Realism and Romanticism

Realism

In philosophy, Realism, or Realist or Realistic are terms that describe manifestations of philosophical realism, the belief that reality exists independently of observers.

realism n 1: the attribute of accepting the facts of life and favoring practicality and literal truth [syn: {pragmatism}] 2: (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that physical object continue to exist when not perceived [syn: {naive realism}] 3: the state of being actual or real; "the reality of his situation slowly dawned on him" [syn: {reality}, {realness}] [ant: {unreality}] 4: an artistic movement in 19th century France; artists and writers strove for detailed realistic and factual description [syn: {naturalism}] 5: (philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that abstract concepts exist independent of their names [syn: {Platonism}]

81 Moby Thesaurus words for "realism": Marxism, absolute realism, animalism, artlessness, atomism, authenticity, behaviorism, bona fideness, commonsense realism, dialectical materialism, down-to-earthness, earthiness, earthliness, empiricism, epiphenomenalism, freedom from illusion, genuineness, hardheadedness, health, historical materialism, honesty, hylomorphism, hylotheism, hylozoism, inartificiality, lack of feelings, legitimacy, lifelikeness, literalism, literality, literalness, materialism, matter-of-factness, mechanism, natural realism, naturalism, naturalness, naturism, new realism, normalcy, normality, normalness, order, photographic realism, physicalism, physicism, positive philosophy, positivism, practical-mindedness, practicality, practicalness, pragmaticism, pragmatism, propriety, rationality, realness, reasonableness, regularity, representative realism, saneness, scientism, secularism, sensibleness, sincerity, sober-mindedness, substantialism, temporality, true-to-lifeness, truth to nature, unadulteration, unaffectedness, unfictitiousness, unidealism, unromanticalness, unsentimentality, unspeciousness, unspuriousness, unsyntheticness, verisimilitude, wholesomeness, worldliness

Realism \Re"al*ism\ (r[=e]"al*[i^]z'm), n. [Cf. F. r['e]alisme.] 1. (Philos.) (a) As opposed to nominalism, the doctrine that genera and species are real things or entities, existing independently of our conceptions. According to realism the Universal exists ante rem (Plato), or in re (Aristotle). (b) As opposed to idealism, the doctrine that in sense perception there is an immediate cognition of the external object, and our knowledge of it is not mediate and representative. [1913 Webster] 2. (Art & Lit.) Fidelity to nature or to real life; representation without idealization, and making no appeal to the imagination; adherence to the actual fact. [1913 Webster] 3. the practise of assessing facts and the probabilities of the consequences of actions in an objective manner; avoidance of unrealistic or impractical beliefs or efforts. Contrasted to {idealism}, {self-deception}, {overoptimism}, {overimaginativeness}, or {visionariness}. [PJC]

REALISM, n. The art of depicting nature as it is seem by toads. The charm suffusing a landscape painted by a mole, or a story written by a measuring-worm.

Romanticism

Romanticism (or the Romantic era/Period) was an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from 1800 to 1840. Partly a reaction to the Industrial Revolution, it was also a revolt against aristocratic social and political norms of the Age of Enlightenment and a reaction against the scientific rationalization of nature.

romanticism n 1: impractical romantic ideals and attitudes 2: a movement in literature and art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that celebrated nature rather than civilization; "romanticism valued imagination and emotion over rationality" [ant: {classicism}] 3: an exciting and mysterious quality (as of a heroic time or adventure) [syn: {romance}]

64 Moby Thesaurus words for "romanticism": affection, affectionateness, amativeness, amorousness, autism, autistic thinking, bathos, bleeding heart, cloyingness, demonstrativeness, dereism, dereistic thinking, dreamery, ecstasy, enchantment, flight of fancy, goatishness, goo, hearts-and-flowers, horniness, ideal, idealism, ideality, idealization, imaginative exercise, impracticality, lovelornness, lovesickness, maudlinness, mawkishness, mush, mushiness, namby-pamby, namby-pambyism, namby-pambyness, nostalgia, nostomania, oversentimentalism, oversentimentality, play of fancy, quixotism, quixotry, rapture, romance, sentiment, sentimentalism, sentimentality, sexiness, slop, sloppiness, slush, soap opera, sob story, susceptibility, sweetness and light, tearjerker, unpracticalness, unrealism, unreality, utopianism, visionariness, wish fulfillment, wish-fulfillment fantasy, wishful thinking

Romanticism \Ro*man"ti*cism\, n. [CF. It. romanticismo, F. romantisme, romanticisme.] A fondness for romantic characteristics or peculiarities; specifically, in modern literature, an aiming at romantic effects; -- applied to the productions of a school of writers who sought to revive certain medi?val forms and methods in opposition to the so-called classical style. [1913 Webster] He [Lessing] may be said to have begun the revolt from pseudo-classicism in poetry, and to have been thus unconsciously the founder of romanticism. --Lowell. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • realism: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • realism: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • realism: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • realism: THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993)
  • romanticism: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • romanticism: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • romanticism: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

Currently unrated



Your Comparisons - Realism And Romanticism