Malpractice and Negligence

Malpractice

In law, malpractice is a type of negligence in which the professional under a duty to act fails to follow generally accepted professional standards, and that breach of duty is the proximate cause of injury to a plaintiff who suffers harm.

malpractice n 1: professional wrongdoing that results in injury or damage; "the widow sued his surgeon for malpractice" 2: a wrongful act that the actor had no right to do; improper professional conduct; "he charged them with electoral malpractices"

64 Moby Thesaurus words for "malpractice": abuse, abuse of office, bad policy, befoulment, conversion, corrupt administration, crime, criminal tendency, criminality, criminosis, debasement, defalcation, defilement, desecration, diversion, embezzlement, evil courses, evildoing, feloniousness, fouling, impolicy, inexpedience, inexpediency, lawbreaking, maladministration, malfeasance, malversation, misadministration, misapplication, misappropriation, misconduct, misdemeanor, misdirection, misdoing, misemployment, misfeasance, misgovernment, misguidance, mishandling, mismanagement, misprision, misprision of treason, misrule, misusage, misuse, neglect, negligence, nonfeasance, omission, peculation, perversion, pilfering, pollution, poor stewardship, positive misprision, profanation, prostitution, sin, thou scarlet sin, vice, viciousness, violation, wrong conduct, wrongdoing

Malpractice \Mal*prac"tice\, n. [Mal- + practice.] Evil practice; illegal or immoral conduct; practice contrary to established rules; specifically, the treatment of a case by a surgeon or physician in a manner which is contrary to accepted rules and productive of unfavorable results. [Written also {malepractice}.] [1913 Webster]

Negligence

Negligence (Lat. negligentia, from neglegere, to neglect, literally "not to pick up something") is a failure to exercise the care that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in like circumstances.

negligence n 1: failure to act with the prudence that a reasonable person would exercise under the same circumstances [syn: {carelessness}, {neglect}, {nonperformance}] 2: the trait of neglecting responsibilities and lacking concern [syn: {neglect}, {neglectfulness}]

170 Moby Thesaurus words for "negligence": absentmindedness, accidia, acedia, allowance, apathy, approximation, ataraxia, ataraxy, bad policy, blowziness, carelessness, casualness, chintziness, culpa, culpable negligence, default, delinquency, dereliction, detachment, deviation, disconformity, disinterest, dispassion, disregard, disregardfulness, distraction, dowdiness, easiness, easygoingness, failing, failure, fecklessness, flightiness, flippancy, forgetfulness, frivolousness, frowziness, frumpishness, giddiness, grubbiness, hastiness, heedlessness, impolicy, impotence, imprecision, improvidence, inaccuracy, inaccurateness, inadvertence, inadvertency, inattention, inattentiveness, inconsideration, incorrectness, incuriosity, indifference, indiscrimination, inexactitude, inexactness, inexcitability, inexpedience, inexpediency, inobservance, insouciance, laches, lack of affect, lackadaisicalness, laissez-faire, lapse, lax stewardship, laxity, laxness, leniency, levity, lightmindedness, listlessness, looseness, loosening, maladministration, malfeasance, malpractice, messiness, mindlessness, misadministration, misconduct, misdirection, misfeasance, misgovernment, misguidance, mishandling, mismanagement, misrule, neglect, neglectfulness, nonadherence, nonchalance, noncompliance, nonconformance, nonconformity, nonfeasance, nonfulfillment, noninterference, nonobservance, nonperformance, nonrestriction, obliviousness, omission, oscitancy, overindulgence, overlooking, overpermissiveness, oversight, permissiveness, pococurantism, poor husbandry, poor stewardship, predictable error, probable error, procrastination, recklessness, regardlessness, relaxation, relaxedness, remissness, seediness, shabbiness, shallowness, shiftlessness, shoddiness, slackness, slatternliness, slight, slipshodness, sloppiness, sloth, slovenliness, slovenry, sluttishness, softness, sordidness, squalidness, squalor, standard deviation, superficiality, tackiness, tawdriness, thoughtlessness, thriftlessness, tolerance, unalertness, unanxiousness, unawareness, unconcern, unconsciousness, uncorrectness, unfactualness, unheedfulness, unintentiveness, unmindfulness, unneatness, unobservance, unpreciseness, unrestraint, unrigorousness, unsolicitousness, untidiness, unwariness, unwatchfulness, weakness, wrongdoing

Negligence \Neg"li*gence\, n. [F. n['e]gligence, L. negligentia.] The quality or state of being negligent; lack of due diligence or care; omission of duty; habitual neglect; heedlessness. [1913 Webster] 2. An act or instance of negligence or carelessness. [1913 Webster] remarking his beauties, . . . I must also point out his negligences and defects. --Blair. [1913 Webster] 3. (Law) The omission of the care usual under the circumstances, being convertible with the Roman {culpa}. A specialist is bound to higher skill and diligence in his specialty than one who is not a specialist, and liability for negligence varies acordingly. [1913 Webster] {Contributory negligence}. See under {Contributory}. [1913 Webster] Syn: Neglect; inattention; heedlessness; disregard; slight. Usage: {Negligence}, {Neglect}. These two words are freely interchanged in our older writers; but a distinction has gradually sprung up between them. As now generally used, negligence is the habit, and neglect the act, of leaving things undone or unattended to. We are negligent as a general trait of character; we are guilty of neglect in particular cases, or in reference to individuals who had a right to our attentions. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • malpractice: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • malpractice: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • malpractice: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • negligence: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • negligence: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • negligence: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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