Jail and Prison

Jail

A prison (from Old French prisoun) is a place in which people are physically confined and usually deprived of a range of personal freedoms.

jail n : a correctional institution used to detain persons who are in the lawful custody of the government (either accused persons awaiting trial or convicted persons serving a sentence) [syn: {jailhouse}, {gaol}, {clink}, {slammer}] v : lock up or confine, in or as in a jail; "The suspects were imprisoned without trial"; "the murderer was incarcerated for the rest of his life" [syn: {imprison}, {incarcerate}, {lag}, {immure}, {put behind bars}, {jug}, {gaol}, {put away}, {remand}]

126 Moby Thesaurus words for "jail": POW camp, bastille, beleaguer, beset, besiege, big house, black hole, blockade, bolt in, borstal, borstal institution, bound, box in, bridewell, brig, bucket, caboose, cage, calaboose, can, cast in prison, cell, chamber, chokey, clap in jail, clap up, clink, close in, college, compass, concentration camp, condemned cell, confine, constrain, contain, cooler, coop, coop in, coop up, cordon, cordon off, corral, death cell, death house, death row, detain, detention camp, encircle, enclose, encompass, enshrine, federal prison, fence in, forced-labor camp, freezer, gaol, guardhouse, guardroom, hedge in, hem in, hold captive, hold in captivity, hold prisoner, hoosegow, house in, house of correction, house of detention, immure, impound, imprison, incarcerate, include, industrial school, intern, internment camp, jailhouse, jug, keep, kennel, labor camp, leaguer, lock in, lock up, lockup, maximum-security prison, mew, mew up, minimum-security prison, nick, oubliette, pen, pen in, penal colony, penal institution, penal settlement, penitentiary, pocket, pokey, prison, prison camp, prisonhouse, quarantine, quod, rail in, reform school, reformatory, rock pile, send down, shrine, shut in, shut up, slammer, sponging house, stable, state prison, stir, stockade, surround, the hole, throw into jail, tollbooth, training school, wall in, wrap, yard, yard up

Jail \Jail\ (j[=a]l), n. [OE. jaile, gail, gayhol, OF. gaole, gaiole, jaiole, F. ge[^o]le, LL. gabiola, dim. of gabia cage, for L. cavea cavity, cage. See {Cage}.] A kind of prison; a building for the confinement of persons held in lawful custody, especially for minor offenses or with reference to some future judicial proceeding. [Written also {gaol}.] [1913 Webster] This jail I count the house of liberty. --Milton. [1913 Webster] {Jail delivery}, the release of prisoners from jail, either legally or by violence. {Jail delivery commission}. See under {Gaol}. {Jail fever} (Med.), typhus fever, or a disease resembling it, generated in jails and other places crowded with people; -- called also {hospital fever}, and {ship fever}. {Jail liberties}, or {Jail limits}, a space or district around a jail within which an imprisoned debtor was, on certain conditions, allowed to go at large. --Abbott. {Jail lock}, a peculiar form of padlock; -- called also {Scandinavian lock}. [1913 Webster]

Jail \Jail\, v. t. To imprison. [R.] --T. Adams (1614). [1913 Webster] [Bolts] that jail you from free life. --Tennyson. [1913 Webster]

Gaol \Gaol\ (j[=a]l), n. [See {Jail}.] A place of confinement, especially for minor offenses or provisional imprisonment; a jail. [Preferably, and in the United States usually, written {jail}.] [1913 Webster] {Commission of general gaol delivery}, an authority conferred upon judges and others included in it, for trying and delivering every prisoner in jail when the judges, upon their circuit, arrive at the place for holding court, and for discharging any whom the grand jury fail to indict. [Eng.] {Gaol delivery}. (Law) See {Jail delivery}, under {Jail}. [1913 Webster]

Prison

A prison (from Old French prisoun) is a place in which people are physically confined and usually deprived of a range of personal freedoms.

