Let's Compare Inflammation and Swelling


Inflammation (Latin, , "I ignite, set alight") is part of the complex biological response of vascular tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants.

inflammation n 1: a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat [syn: {redness}, {rubor}] 2: the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up; "his face was flushed with excitement and his hands trembled"; "he tried to calm those who were in a state of extreme inflammation" [syn: {excitement}, {excitation}, {fervor}, {fervour}] 3: arousal to violent emotion [syn: {inflaming}] 4: the act of setting on fire or catching fire [syn: {ignition}, {firing}, {lighting}, {kindling}]

250 Moby Thesaurus words for "inflammation": abscess, adenoiditis, adrenitis, aggravation, agitation, ague, algesia, anemia, animation, ankylosis, anoxia, apnea, appendicitis, arousal, arousing, arteritis, arthritis deformans, arthritis fungosa, arthritis pauperum, asphyxiation, asthma, ataxia, atrophic arthritis, atrophic inflammation, atrophy, backache, bleeding, blennorhea, blennorrhagic arthritis, brain fever, bronchitis, bunion, bursitis, cachexia, cachexy, capillaritis, carditis, catarrh, catarrhal inflammation, cerebellitis, cerebral meningitis, cerebritis, cerebrospinal meningitis, chill, chills, chronic infectious arthritis, chronic inflammation, cirrhotic inflammation, climactic arthritis, clitoritis, colic, colitis, collagen disease, conjunctivitis, constipation, convulsion, coughing, cyanosis, cystitis, degenerative arthritis, diarrhea, diffuse inflammation, dizziness, dropsy, dysentery, dyspepsia, dyspnea, edema, electrification, emaciation, encephalitis, endocarditis, enteritis, equine encephalomyelitis, exacerbation, exasperation, excitation, excitement, exhilaration, exudative inflammation, fainting, fatigue, festering, fever, fibrillation, fibroid inflammation, firing, flammation, flux, focal inflammation, fomentation, galvanization, gastritis, gingivitis, glossitis, gonococcal arthritis, gonorrheal arthritis, gonorrheal rheumatism, gout, gouty arthritis, growth, hemophilic arthritis, hemorrhage, hepatitis, high blood pressure, hydrops, hyperplastic inflammation, hypertension, hypertrophic arthritis, hypertrophic inflammation, hypotension, icterus, ignition, incitation, incitement, indigestion, infection, infectional arthritis, infectious hepatitis, infuriation, insomnia, instigation, irritable bowel syndrome, irritation, itching, jaundice, kindling, labored breathing, laryngitis, lathering up, lighting, lighting up, low blood pressure, lumbago, lumbar rheumatism, marasmus, mastoiditis, meningitis, menopausal arthritis, metastatic inflammation, metritis, milk leg, mucous colitis, mumps meningitis, myelitis, nasal discharge, nausea, necrosis, necrotic inflammation, nephritis, neuritis, obliterative inflammation, ophthalitis, ophthalmia, orchitis, osseous rheumatism, osteitis, osteoarthritis, osteomyelitis, otitis, ovaritis, pain, paradental pyorrhea, paralysis, penitis, pep rally, pep talk, pericarditis, periodontitis, peritonitis, perturbation, pharyngitis, phlebitis, podagra, proliferative arthritis, prostatitis, provocation, pruritus, pyonephritis, pyorrhea, pyorrhea alveolaris, rabble-rousing, rankling, rash, reactive inflammation, redness, rheum, rheumatism, rheumatiz, rheumatoid arthritis, rhinitis, sclerosing inflammation, sclerosis, seizure, sensitiveness, seroplastic inflammation, serous inflammation, serum hepatitis, shock, simple inflammation, sinusitis, skin eruption, sneezing, sore, sore spot, soreness, spasm, spastic colon, specific inflammation, steaming up, stimulation, stimulus, stirring, stirring up, stirring-up, subacute rheumatism, suppurative arthritis, suppurative inflammation, swelling, syphilitic arthritis, tabes, tachycardia, tenderness, tennis elbow, testitis, thrombophlebitis, tonsilitis, torticollis, toxic inflammation, traumatic inflammation, tuberculous arthritis, tuberculous rheumatism, tumor, ulcerative colitis, upset stomach, uratic arthritis, ureteritis, urethral arthritis, urethritis, uteritis, vaginitis, vertebral arthritis, vertigo, visceral rheumatism, vomiting, vulvitis, wasting, whipping up, working up, wryneck

Inflammation \In*flam*ma"tion\ ([i^]n*fl[a^]m*m[=a]"sh[u^]n), n. [L. inflammatio: cf. F. inflammation. See {Inflame}.] 1. The act of inflaming, kindling, or setting on fire; also, the state of being inflamed. ``The inflammation of fat.'' --Wilkins. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) A morbid condition of any part of the body, consisting in congestion of the blood vessels, with obstruction of the blood current, and growth of morbid tissue. It is manifested outwardly by redness and swelling, attended with tenderness, heat and pain. It may be caused by exposure to any number of injurious agents. [1913 Webster +PJC] 3. Violent excitement; heat; passion; animosity; turbulence; as, an inflammation of the mind, of the body politic, or of parties. --Hooker. [1913 Webster]


Swelling (medical) is the enlargement of tissue.

