Parole and Probation

Parole

Parole is the provisional release of a prisoner who agrees to certain conditions. Originating from the Italian (“voice”, “spoken words”), the term became associated during the Middle Ages with the release of prisoners who gave their word of honor to abide by certain restrictions.

parole n 1: a promise; "he gave his word" [syn: {word}, {word of honor}] 2: a secret word or phrase known only to a restricted group; "he forgot the password" [syn: {password}, {watchword}, {word}, {countersign}] 3: (law) a conditional release from imprisonment that entitiles the person to serve the remainder of the sentence outside the prison as long as the terms of release are complied with v : release a criminal from detention and place him on parole; "The prisoner was paroled after serving 10 years in prison"

98 Moby Thesaurus words for "parole": accents, assurance, avouch, avouchment, cast loose, chatter, comment, conversation, demobilization, demobilize, dialect, discharge, discourse, dismiss, dismissal, elocution, faith, gab, go bail for, grant bail to, guarantee, idiom, language, langue, let go, let go free, let loose, let off, let out, lingo, lingua, linguistic act, locution, oath, oral communication, palaver, parlance, parol, personal usage, phonation, phraseology, pledge, plight, prattle, promise, put on parole, rapping, release, sequence of phonemes, solemn declaration, speaking, speech, speech act, string, talk, talking, the spoken word, tongue, troth, unbinding, unbolting, unbridling, unbuckling, uncaging, unchaining, unfettering, ungagging, unhand, unhanding, unharnessing, unhobbling, unlashing, unlatching, unleashing, unlocking, unloosing, unmanacling, unmuzzling, unpenning, unshackling, unstrapping, untethering, untrussing, untying, unyoking, usage, utterance, utterance string, vocable, voice, vow, warranty, word, word of honor, word of mouth, words, yakkety-yak, yakking

Parole \Pa*role"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Paroled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Paroling}.] (Mil. and Penology) To set at liberty on parole; as, to parole prisoners. [1913 Webster]

Parole \Pa*role"\, a. See 2d {Parol}. [1913 Webster]

Parole \Pa*role"\, n. [F. parole. See {Parley}, and cf. {Parol}.] 1. A word; an oral utterance. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. Word of promise; word of honor; plighted faith; especially (Mil.), promise, upon one's faith and honor, to fulfill stated conditions, as not to bear arms against one's captors, to return to custody, or the like. [1913 Webster] This man had forfeited his military parole. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster] 3. (Mil.) A watchword given only to officers of guards; -- distinguished from {countersign}, which is given to all guards. [1913 Webster] 4. (Law) Oral declaration. See 1st {Parol}, 2. [1913 Webster] 5. The release of a prisoner from confinement prior to the end of the original sentence, conditioned on good behavior and often with other specific conditions, such as not to associate with known criminals. Such early release is common where the sentence provides a minimum and maximum term; as, he was released on parole after three years of his five-year sentence; he is out on parole. [PJC] 6. A document authorizing a parole[5]. [PJC]

Parole, MD (CDP, FIPS 60325) Location: 38.98415 N, 76.55308 W Population (1990): 10054 (4534 housing units) Area: 26.7 sq km (land), 4.4 sq km (water)

Probation

Probation developed from the efforts of a philanthropist, John Augustus, who looked for ways to rehabilitate the behavior of criminals.

probation n 1: a trial period during which your character and abilities are tested to see whether you are suitable for work or for membership 2: a trial period during which an offender has time to redeem himself or herself 3: (law) a way of dealing with offenders without imprisoning them; a defendant found guilty of a crime is released by the court without imprisonment subject to conditions imposed by the court; "probation is part of the sentencing process"

25 Moby Thesaurus words for "probation": acid test, assay, blank determination, brouillon, criterion, crucial test, crucible, determination, docimasy, essay, feeling out, first draft, kiteflying, ordeal, proof, rough draft, rough sketch, sounding out, standard, test, test case, touchstone, trial, try, verification

Probation \Pro*ba"tion\, n. [L. probatio, fr. probare to try, examine, prove: cf. F. probation. See {Prove}.] [1913 Webster] 1. The act of proving; also, that which proves anything; proof. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] When by miracle God dispensed great gifts to the laity, . . . he gave probation that he intended that all should prophesy and preach. --Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster] 2. Any proceeding designed to ascertain truth, to determine character, qualification, etc.; examination; trial; as, to engage a person on probation. Hence, specifically: (a) The novitiate which a person must pass in a convent, to probe his or her virtue and ability to bear the severities of the rule. (b) The trial of a ministerial candidate's qualifications prior to his ordination, or to his settlement as a pastor. (c) Moral trial; the state of man in the present life, in which he has the opportunity of proving his character, and becoming qualified for a happier state. [1913 Webster] No [view of human life] seems so reasonable as that which regards it as a state of probation. --Paley. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • parole: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • parole: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • parole: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • parole: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • parole: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • parole: U.S. Gazetteer (1990)
  • probation: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • probation: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • probation: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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