Need and Want

Need

A need is something that is necessary for organisms to live a healthy life. Needs are distinguished from wants because a deficiency would cause a clear negative outcome, such as dysfunction or death.

need n 1: a condition requiring relief; "she satisfied his need for affection"; "God has no need of men to accomplish His work"; "there is a demand for jobs" [syn: {demand}] 2: anything that is necessary but lacking; "he had sufficient means to meet his simple needs"; "I tried to supply his wants" [syn: {want}] 3: the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior; "we did not understand his motivation"; "he acted with the best of motives" [syn: {motivation}, {motive}] 4: a state of extreme poverty or destitution; "their indigence appalled him"; "a general state of need exists among the homeless" [syn: {indigence}, {penury}, {beggary}, {pauperism}, {pauperization}] v 1: require as useful, just, or proper; "It takes nerve to do what she did"; "success usually requires hard work"; "This job asks a lot of patience and skill"; "This position demands a lot of personal sacrifice"; "This dinner calls for a spectacular dessert"; "This intervention does not postulates a patient's consent" [syn: {necessitate}, {ask}, {postulate}, {require}, {take}, {involve}, {call for}, {demand}] [ant: {obviate}] 2: have need of; "This piano wants the attention of a competent tuner" [syn: {want}, {require}] 3: have or feel a need for; "always needing friends and money"

169 Moby Thesaurus words for "need": absence, ardor, arrearage, ask, bare cupboard, bare necessities, bare subsistence, basic, be forced, be hurting for, be in for, be in want, be indicated, be necessary, be obliged, be pinched, be poor, beggarliness, beggary, break, call, call for, cannot do otherwise, cannot help but, charge, claim, clamor for, commitment, committal, concupiscence, constraint, covet, crave, cry for, cry out for, curiosity, dearth, defalcation, defect, defectiveness, deficiency, deficit, demand, demand for, deprivation, desideration, desideratum, desire, destitution, devoir, difficulty, discontinuity, distress, drive, drought, duty, eagerness, emergency, empty purse, essential, essentials, exact, exaction, exigency, extremity, famine, fancy, fantasy, fundamental, gap, go on welfare, grinding poverty, gripe, hand-to-mouth existence, hanker, have, have got to, have need to, have occasion for, have to, hiatus, homelessness, hope, horme, hunger, impecuniousness, imperfection, impoverishment, incompleteness, indigence, indispensable, insufficiency, intellectual curiosity, interval, lack, lacuna, libido, long, lust for learning, mendicancy, mind, miss, missing link, moneylessness, must, must item, necessaries, necessary, necessities, necessitousness, necessity, need for, need to, needfulness, neediness, needs must, occasion, omission, ought, outage, passion, paucity, pauperism, pauperization, penury, pinch, pine, pleasure, pleasure principle, poorness, poverty, prerequire, prerequirement, prerequisite, privation, require, requirement, requisite, requisition, right, run short of, scarcity, sexual desire, shortage, shortcoming, shortfall, should, sine qua non, starvation, starve, stress, take doing, the necessary, the needful, thirst, thirst for knowledge, trouble, ullage, urge, use, want, want doing, wantage, wanting, will, will and pleasure, wish, wish fulfillment, yearn

Need \Need\ (n[=e]d), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Needed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Needing}.] [See {Need}, n. Cf. AS. n[=y]dan to force, Goth. nau[thorn]jan.] To be in want of; to have cause or occasion for; to lack; to require, as supply or relief. [1913 Webster] Other creatures all day long Rove idle, unemployed, and less need rest. --Milton. [1913 Webster] Note: With another verb, need is used like an auxiliary, generally in a negative sentence expressing requirement or obligation, and in this use it undergoes no change of termination in the third person singular of the present tense. ``And the lender need not fear he shall be injured.'' --Anacharsis (Trans. ). [1913 Webster]

Need \Need\, adv. Of necessity. See {Needs}. [Obs.] --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

Need \Need\, v. i. To be wanted; to be necessary. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] When we have done it, we have done all that is in our power, and all that needs. --Locke. [1913 Webster]

