot.), a tree of the genus Thuja; arbor vit[ae]. {Tree onion} (Bot.), a species of garlic ({Allium proliferum}) which produces bulbs in place of flowers, or among its flowers. {Tree oyster} (Zo["o]l.), a small American oyster ({Ostrea folium}) which adheres to the roots of the mangrove tree; -- called also {raccoon oyster}. {Tree pie} (Zo["o]l.), any species of Asiatic birds of the genus {Dendrocitta}. The tree pies are allied to the magpie. {Tree pigeon} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of longwinged arboreal pigeons native of Asia, Africa, and Australia, and belonging to {Megaloprepia}, {Carpophaga}, and allied genera. {Tree pipit}. (Zo["o]l.) See under {Pipit}. {Tree porcupine} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of Central and South American arboreal porcupines belonging to the genera {Ch[ae]tomys} and {Sphingurus}. They have an elongated and somewhat prehensile tail, only four toes on the hind feet, and a body covered with short spines mixed with bristles. One South American species ({Sphingurus villosus}) is called also {couiy}; another ({Sphingurus prehensilis}) is called also {c[oe]ndou}. {Tree rat} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of large ratlike West Indian rodents belonging to the genera {Capromys} and {Plagiodon}. They are allied to the porcupines. {Tree serpent} (Zo["o]l.), a tree snake. {Tree shrike} (Zo["o]l.), a bush shrike. {Tree snake} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of snakes of the genus {Dendrophis}. They live chiefly among the branches of trees, and are not venomous. {Tree sorrel} (Bot.), a kind of sorrel ({Rumex Lunaria}) which attains the stature of a small tree, and bears greenish flowers. It is found in the Canary Islands and Tenerife. {Tree sparrow} (Zo["o]l.) any one of several species of small arboreal sparrows, especially the American tree sparrow ({Spizella monticola}), and the common European species ({Passer montanus}). {Tree swallow} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of swallows of the genus {Hylochelidon} which lay their eggs in holes in dead trees. They inhabit Australia and adjacent regions. Called also {martin} in Australia. {Tree swift} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of swifts of the genus {Dendrochelidon} which inhabit the East Indies and Southern Asia. {Tree tiger} (Zo["o]l.), a leopard. {Tree toad} (Zo["o]l.), any one of numerous species of amphibians belonging to {Hyla} and allied genera of the family {Hylid[ae]}. They are related to the common frogs and toads, but have the tips of the toes expanded into suckers by means of which they cling to the bark and leaves of trees. Only one species ({Hyla arborea}) is found in Europe, but numerous species occur in America and Australia. The common tree toad of the Northern United States ({Hyla versicolor}) is noted for the facility with which it changes its colors. Called also {tree frog}. See also {Piping frog}, under {Piping}, and {Cricket frog}, under {Cricket}. {Tree warbler} (Zo["o]l.), any one of several species of arboreal warblers belonging to {Phylloscopus} and allied genera. {Tree wool} (Bot.), a fine fiber obtained from the leaves of pine trees. [1913 Webster]

tree A {directed acyclic graph}; i.e. a {graph} wherein there is only one route between any pair of {nodes}, and there is a notion of "toward top of the tree" (i.e. the {root node}), and its opposite direction, toward the {leaves}. A tree with n nodes has n-1 edges. Although maybe not part of the widest definition of a tree, a common constraint is that no node can have more than one parent. Moreover, for some applications, it is necessary to consider a node's {daughter} nodes to be an ordered {list}, instead of merely a {set}. As a data structure in computer programs, trees are used in everything from {B-trees} in {databases} and {file systems}, to {game trees} in {game theory}, to {syntax trees} in a human or computer {languages}. (1998-11-12)

TREE, n. A tall vegetable intended by nature to serve as a penal apparatus, though through a miscarriage of justice most trees bear only a negligible fruit, or none at all. When naturally fruited, the tree is a beneficient agency of civilization and an important factor in public morals. In the stern West and the sensitive South its fruit (white and black respectively) though not eaten, is agreeable to the public taste and, though not exported, profitable to the general welfare. That the legitimate relation of the tree to justice was no discovery of Judge Lynch (who, indeed, conceded it no primacy over the lamp-post and the bridge-girder) is made plain by the following passage from Morryster, who antedated him by two centuries: While in yt londe I was carried to see ye Ghogo tree, whereof I had hearde moch talk; but sayynge yt I saw naught remarkabyll in it, ye hed manne of ye villayge where it grewe made answer as followeth: "Ye tree is not nowe in fruite, but in his seasonne you shall see dependynge fr. his braunches all soch as have affroynted ye King his Majesty." And I was furder tolde yt ye worde "Ghogo" sygnifyeth in yr tong ye same as "rapscal" in our owne. _Trauvells in ye Easte_

Data Sources:

  • shrub: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • shrub: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • shrub: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • shrub: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • shrub: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • tree: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • tree: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • tree: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • tree: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • tree: The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03)
  • tree: THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993)

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