swelling adj : becoming puffy as from internal bleeding or accumulation of other fluids; "put ice on the swelling ankle" n 1: abnormal protuberance or localized enlargement [syn: {puffiness}, {lump}] 2: the swelling of certain substances when they are heated (often accompanied by release of water) [syn: {intumescence}, {intumescency}]

233 Moby Thesaurus words for "swelling": abscess, access, accession, accretion, accrual, accruement, accumulation, addition, advance, aggrandizement, amplification, aposteme, appreciation, ascent, augmentation, aureate, bagging, baggy, ballooning, bed sore, bellying, billowing, billowy, blain, bleb, blister, bloat, bloated, bloatedness, bloating, blowing up, boil, bombastic, boom, boost, bosomy, breaking point, broadening, bubo, buildup, bulbose, bulbous, bulge, bulging, bulla, bump, bumped, bumpy, bunched, bunchy, bunion, canker, canker sore, carbuncle, chancre, chancroid, chilblain, cold sore, corn, crescendo, crescendoing, crescent, cyst, development, diastole, dilatation, dilation, distended, distension, dropsy, edema, elevation, enlargement, eschar, euphuistic, excrescence, expanding, expansion, extension, extreme tension, felon, fester, festering, fever blister, fistula, flatulence, flatulency, flatulent, flatus, flood, flowery, fullness, furuncle, furunculus, fustian, gain, gassiness, gassy, gathering, grandiloquent, greatening, growing, growth, gumboil, gush, hemorrhoids, hike, hillocky, hummocky, increase, increasing, increment, incremental, inflated, inflation, intensifying, intensity, intumescence, jump, kibe, leap, lengthening, lesion, loudishness, loudness, lump, magniloquent, meteorism, mounting, mouthy, moutonnee, multiplication, multiplying, node, nodule, on the increase, overdistension, overdrawing, overexpansion, overextension, overstrain, overstraining, overstretching, papula, papule, paronychia, parulis, petechia, piles, pimple, pneumatic, pock, polyp, potbellied, pouching, productiveness, proliferating, proliferation, prominence, protrusion, protuberance, puff, puffiness, puffing, pustule, raise, rise, rising, rounded, scab, sebaceous cyst, snapping point, snowballing, soft chancre, sonority, sonorousness, sore, spread, spreading, stigma, strain, straining, stretch, stretching, sty, suppuration, surge, surge of sound, swell, swellage, swollen, swollenness, tension, tightening, tubercle, tumefaction, tumescence, tumescent, tumid, tumidity, tumidness, tumor, turgescence, turgescency, turgescent, turgid, turgidity, turgidness, tympanism, tympany, ulcer, ulceration, up, upping, upsurge, upswing, uptrend, upturn, verrucated, verrucose, volume, wale, warty, waxing, welt, wen, wheal, whelk, whitlow, widening, windiness, windy, wound

Swelling \Swell"ing\, n. 1. The act of that which swells; as, the swelling of rivers in spring; the swelling of the breast with pride. [1913 Webster] Rise to the swelling of the voiceless sea. --Coleridge. [1913 Webster] 2. A protuberance; a prominence; especially (Med.), an unnatural prominence or protuberance; as, a scrofulous swelling. [1913 Webster] The superficies of such plates are not even, but have many cavities and swellings. --Sir I. Newton. [1913 Webster]

Swell \Swell\, v. i. [imp. {Swelled}; p. p. {Swelled} or {Swollen}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Swelling}.] [AS. swellan; akin to D. zwellen, OS. & OHG. swellan, G. schwellen, Icel. svella, Sw. sv["a]lla.] 1. To grow larger; to dilate or extend the exterior surface or dimensions, by matter added within, or by expansion of the inclosed substance; as, the legs swell in dropsy; a bruised part swells; a bladder swells by inflation. [1913 Webster] 2. To increase in size or extent by any addition; to increase in volume or force; as, a river swells, and overflows its banks; sounds swell or diminish. [1913 Webster] 3. To rise or be driven into waves or billows; to heave; as, in tempest, the ocean swells into waves. [1913 Webster] 4. To be puffed up or bloated; as, to swell with pride. [1913 Webster] You swell at the tartan, as the bull is said to do at scarlet. --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster] 5. To be inflated; to belly; as, the sails swell. [1913 Webster] 6. To be turgid, bombastic, or extravagant; as, swelling words; a swelling style. [1913 Webster] 7. To protuberate; to bulge out; as, a cask swells in the middle. [1913 Webster] 8. To be elated; to rise arrogantly. [1913 Webster] Your equal mind yet swells not into state. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 9. To grow upon the view; to become larger; to expand. ``Monarchs to behold the swelling scene!'' --Shak. [1913 Webster] 10. To become larger in amount; as, many little debts added, swell to a great amount. [1913 Webster] 11. To act in a pompous, ostentatious, or arrogant manner; to strut; to look big. [1913 Webster] Here he comes, swelling like a turkey cock. --Shak. [1913 Webster]

Swelling of Jordan (Jer. 12:5), literally the "pride" of Jordan (as in R.V.), i.e., the luxuriant thickets of tamarisks, poplars, reeds, etc., which were the lair of lions and other beasts of prey. The reference is not to the overflowing of the river banks. (Comp. 49:19; 50:44; Zech. 11:3).

Data Sources:

  • inflammation: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • inflammation: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • inflammation: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • swelling: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • swelling: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • swelling: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • swelling: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • swelling: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary

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Your Comparisons - Inflammation And Swelling