Latin and Spanish

Latin

Latin (; Latin: ; ) is an ancient language originally spoken in Latium and Ancient Rome. Along with most European languages, it is a descendant of the ancient Proto-Indo-European language.

Latin adj 1: of or relating to the ancient Latins or the Latin language; "Latin verb conjugations" 2: having or resembling the psychology or temper characteristic of people of Latin America; "very Latin in temperament"; "a Latin disdain"; "his hot Latin blood" 3: relating to people or countries speaking Romance languages; "Latin America" 4: relating to languages derived from Latin; "Romance languages" [syn: {Romance}] 5: of or relating to the ancient region of Latium; "Latin towns" n 1: any dialect of the language of ancient Rome 2: an inhabitant of ancient Latium 3: a person who is a member of those peoples whose languages derived from Latin

Latin \Lat"in\, v. t. To write or speak in Latin; to turn or render into Latin. [Obs.] --Fuller. [1913 Webster]

Latin \Lat"in\, a. [F., fr. L. Latinus belonging to Latium, Latin, fr. Latium a country of Italy, in which Rome was situated. Cf. {Ladin}, Lateen sail, under {Lateen}.] 1. Of or pertaining to Latium, or to the Latins, a people of Latium; Roman; as, the Latin language. [1913 Webster] 2. Of, pertaining to, or composed in, the language used by the Romans or Latins; as, a Latin grammar; a Latin composition or idiom. [1913 Webster] {Latin Church} (Eccl. Hist.), the Western or Roman Catholic Church, as distinct from the Greek or Eastern Church. {Latin cross}. See Illust. 1 of {Cross}. {Latin races}, a designation sometimes loosely given to certain nations, esp. the French, Spanish, and Italians, who speak languages principally derived from Latin. {Latin Union}, an association of states, originally comprising France, Belgium, Switzerland, and Italy, which, in 1865, entered into a monetary agreement, providing for an identity in the weight and fineness of the gold and silver coins of those countries, and for the amounts of each kind of coinage by each. Greece, Servia, Roumania, and Spain subsequently joined the Union. [1913 Webster]

Latin \Lat"in\, n. 1. A native or inhabitant of Latium; a Roman. [1913 Webster] 2. The language of the ancient Romans. [1913 Webster] 3. An exercise in schools, consisting in turning English into Latin. [Obs.] --Ascham. [1913 Webster] 4. (Eccl.) A member of the Roman Catholic Church. [1913 Webster] {Dog Latin}, barbarous Latin; a jargon in imitation of Latin; as, the log Latin of schoolboys. {Late Latin}, {Low Latin}, terms used indifferently to designate the latest stages of the Latin language; low Latin (and, perhaps, late Latin also), including the barbarous coinages from the French, German, and other languages into a Latin form made after the Latin had become a dead language for the people. {Law Latin}, that kind of late, or low, Latin, used in statutes and legal instruments; -- often barbarous. [1913 Webster]

Latin the vernacular language of the ancient Romans (John 19:20).

Spanish

Spanish (), also called Castilian ( ), is a Romance language that originated in Castile, a region in Spain.

Spanish adj : of or relating to or characteristic of Spain or the people of Spain; "Spanish music" n 1: the Romance language spoken in most of Spain and the countries colonized by Spain 2: the people of Spain [syn: {Spanish people}]

Spanish \Span"ish\, n. The language of Spain. [1913 Webster]

Spanish \Span"ish\, a. Of or pertaining to Spain or the Spaniards. [1913 Webster] {Spanish bayonet} (Bot.), a liliaceous plant ({Yucca alorifolia}) with rigid spine-tipped leaves. The name is also applied to other similar plants of the Southwestern United States and mexico. Called also {Spanish daggers}. {Spanish bean} (Bot.) See the Note under {Bean}. {Spanish black}, a black pigment obtained by charring cork. --Ure. {Spanish broom} (Bot.), a leguminous shrub ({Spartium junceum}) having many green flexible rushlike twigs. {Spanish brown}, a species of earth used in painting, having a dark reddish brown color, due to the presence of sesquioxide of iron. {Spanish buckeye} (Bot.), a small tree ({Ungnadia speciosa}) of Texas, New Mexico, etc., related to the buckeye, but having pinnate leaves and a three-seeded fruit. {Spanish burton} (Naut.), a purchase composed of two single blocks. A {double Spanish burton} has one double and two single blocks. --Luce (Textbook of Seamanship). {Spanish chalk} (Min.), a kind of steatite; -- so called because obtained from Aragon in Spain. {Spanish cress} (Bot.), a cruciferous plant ({Lepidium Cadamines}), a species of peppergrass. {Spanish curlew} (Zo["o]l.), the long-billed curlew. [U.S.] {Spanish daggers} (Bot.) See {Spanish bayonet}. {Spanish elm} (Bot.), a large West Indian tree ({Cordia Gerascanthus}) furnishing hard and useful timber. {Spanish feretto}, a rich reddish brown pigment obtained by calcining copper and sulphur together in closed crucibles. {Spanish flag} (Zo["o]l.), the California rockfish ({Sebastichthys rubrivinctus}). It is conspicuously colored with bands of red and white. {Spanish fly} (Zo["o]l.), a brilliant green beetle, common in the south of Europe, used for raising blisters. See {Blister beetle} under {Blister}, and {Cantharis}. {Spanish fox} (Naut.), a yarn twisted against its lay. {Spanish grass}. (Bot.) See {Esparto}. {Spanish juice} (Bot.), licorice. {Spanish leather}. See {Cordwain}. {Spanish mackerel}. (Zo["o]l.) (a) A species of mackerel ({Scomber colias}) found both in Europe and America. In America called {chub mackerel}, {big-eyed mackerel}, and {bull mackerel}. (b) In the United States, a handsome mackerel having bright yellow round spots ({Scomberomorus maculatus}), highly esteemed as a food fish. The name is sometimes erroneously applied to other species. See Illust. under Mackerel. {Spanish main}, the name formerly given to the southern portion of the Caribbean Sea, together with the contiguous coast, embracing the route traversed by Spanish treasure ships from the New to the Old World. {Spanish moss}. (Bot.) See {Tillandsia} (and note at that entry). {Spanish needles} (Bot.), a composite weed ({Bidens bipinnata}) having achenia armed with needlelike awns. {Spanish nut} (Bot.), a bulbous plant ({Iris Sisyrinchium}) of the south of Europe. {Spanish potato} (Bot.), the sweet potato. See under {Potato}. {Spanish red}, an ocherous red pigment resembling Venetian red, but slightly yellower and warmer. --Fairholt. {Spanish reef} (Naut.), a knot tied in the head of a jib-headed sail. {Spanish sheep} (Zo["o]l.), a merino. {Spanish white}, an impalpable powder prepared from chalk by pulverizing and repeated washings, -- used as a white pigment. {Spanish windlass} (Naut.), a wooden roller, with a rope wound about it, into which a marline spike is thrust to serve as a lever. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • latin: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • latin: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • latin: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • latin: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • latin: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
  • spanish: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • spanish: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • spanish: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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