Median and Mode

Median

In statistics and probability theory, median is described as the numerical value separating the higher half of a sample, a population, or a probability distribution, from the lower half.

median adj 1: relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in an even-numbered set); "the median value of 17, 20, and 36 is 20"; "the median income for the year was $15,000" [syn: {median(a)}, {average}] 2: dividing an animal into right and left halves [syn: {medial}] 3: relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle [syn: {medial}] n : the value below which 50% of the cases fall [syn: {median value}]

72 Moby Thesaurus words for "median": amidships, average, balance, banal, center, centermost, central, common, core, diameter, diaphragm, equator, equatorial, equidistant, generality, golden mean, halfway, happy medium, heart, intercurrent, interior, interjacent, intermediary, intermediate, intervenient, intervening, juste-milieu, kernel, mean, medial, mediocre, mediocrity, mediterranean, medium, mesial, mesne, mezzo, mid, middle, middle course, middle ground, middle point, middle position, middle state, middle-of-the-road, middlemost, middling, midland, midmost, midpoint, midriff, midships, midst, midway, moderate, norm, normal, nuclear, nucleus, ordinary, par, routine, rule, run, standard, thick, thick of things, usual, via media, waist, waistline, zone

Median \Me"di*an\ (m[=e]"d[i^]*an), a. [L. medianus, fr. medius middle. See {Medial}.] 1. Being in the middle; running through the middle; as, a median groove. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo["o]l.) Situated in the middle; lying in a plane dividing a bilateral animal into right and left halves; -- said of unpaired organs and parts; as, median coverts. [1913 Webster] {Median line}. (a) (Anat.) Any line in the mesial plane; specif., either of the lines in which the mesial plane meets the surface of the body. (b) (Geom.) The line drawn from an angle of a triangle to the middle of the opposite side; any line having the nature of a diameter. {Median plane} (Anat.), the mesial plane. {Median point} (Geom.), the point where the three median lines of a triangle mutually intersect. [1913 Webster]

Median \Me"di*an\, n. (Geom.) A median line or point. [1913 Webster]

Mode

mode n 1: how something is done or how it happens; "her dignified manner"; "his rapid manner of talking"; "their nomadic mode of existence"; "in the characteristic New York style"; "a lonely way of life"; "in an abrasive fashion" [syn: {manner}, {style}, {way}, {fashion}] 2: a particular functioning condition or arrangement; "switched from keyboard to voice mode" 3: a classification of propositions on the basis of whether they claim necessity or possibility or impossibility [syn: {modality}] 4: verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker [syn: {mood}, {modality}] 5: any of various fixed orders of the various diatonic notes within an octave [syn: {musical mode}] 6: the most frequent value of a random variable [syn: {modal value}]

187 Moby Thesaurus words for "mode": Aeolian mode, Aristotelian sorites, Dorian mode, Goclenian sorites, Greek modes, Hindu mode, Indian mode, Locrian mode, Lydian mode, MO, Phrygian mode, Platonic form, Platonic idea, SOP, aesthetic form, affectation, algorithm, approach, archetype, art form, attack, authentic mode, bearings, bon ton, build, case, cast, categorical syllogism, chic, circumstance, command of language, complexion, condition, conditional, configuration, conformation, convention, course, craze, cry, custom, cut, dilemma, enthymeme, estate, exaggeration, expression of ideas, fad, fashion, feeling for words, figuration, figure, fix, footing, form, form of speech, format, formation, frame, furore, genre, grace of expression, grandiloquence, guise, haute couture, high fashion, hypoaeolian mode, hypodorian mode, hypoionian mode, hypolocrian mode, hypolydian mode, hypomixolydian mode, hypophrygian mode, imperative, impression, indicative, inflation, inner form, jam, jussive, layout, line, line of action, lines, literary style, location, look, lot, major mode, make, makeup, manner, manner of speaking, manner of working, mannerism, matrix, means, method, methodology, minor mode, mixolydian mode, modality, mode of expression, mode of operation, mode of procedure, model, modus, modus operandi, modus tollens, mold, mood, obligative, octave species, optative, order, paralogism, pass, pattern, peculiarity, permissive, personal style, pickle, place, plagal mode, plight, position, posture, potential, practice, predicament, prevailing taste, procedure, proceeding, process, proper thing, prosyllogism, prototype, pseudosyllogism, raga, rage, rank, rhetoric, routine, rule, rule of deduction, sense of language, set, set-up, shape, significant form, situation, sorites, spot, stamp, standard operating procedure, standing, state, station, status, strain, stream of fashion, structure, style, stylistic analysis, stylistics, subjunctive, swim, syllogism, system, tack, technique, tenor, the drill, the grand style, the how, the plain style, the sublime, the way of, tone, trend, trick, turn, type, vein, vogue, way, wise

