Hinduism and Jainism

Hinduism

Hinduism is the dominant religion of the Indian subcontinent, particularly of India and Nepal. Hinduism includes Shaivism, Vaishnavism and Shrauta among numerous other traditions.

Hinduism n 1: the predominant religion of India; characterized by a caste system and belief in reincarnation [syn: {Hindooism}] 2: a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme beingof many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils [syn: {Hindooism}]

Hinduism \Hinduism\ n. 1. the dominant religion of India; characterized by a caste system anud belief in reincarnation. Syn: Hindooism. [WordNet 1.5] 2. a complex of beliefs and values and customs including worship of many gods, especially the Trimurti composed of Brahma the Creator; Vishnu the preserver; and Shiva the destroyer. Syn: Hindooism. [WordNet 1.5]

Hindooism \Hin"doo*ism\, Hinduism \Hin"du*ism\, n. The religious doctrines and rites of the Hindus; Brahmanism.

Jainism

Jainism , traditionally known as Jaina dharma, is an Indian religion that prescribes a path of non-violence towards all living beings and emphasises spiritual independence and equality between all forms of life.

Jainism n 1: sect founded in the 6th century BC as a revolt against Hinduism 2: religion founded in the 6th century BC as a revolt against Hinduism; emphasizes asceticism and immortality and transmigration of the soul; denies existence of a perfect or supreme being

Jainism \Jain"ism\, n. The heterodox Hindu religion, founded in the 6th century as a revolt against Hinduism; its most striking features are the exaltation of saints or holy mortals, called jins, above the ordinary Hindu gods, and the denial of a supreme being and of the divine origin and infallibility of the Vedas. Also, the sect comprising those adhering to Jainism. Jainism believes in immortality and the transmigration of the soul. It is intermediate between Brahmanism and Buddhism, having some things in common with each. [1913 Webster + WordNet 1.5]

Data Sources:

  • hinduism: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • hinduism: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • hinduism: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • jainism: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • jainism: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

Currently unrated



Your Comparisons - Hinduism And Jainism