Need \Need\ (n[=e]d), n. [OE. need, neod, nede, AS. ne['a]d, n[=y]d; akin to D. nood, G. not, noth, Icel. nau[eth]r, Sw. & Dan. n["o]d, Goth. nau[thorn]s.] 1. A state that requires supply or relief; pressing occasion for something; necessity; urgent want. [1913 Webster] And the city had no need of the sun. --Rev. xxi. 23. [1913 Webster] I have no need to beg. --Shak. [1913 Webster] Be governed by your needs, not by your fancy. --Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster] 2. Want of the means of subsistence; poverty; indigence; destitution. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Famine is in thy cheeks; Need and oppression starveth in thine eyes. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. That which is needful; anything necessary to be done; (pl.) necessary things; business. [Obs.] --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] 4. Situation of need; peril; danger. [Obs.] --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] Syn: Exigency; emergency; strait; extremity; necessity; distress; destitution; poverty; indigence; want; penury. Usage: {Need}, {Necessity}. Necessity is stronger than need; it places us under positive compulsion. We are frequently under the necessity of going without that of which we stand very greatly in need. It is also with the corresponding adjectives; necessitous circumstances imply the direct pressure of suffering; needy circumstances, the want of aid or relief. [1913 Webster]

Want

The idea of want can be examined from many perspectives. In secular societies want might be considered similar to the emotion desire, which can be studied scientifically through the disciplines of psychology or sociology.

want n 1: a state of extreme poverty [syn: {privation}, {deprivation}] 2: the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable; "there is a serious lack of insight into the problem"; "water is the critical deficiency in desert regions"; "for want of a nail the shoe was lost" [syn: {lack}, {deficiency}] 3: anything that is necessary but lacking; "he had sufficient means to meet his simple needs"; "I tried to supply his wants" [syn: {need}] 4: a specific feeling of desire; "he got his wish"; "he was above all wishing and desire" [syn: {wish}, {wishing}] v 1: feel or have a desire for; want strongly; "I want to go home now"; "I want my own room" [syn: {desire}] 2: have need of; "This piano wants the attention of a competent tuner" [syn: {need}, {require}] 3: wish or demand the presence of; "I want you here at noon!" 4: hunt or look for; want for a particular reason; "Your former neighbor is wanted by the FBI"; "Uncle Sam wants you" 5: be without, lack; be deficient in; "want courtesy"; "want the strength to go on living"; "flood victims wanting food and shelter"

224 Moby Thesaurus words for "want": absence, ache to, adulteration, aim at, ardor, arrearage, ask, awayness, bare cupboard, bare necessities, bare subsistence, be desirous of, be dying to, be found wanting, be hurting for, be in want, be indicated, be inferior, be insufficient, be pinched, be poor, become, befit, beggarliness, beggary, behoove, blank, break, burn to, call for, choose, choose to, claim, clamor for, collapse, come short, concupiscence, covet, crave, cry for, cry out for, curiosity, dearly love to, dearth, decline, defalcation, default, defect, defectibility, defectiveness, deficiency, deficit, demand, demand for, deprivation, desiderate, desideration, desideratum, desire, destitution, discontinuity, drive, drought, eagerness, empty purse, erroneousness, essential, essentials, exact, exigency, exiguousness, fail, fail of, fall away, fall short, fall shy, fallibility, famine, fancy, fantasy, faultiness, favor, follow, gap, go on welfare, grinding poverty, gripe, hand-to-mouth existence, have designs on, have nothing on, have occasion for, hiatus, homelessness, hope, horme, immaturity, impairment, impecuniousness, imperfection, impoverishment, impurity, inaccuracy, inadequacy, inadequateness, incompleteness, indigence, indispensable, inexactitude, inexactness, insufficiency, intellectual curiosity, interval, itch to, kick the beam, lack, lacuna, lag, libido, like, like to, long to, lose ground, love, love to, lust, lust after, lust for learning, meagerness, mediocrity, mendicancy, mind, miss, missing link, moneylessness, must, must item, necessaries, necessities, necessitousness, necessity, need, need for, need to, neediness, neverness, nonexistence, nonoccurrence, nonpresence, not answer, not approach, not come near, not compare, not hack it, not make it, not make out, not measure up, not qualify, not stretch, not suffice, nowhereness, occasion, omission, ought, outage, passion, patchiness, pauperism, pauperization, penury, pinch, play second fiddle, pleasure, pleasure principle, poorness, prefer, prerequire, prerequirement, prerequisite, privation, rank under, require, requirement, requisite, requisition, run short, run short of, scantiness, serve, sexual desire, shortage, shortcoming, shortfall, should, sketchiness, skimpiness, slump, starvation, starve, stop short, subserve, subtraction, take doing, take to, the necessary, the needful, thirst for knowledge, ullage, undevelopment, unevenness, unperfectedness, unsoundness, urge, want doing, want to, wantage, wanting, will, will and pleasure, wish, wish fulfillment, wish to, wish to goodness, wish very much, would fain do

