Nominal and Real

Nominal

In linguistics, a nominal is a part of speech in some languages that shares features with nouns and adjectives.

nominal adj 1: relating to or constituting or bearing or giving a name; "the Russian system of nominal brevity"; "a nominal lists of priests"; "taxable males as revealed by the nominal rolls" 2: insignificantly small; a matter of form only (`tokenish' is informal); "the fee was nominal"; "a token gesture of resistance"; "a tokenish gesture" [syn: {token(a)}, {tokenish}] 3: pertaining to a noun or to a word group that functions as a noun; "nominal phrase"; "noun phrase" 4: being value in terms of specification on currency or stock certificates rather than purchasing power; "nominal or face value" [ant: {real}] 5: named; bearing the name of a specific person; "nominative shares of stock" [syn: {nominative}] 6: being such in name only; "the nominal (or titular) head of his party" [syn: {titular}]

92 Moby Thesaurus words for "nominal": abstract noun, adherent noun, adjectival, adverbial, alleged, apparent, attributive, budget, byname, cheap, cognominal, collective noun, common noun, conjunctive, copulative, correct, diminutive, easy, economic, economy, epithetic, formal, frugal, functional, gerund, glossematic, grammatic, honorific, hypocoristic, hypostasis, in name only, inconsiderable, inexpensive, insignificant, insubstantial, intransitive, linking, low, low-priced, manageable, minimal, minor, minuscule, moderate, modest, nominative, noun, noun phrase, ostensible, participial, postpositional, prepositional, pretended, professed, pronominal, pronoun, proper noun, proposed, propositional, puppet, purported, quasi, quotation noun, reasonable, representational, seeming, self-called, self-christened, self-styled, sensible, shabby, shoddy, small, so-called, soi-disant, structural, substantive, supposed, supposititious, syntactic, tagmemic, tiny, titular, token, transitive, trifling, trivial, unexpensive, verbal, within means, worth the money, would-be

Nominal \Nom"i*nal\, n. 1. A nominalist. [Obs.] --Camden. [1913 Webster] 2. (Gram.) A verb formed from a noun. [1913 Webster] 3. A name; an appellation. [1913 Webster] A is the nominal of the sixth note in the natural diatonic scale. --Moore (Encyc. of Music. ) [1913 Webster]

Nominal \Nom"i*nal\, a. [L. nominalis, fr. nomen, nominis, name. See {Name}.] 1. Of or pertaining to a name or names; having to do with the literal meaning of a word; verbal; as, a nominal definition. --Bp. Pearson. [1913 Webster] 2. Existing in name only; not real; as, a nominal difference. ``Nominal attendance on lectures.'' --Macaulay. [1913 Webster] 4. Hence: Insignificant; trifling; -- of prices or costs, as compared with the benefits gained; as, to pay a nominal sum for the data; a nominal fee. [PJC] 3. Within acceptable limits; as expected; as, the hydraulic lines are at nominal pressure; -- used mostly in aviation and space operations. [PJC]

Real

Reality television is a television programming that presents purportedly unscripted melodramatic or "humorous" situations, documents actual events, and usually features ordinary people instead of professional actors, sometimes in a contest or other situation where a prize is awarded.