mode n. [common] A general state, usually used with an adjective describing the state. Use of the word `mode' rather than `state' implies that the state is extended over time, and probably also that some activity characteristic of that state is being carried out. "No time to hack; I'm in thesis mode." In its jargon sense, `mode' is most often attributed to people, though it is sometimes applied to programs and inanimate objects. In particular, see {hack mode}, {day mode}, {night mode}, {demo mode}, {fireworks mode}, and {yoyo mode}; also {talk mode}. One also often hears the verbs `enable' and `disable' used in connection with jargon modes. Thus, for example, a sillier way of saying "I'm going to crash" is "I'm going to enable crash mode now". One might also hear a request to "disable flame mode, please". In a usage much closer to techspeak, a mode is a special state that certain user interfaces must pass into in order to perform certain functions. For example, in order to insert characters into a document in the Unix editor `vi', one must type the "i" key, which invokes the "Insert" command. The effect of this command is to put vi into "insert mode", in which typing the "i" key has a quite different effect (to wit, it inserts an "i" into the document). One must then hit another special key, "ESC", in order to leave "insert mode". Nowadays, modeful interfaces are generally considered {losing} but survive in quite a few widely used tools built in less enlightened times.

Mode \Mode\ (m[=o]d), n. [L. modus a measure, due or proper measure, bound, manner, form; akin to E. mete: cf. F. mode. See {Mete}, and cf. {Commodious}, {Mood} in grammar, {Modus}.] 1. Manner of doing or being; method; form; fashion; custom; way; style; as, the mode of speaking; the mode of dressing. [1913 Webster] The duty of itself being resolved on, the mode of doing it may easily be found. --Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster] A table richly spread in regal mode. --Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Prevailing popular custom; fashion, especially in the phrase the mode. [1913 Webster] The easy, apathetic graces of a man of the mode. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster] 3. Variety; gradation; degree. --Pope. [1913 Webster] 4. (Metaph.) Any combination of qualities or relations, considered apart from the substance to which they belong, and treated as entities; more generally, condition, or state of being; manner or form of arrangement or manifestation; form, as opposed to {matter}. [1913 Webster] Modes I call such complex ideas, which, however compounded, contain not in them the supposition of subsisting by themselves, but are considered as dependencies on, or affections of, substances. --Locke. [1913 Webster] 5. (Logic) The form in which the proposition connects the predicate and subject, whether by simple, contingent, or necessary assertion; the form of the syllogism, as determined by the quantity and quality of the constituent proposition; mood. [1913 Webster] 6. (Gram.) Same as {Mood}. [1913 Webster] 7. (Mus.) The scale as affected by the various positions in it of the minor intervals; as, the Dorian mode, the Ionic mode, etc., of ancient Greek music. [1913 Webster] Note: In modern music, only the major and the minor mode, of whatever key, are recognized. [1913 Webster] 8. A kind of silk. See {Alamode}, n. [1913 Webster] 9. (Gram.) the value of the variable in a frequency distribution or probability distribution, at which the probability or frequency has a maximum. The maximum may be local or global. Distributions with only one such maximum are called {unimodal}; with two maxima, {bimodal}, and with more than two, {multimodal}. [PJC] Syn: Method; manner. See {Method}. [1913 Webster] [1913 Webster]

mode 1. A general state, usually used with an adjective describing the state. Use of the word "mode" rather than "state" implies that the state is extended over time, and probably also that some activity characteristic of that state is being carried out. "No time to hack; I'm in thesis mode." In its jargon sense, "mode" is most often attributed to people, though it is sometimes applied to programs and inanimate objects. In particular, see {hack mode}, {day mode}, {night mode}, {demo mode}, {fireworks mode}, and {yoyo mode}; also {chat}. 2. More technically, a mode is a special state that certain user interfaces must pass into in order to perform certain functions. For example, in order to insert characters into a document in the Unix editor "vi", one must type the "i" key, which invokes the "Insert" command. The effect of this command is to put vi into "insert mode", in which typing the "i" key has a quite different effect (to wit, it inserts an "i" into the document). One must then hit another special key, "ESC", in order to leave "insert mode". Nowadays, modeful interfaces are generally considered {losing} but survive in quite a few widely used tools built in less enlightened times. [{Jargon File}] (1994-12-22)

Mode An {object-oriented language}. ["The Programming Language Mode: Language Definition and User Guide", J. Vihavainen, C-1987-50, U Helsinki, 1987]. [{Jargon File}] (1994-10-21)

Data Sources:

  • median: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • median: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • median: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • median: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • mode: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • mode: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • mode: Jargon File (4.3.1, 29 Jun 2001)
  • mode: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • mode: The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03)
  • mode: The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03)

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