Wa'n't \Wa'n't\ A colloquial contraction of was not. [1913 Webster]

Want \Want\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Wanted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Wanting}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To be without; to be destitute of, or deficient in; not to have; to lack; as, to want knowledge; to want judgment; to want learning; to want food and clothing. [1913 Webster] They that want honesty, want anything. --Beau. & Fl. [1913 Webster] Nor think, though men were none, That heaven would want spectators, God want praise. --Milton. [1913 Webster] The unhappy never want enemies. --Richardson. [1913 Webster] 2. To have occasion for, as useful, proper, or requisite; to require; to need; as, in winter we want a fire; in summer we want cooling breezes. [1913 Webster] 3. To feel need of; to wish or long for; to desire; to crave. `` What wants my son?'' --Addison. [1913 Webster] I want to speak to you about something. --A. Trollope. [1913 Webster]

Want \Want\ (277), n. [Originally an adj., from Icel. vant, neuter of vanr lacking, deficient. [root]139. See {Wane}, v. i.] [1913 Webster] 1. The state of not having; the condition of being without anything; absence or scarcity of what is needed or desired; deficiency; lack; as, a want of power or knowledge for any purpose; want of food and clothing. [1913 Webster] And me, his parent, would full soon devour For want of other prey. --Milton. [1913 Webster] From having wishes in consequence of our wants, we often feel wants in consequence of our wishes. --Rambler. [1913 Webster] Pride is as loud a beggar as want, and more saucy. --Franklin. [1913 Webster] 2. Specifically, absence or lack of necessaries; destitution; poverty; penury; indigence; need. [1913 Webster] Nothing is so hard for those who abound in riches, as to conceive how others can be in want. --Swift. [1913 Webster] 3. That which is needed or desired; a thing of which the loss is felt; what is not possessed, and is necessary for use or pleasure. [1913 Webster] Habitual superfluities become actual wants. --Paley. [1913 Webster] 4. (Mining) A depression in coal strata, hollowed out before the subsequent deposition took place. [Eng.] [1913 Webster] Syn: Indigence; deficiency; defect; destitution; lack; failure; dearth; scarceness. [1913 Webster]

Want \Want\, v. i. [Icel. vanta to be wanting. See {Want} to lack.] [1913 Webster] 1. To be absent; to be deficient or lacking; to fail; not to be sufficient; to fall or come short; to lack; -- often used impersonally with of; as, it wants ten minutes of four. [1913 Webster] The disposition, the manners, and the thoughts are all before it; where any of those are wanting or imperfect, so much wants or is imperfect in the imitation of human life. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2. To be in a state of destitution; to be needy; to lack. [1913 Webster] You have a gift, sir (thank your education), Will never let you want. --B. Jonson. [1913 Webster] For as in bodies, thus in souls, we find What wants in blood and spirits, swelled with wind. --Pope. [1913 Webster] Note: Want was formerly used impersonally with an indirect object. ``Him wanted audience.'' --Chaucer. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • need: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • need: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • need: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • need: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • need: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • need: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • want: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • want: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • want: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • want: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • want: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • want: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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