real adj 1: being or occurring in fact or actuality; having verified existence; not illusory; "real objects"; "real people; not ghosts"; "a film based on real life"; "a real illness"; "real humility"; "Life is real! Life is earnest!"- Longfellow [syn: {existent}] [ant: {unreal}] 2: no less than what is stated; worthy of the name; "the real reason"; "real war"; "a real friend"; "a real woman"; "meat and potatoes--I call that a real meal"; "it's time he had a real job"; "it's no penny-ante job--he's making real money" [syn: {real(a)}] [ant: {unreal}] 3: being or reflecting the essential or genuine character of something; "her actual motive"; "a literal solitude like a desert"- G.K.Chesterton; "a genuine dilemma" [syn: {actual}, {genuine}, {literal}] 4: not synthetic or spurious; of real or natural origin; "real mink"; "true gold" [syn: {true}] 5: not to be taken lightly; "statistics demonstrate that poverty and unemployment are very real problems"; "to the man sleeping regularly in doorways homelessness is real" 6: possible to be treated as fact; "tangible evidence"; "his brief time as Prime Minister brought few real benefits to the poor" [syn: {tangible}] 7: being value measured in terms of purchasing power; "real prices"; "real income"; "real wages" [ant: {nominal}] 8: having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary; "the substantial world"; "a mere dream, neither substantial nor practical"; "most ponderous and substantial things"- Shakespeare [syn: {substantial}, {material}] [ant: {insubstantial}] 9: (of property) fixed or immovable; "real property consists of land and buildings; real estate" 10: coinciding with reality; "perceptual error...has a surprising resemblance to veridical perception"- F.A.Olafson [syn: {veridical}] 11: founded on practical matters; "a recent graduate experiencing the real world for the first time" n 1: any rational or irrational number [syn: {real number}] 2: an old small silver Spanish coin adv : used as intensifiers; `real' is sometimes used informally for `really'; `rattling' is informal; "she was very gifted"; "he played very well"; "a really enjoyable evening"; "I'm real sorry about it"; "a rattling good yarn" [syn: {very}, {really}, {rattling}] [also: {reis} (pl), {reales} (pl)]

235 Moby Thesaurus words for "real": Gaussian integer, absolute, actual, admitting no question, algebraic number, algorismic, algorithmic, aliquot, almighty, appreciable, ascertained, attested, authentic, authenticated, awfully, bona fide, candid, card-carrying, cardinal, cardinal number, categorically true, certain, certified, complex number, concrete, confirmable, confirmed, corporeal, corroborated, de facto, decimal, defective number, demonstrable, demonstratable, demonstrated, determined, differential, digital, dinkum, documentary, earnest, effectual, essential, established, even, even number, exceedingly, existent, exponential, factual, feodal, feudal, feudatory, figural, figurate, figurative, finite, finite number, following the letter, for real, fraction, fractional, genuine, good, heartfelt, historical, honest, honest-to-God, imaginary, imaginary number, impair, impossible, inappealable, inartificial, incontestable, incontrovertible, indisputable, indubitable, infinite, infinity, integer, integral, intrinsic, irrational, irrational number, irrefragable, irrefutable, just, lawful, legal, legitimate, licit, lifelike, literal, logarithmic, logometric, loyal, manorial, material, mightily, mighty, mixed number, natural, naturalistic, negative, not in error, numeral, numerary, numerative, numeric, objectively true, odd, official, only too, ordinal, original, pair, palpable, physical, polygonal number, ponderable, positive, possible, powerful, powerfully, praedial, pretty, prime, prime number, proper, provable, proved, pure, pure imaginary, quite, radical, rational, rational number, real number, realistic, really, reciprocal, rectangular number, right, rightful, round number, seigneurial, seignioral, self-evident, sensible, serial number, simon-pure, simple, sincere, so, solid, sterling, submultiple, substantial, substantiated, substantive, surd, sure-enough, tangible, terribly, terrifically, testable, transcendental, transcendental number, transfinite number, true, true as gospel, true to life, true to nature, true to reality, trusted, trustworthy, truthful, unadulterated, unaffected, unanswerable, unassumed, unassuming, uncolored, unconcocted, unconfutable, unconfuted, uncopied, uncounterfeited, undeniable, undenied, undisguised, undisguising, undistorted, undoubted, unerroneous, unexaggerated, unfabricated, unfallacious, unfalse, unfanciful, unfeigned, unfeigning, unfictitious, unflattering, unimagined, unimitated, unimpeachable, uninvented, unlikely, unmistaken, unpretended, unpretending, unqualified, unquestionable, unrefutable, unrefuted, unromantic, unsimulated, unspecious, unsynthetic, unvarnished, valid, validated, veracious, verbal, verbatim, veridical, verifiable, verified, verisimilar, veritable, very, whole number, word-for-word

real adj. Not simulated. Often used as a specific antonym to {virtual} in any of its jargon senses.

