Monarchy and Republic

Monarchy

A monarchy is a form of government in which sovereignty is actually or nominally embodied in a single individual (the monarch).

monarchy n : an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority

81 Moby Thesaurus words for "monarchy": Caesarism, Stalinism, absolute monarchy, absolutism, aristocracy, autarchy, authoritarianism, autocracy, autonomy, benevolent despotism, coalition government, colonialism, commonwealth, constitutional government, constitutional monarchy, country, czarism, democracy, despotism, dictatorship, domain, dominion, dominion rule, duarchy, duumvirate, dyarchy, empire, federal government, federation, feudal system, garrison state, gerontocracy, heteronomy, hierarchy, hierocracy, home rule, kaiserism, kingdom, limited monarchy, martial law, meritocracy, militarism, military government, mob rule, mobocracy, monarchism, monocracy, nation, neocolonialism, ochlocracy, oligarchy, one-man rule, one-party rule, pantisocracy, paternalism, patriarchate, patriarchy, police state, principality, pure democracy, regency, representative democracy, representative government, republic, royalism, self-determination, self-government, social democracy, sovereignty, state, stratocracy, technocracy, thearchy, theocracy, totalitarian government, totalitarian regime, totalitarianism, triarchy, triumvirate, tyranny, welfare state

Monarchy \Mon"arch*y\, n.; pl. {Monarchies}. [F. monarchie, L. monarchia, Gr. ?. See {Monarch}.] 1. A state or government in which the supreme power is lodged in the hands of a monarch. [1913 Webster] 2. A system of government in which the chief ruler is a monarch. [1913 Webster] In those days he had affected zeal for monarchy. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster] 3. The territory ruled over by a monarch; a kingdom. [1913 Webster] What scourage for perjury Can this dark monarchy afford false Clarence. --Shak. [1913 Webster] {Fifth monarchy}, a universal monarchy, supposed to be the subject of prophecy in Daniel ii.; the four preceding monarchies being Assyrian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman. See {Fifth Monarchy men}, under {Fifth}. [1913 Webster]

Republic

A republic is a form of government in which the country is considered a "public matter" (Latin: res publica), not the private concern or property of the rulers, and where offices of states are subsequently directly or indirectly elected or appointed rather than inherited.

republic n 1: a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them [syn: {democracy}, {commonwealth}] [ant: {autocracy}] 2: a form of government whose head of state is not a monarch; "the head of state in a republic is usually a president"

109 Moby Thesaurus words for "republic": absolute monarchy, ally, archduchy, archdukedom, aristocracy, autarchy, autocracy, autonomy, body politic, buffer state, captive nation, chieftaincy, chieftainry, city-state, coalition government, colonialism, colony, commonweal, commonwealth, constitutional government, constitutional monarchy, country, county, democracy, dictatorship, domain, dominion, dominion rule, duarchy, duchy, dukedom, duumvirate, dyarchy, earldom, empery, empire, federal government, federation, feudal system, free city, garrison state, gerontocracy, grand duchy, heteronomy, hierarchy, hierocracy, home rule, kingdom, land, limited monarchy, mandant, mandate, mandated territory, mandatee, mandatory, martial law, meritocracy, militarism, military government, mob rule, mobocracy, monarchy, nation, nationality, neocolonialism, ochlocracy, oligarchy, pantisocracy, patriarchate, patriarchy, police state, polis, polity, possession, power, principality, principate, protectorate, province, puppet government, puppet regime, pure democracy, realm, regency, representative democracy, representative government, satellite, self-determination, self-government, seneschalty, settlement, social democracy, sovereign nation, state, stratocracy, sultanate, superpower, technocracy, territory, thearchy, theocracy, toparchia, toparchy, totalitarian government, totalitarian regime, triarchy, triumvirate, tyranny, welfare state

Republic \Re*pub"lic\ (r?-p?b"l?k), n. [F. r['e]publique, L. respublica commonwealth; res a thing, an affair + publicus, publica, public. See {Real}, a., and {Public}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Common weal. [Obs.] --B. Jonson. [1913 Webster] 2. A state in which the sovereign power resides in the whole body of the people, and is exercised by representatives elected by them; a commonwealth. Cf. {Democracy}, 2. [1913 Webster] Note: In some ancient states called republics the sovereign power was exercised by an hereditary aristocracy or a privileged few, constituting a government now distinctively called an aristocracy. In some there was a division of authority between an aristocracy and the whole body of the people except slaves. No existing republic recognizes an exclusive privilege of any class to govern, or tolerates the institution of slavery. [1913 Webster] {Republic of letters}, The collective body of literary or learned men. [1913 Webster]

Republic, KS (city, FIPS 59000) Location: 39.92365 N, 97.82439 W Population (1990): 177 (119 housing units) Area: 0.7 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Zip code(s): 66964 Republic, MI Zip code(s): 49879 Republic, MO (city, FIPS 61238) Location: 37.11730 N, 93.47512 W Population (1990): 6292 (2431 housing units) Area: 10.8 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Zip code(s): 65738 Republic, OH (village, FIPS 66320) Location: 41.12476 N, 83.01608 W Population (1990): 611 (235 housing units) Area: 2.6 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Zip code(s): 44867 Republic, PA (CDP, FIPS 64224) Location: 39.96483 N, 79.87662 W Population (1990): 1603 (734 housing units) Area: 1.9 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Zip code(s): 15475 Republic, WA (town, FIPS 57850) Location: 48.64906 N, 118.73185 W Population (1990): 940 (460 housing units) Area: 4.1 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Zip code(s): 99166

REPUBLIC, n. A nation in which, the thing governing and the thing governed being the same, there is only a permitted authority to enforce an optional obedience. In a republic, the foundation of public order is the ever lessening habit of submission inherited from ancestors who, being truly governed, submitted because they had to. There are as many kinds of republics as there are graduations between the despotism whence they came and the anarchy whither they lead.

Data Sources:

  • monarchy: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • monarchy: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • monarchy: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • republic: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • republic: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • republic: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • republic: U.S. Gazetteer (1990)
  • republic: THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993)

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