prison n 1: a correctional institution where persons are confined while on trial or for punishment [syn: {prison house}] 2: a prisonlike situation; a place of seeming confinement [syn: {prison house}]

67 Moby Thesaurus words for "prison": POW camp, bastille, big house, black hole, borstal, borstal institution, bridewell, brig, calaboose, can, cell, chokey, clink, concentration camp, condemned cell, confine, confinement, constrain, cooler, death cell, death house, death row, detention, detention camp, dungeon, federal prison, forced-labor camp, gaol, glasshouse, guardhouse, hoosegow, house of correction, house of detention, immure, incarcerate, industrial school, intern, internment camp, jail, jailhouse, jug, keep, labor camp, lockup, maximum-security prison, minimum-security prison, oubliette, pen, penal colony, penal institution, penal settlement, penitentiary, pokey, poky, prison camp, prisonhouse, quod, reform school, reformatory, slammer, sponging house, state prison, stir, stockade, the hole, tollbooth, training school

Prison \Pris"on\ (?; 277), n. [F., fr. L. prehensio, prensio, a seizing, arresting, fr. prehendre, prendere, to lay hold of, to seize. See {Prehensile}, and cf. {Prize}, n., {Misprision}.] 1. A place where persons are confined, or restrained of personal liberty; hence, a place or state o? confinement, restraint, or safe custody. [1913 Webster] Bring my soul out of prison, that I may praise thy name. --Ps. cxlii. 7. [1913 Webster] The tyrant [AE]olus, . . . With power imperial, curbs the struggling winds, And sounding tempests in dark prisons binds. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2. Specifically, a building for the safe custody or confinement of criminals and others committed by lawful authority. [1913 Webster] {Prison bars}, or {Prison base}. See {Base}, n., 24. {Prison breach}. (Law) See Note under 3d {Escape}, n., 4. {Prison house}, a prison. --Shak. {Prison ship} (Naut.), a ship fitted up for the confinement of prisoners. {Prison van}, a carriage in which prisoners are conveyed to and from prison. [1913 Webster]

Prison \Pris"on\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Prisoned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Prisoning}.] 1. To imprison; to shut up in, or as in, a prison; to confine; to restrain from liberty. [1913 Webster] The prisoned eagle dies for rage. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster] His true respect will prison false desire. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. To bind (together); to enchain. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Sir William Crispyn with the duke was led Together prisoned. --Robert of Brunne. [1913 Webster]

Prison The first occasion on which we read of a prison is in the history of Joseph in Egypt. Then Potiphar, "Joseph's master, took him, and put him into the prison, a place where the king's prisoners were bound" (Gen. 39:20-23). The Heb. word here used (sohar) means properly a round tower or fortress. It seems to have been a part of Potiphar's house, a place in which state prisoners were kept. The Mosaic law made no provision for imprisonment as a punishment. In the wilderness two persons were "put in ward" (Lev. 24:12; Num. 15:34), but it was only till the mind of God concerning them should be ascertained. Prisons and prisoners are mentioned in the book of Psalms (69:33; 79:11; 142:7). Samson was confined in a Philistine prison (Judg. 16:21, 25). In the subsequent history of Israel frequent references are made to prisons (1 Kings 22:27; 2 Kings 17:4; 25:27, 29; 2 Chr. 16:10; Isa. 42:7; Jer. 32:2). Prisons seem to have been common in New Testament times (Matt. 11:2; 25:36, 43). The apostles were put into the "common prison" at the instance of the Jewish council (Acts 5:18, 23; 8:3); and at Philippi Paul and Silas were thrust into the "inner prison" (16:24; comp. 4:3; 12:4, 5).

PRISON, n. A place of punishments and rewards. The poet assures us that -- "Stone walls do not a prison make," but a combination of the stone wall, the political parasite and the moral instructor is no garden of sweets.

Data Sources:

  • jail: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • jail: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • jail: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • jail: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • jail: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • prison: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • prison: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • prison: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • prison: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • prison: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
  • prison: THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993)

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