Real \Re"al\ (r[=e]"al), n. [Sp., fr. real royal, L. regalis. See {Regal}, and cf. {Ree} a coin.] A small Spanish silver coin; also, a denomination of money of account, formerly the unit of the Spanish monetary system. [1913 Webster] Note: A real of plate (coin) varied in value according to the time of its coinage, from 121/2 down to 10 cents, or from 61/2 to 5 pence sterling. The real vellon, or money of account, was nearly equal to five cents, or 21/2 pence sterling. In 1871 the coinage of Spain was assimilated to that of the Latin Union, of which the franc is the unit. [1913 Webster]

Real \Re"al\ (r[=e]"al), n. A realist. [Obs.] --Burton. [1913 Webster]

Real \Re"al\ (r[=e]"al), a. [LL. realis, fr. L. res, rei, a thing: cf. F. r['e]el. Cf. {Rebus}.] 1. Actually being or existing; not fictitious or imaginary; as, a description of real life. [1913 Webster] Whereat I waked, and found Before mine eyes all real, as the dream Had lively shadowed. --Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. True; genuine; not artificial, counterfeit, or factitious; often opposed to {ostensible}; as, the real reason; real Madeira wine; real ginger. [1913 Webster] Whose perfection far excelled Hers in all real dignity. --Milton. [1913 Webster] 3. Relating to things, not to persons. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Many are perfect in men's humors that are not greatly capable of the real part of business. --Bacon. [1913 Webster] 4. (Alg.) Having an assignable arithmetical or numerical value or meaning; not imaginary. [1913 Webster] 5. (Law) Pertaining to things fixed, permanent, or immovable, as to lands and tenements; as, real property, in distinction from personal or movable property. [1913 Webster] {Chattels real} (Law), such chattels as are annexed to, or savor of, the realty, as terms for years of land. See {Chattel}. {Real action} (Law), an action for the recovery of real property. {Real assets} (Law), lands or real estate in the hands of the heir, chargeable with the debts of the ancestor. {Real composition} (Eccl. Law), an agreement made between the owner of lands and the parson or vicar, with consent of the ordinary, that such lands shall be discharged from payment of tithes, in consequence of other land or recompense given to the parson in lieu and satisfaction thereof. --Blackstone. {Real estate} or {Real property}, lands, tenements, and hereditaments; freehold interests in landed property; property in houses and land. --Kent. --Burrill. {Real presence} (R. C. Ch.), the actual presence of the body and blood of Christ in the eucharist, or the conversion of the substance of the bread and wine into the real body and blood of Christ; transubstantiation. In other churches there is a belief in a form of real presence, not however in the sense of transubstantiation. {Real servitude}, called also {Predial servitude} (Civil Law), a burden imposed upon one estate in favor of another estate of another proprietor. --Erskine. --Bouvier. [1913 Webster] Syn: Actual; true; genuine; authentic. Usage: {Real}, {Actual}. Real represents a thing to be a substantive existence; as, a real, not imaginary, occurrence. Actual refers to it as acted or performed; and, hence, when we wish to prove a thing real, we often say, ``It actually exists,'' ``It has actually been done.'' Thus its reality is shown by its actuality. Actual, from this reference to being acted, has recently received a new signification, namely, present; as, the actual posture of affairs; since what is now in action, or going on, has, of course, a present existence. An actual fact; a real sentiment. [1913 Webster] For he that but conceives a crime in thought, Contracts the danger of an actual fault. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] Our simple ideas are all real; all agree to the reality of things. --Locke. [1913 Webster]

Real \Re*al"\ (r[asl]*[aum]l"), a. Royal; regal; kingly. [Obs.] ``The blood real of Thebes.'' --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

real 1. Not simulated. Often used as a specific antonym to {virtual} in any of its jargon senses. 2. {real number}. [{Jargon File}] (1997-03-12)

Data Sources:

  • nominal: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • nominal: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • nominal: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • nominal: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • real: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • real: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • real: Jargon File (4.3.1, 29 Jun 2001)
  • real: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • real: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • real: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • real: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • real: The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03)

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