Judaism and Zionism

Judaism

Judaism (from the Latin Iudaismus, derived from the Greek Ioudaïsmos, and ultimately from the Hebrew יהודה, Yehudah, "Judah"; in Hebrew: יַהֲדוּת, Yahadut, the distinctive characteristics of the Judean ethnos) is the religion, philosophy, and way of life of the Jewish people.

Judaism n 1: Jews collectively who practice a religion based on the Torah and the Talmud [syn: {Hebraism}, {Jewish religion}] 2: the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud

Judaism \Ju"da*ism\, prop. n. [L. Juda["i]smus: cf. F. juda["i]sme.] 1. The religious doctrines and rites of the Jews as enjoined in the laws of Moses, and for many adherents, in the Talmud. --J. S. Mill. [1913 Webster] 2. Conformity to the Jewish rites and ceremonies; the practise of Judaism[1]. [1913 Webster] 3. The adherents of Judaism[1] collectively; jewry. [PJC]

Zionism

Zionism (, Tsiyonut) is a form of nationalism of Jews and Jewish culture that supports a Jewish nation state in territory defined as the Land of Israel.

Zionism n 1: a policy for establishing and developing a national homeland for Jews in Palestine 2: a movement of world Jewry that arose late in the 19th century with the aim of creating a Jewish state in Palestine [syn: {Zionist movement}]

Zionism \Zi"on*ism\, n. [Zion + -ism.] Among the Jews, a theory, plan, or movement for colonizing their own race in Palestine, the land of Zion, or, if that is impracticable, elsewhere, either for religious or nationalizing purposes; -- called also {Zion movement}. -- {Zi"on*ist}, n. -- {Zi`on*is"tic}, a. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Data Sources:

  • judaism: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • judaism: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • zionism: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • zionism: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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