Heathen and Pagan

Heathen

Pagan religions (also Paganism) refers to a group of historical polytheistic religious traditions—primarily those of cultures known to the classical world.

heathen adj : not acknowledging the God of Christianity and Judaism and Islam [syn: {heathenish}, {pagan}, {ethnic}] n : a person who does not acknowledge your God [syn: {pagan}, {gentile}, {infidel}]

93 Moby Thesaurus words for "heathen": Gothic, Philistine, agnostic, allotheist, allotheistic, animist, animistic, atheist, atheistic, barbarian, barbaric, barbarous, bibliolatrous, bookless, chthonian, deceived, disbeliever, disbelieving, doubting, ethnic, faithless, fetishistic, functionally illiterate, gentile, godless, grammarless, heathenish, heretic, heretical, hoodwinked, idol worshiping, idolater, idolatress, idolatric, idolatrical, idolatrous, idolistic, ill-educated, illiterate, infidel, infidelic, irreligious, led astray, lowbrow, minimifidian, misinformed, misinstructed, mistaught, nonbeliever, nonintellectual, nullifidian, pagan, paganish, paganistic, pagano-Christian, pantheistic, polytheist, polytheistic, primitive, profane, rude, savage, sceptic, sceptical, secularist, unbeliever, unbelieving, unbooked, unbookish, unbooklearned, unbriefed, unchristian, uncivilized, uncultivated, uncultured, unedified, uneducated, unenlightened, unerudite, unguided, uninstructed, unintellectual, unlearned, unlettered, unliterary, unread, unrefined, unscholarly, unschooled, unstudious, untaught, untutored, zoolatrous

Heathen \Hea"then\ (h[=e]"[th]'n), a. 1. Gentile; pagan; as, a heathen author. ``The heathen philosopher.'' ``All in gold, like heathen gods.'' --Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. Barbarous; unenlightened; heathenish. [1913 Webster] 3. Irreligious; scoffing. [1913 Webster]

Heathen \Hea"then\ (h[=e]"[th]'n; 277), n.; pl. {Heathens} (-[th]'nz) or collectively {Heathen}. [OE. hethen, AS. h[=ae][eth]en, prop. an adj. fr. h[=ae][eth] heath, and orig., therefore, one who lives in the country or on the heaths and in the woods (cf. pagan, fr. pagus village); akin to OS. h[=e][eth]in, adj., D. heiden a heathen, G. heide, OHG. heidan, Icel. hei[eth]inn, adj., Sw. heden, Goth. hai[thorn]n[=o], n. fem. See {Heath}, and cf. {Hoiden}.] 1. An individual of the pagan or unbelieving nations, or those which worship idols and do not acknowledge the true God; a pagan; an idolater. [1913 Webster] 2. An irreligious person. [1913 Webster] If it is no more than a moral discourse, he may preach it and they may hear it, and yet both continue unconverted heathens. --V. Knox. [1913 Webster] {The heathen}, as the term is used in the Scriptures, all people except the Jews; now used of all people except Christians, Jews, and Mohammedans. [1913 Webster] Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance. --Ps. ii. 8. Syn: Pagan; gentile. See {Pagan}. [1913 Webster]

Heathen \Hea"then\ (h[=e]"[th]'n; 277), n.; pl. {Heathens} (-[th]'nz) or collectively {Heathen}. [OE. hethen, AS. h[=ae][eth]en, prop. an adj. fr. h[=ae][eth] heath, and orig., therefore, one who lives in the country or on the heaths and in the woods (cf. pagan, fr. pagus village); akin to OS. h[=e][eth]in, adj., D. heiden a heathen, G. heide, OHG. heidan, Icel. hei[eth]inn, adj., Sw. heden, Goth. hai[thorn]n[=o], n. fem. See {Heath}, and cf. {Hoiden}.] 1. An individual of the pagan or unbelieving nations, or those which worship idols and do not acknowledge the true God; a pagan; an idolater. [1913 Webster] 2. An irreligious person. [1913 Webster] If it is no more than a moral discourse, he may preach it and they may hear it, and yet both continue unconverted heathens. --V. Knox. [1913 Webster] {The heathen}, as the term is used in the Scriptures, all people except the Jews; now used of all people except Christians, Jews, and Mohammedans. [1913 Webster] Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance. --Ps. ii. 8. Syn: Pagan; gentile. See {Pagan}. [1913 Webster]

Heathen (Heb. plural goyum). At first the word _goyim_ denoted generally all the nations of the world (Gen. 18:18; comp. Gal. 3:8). The Jews afterwards became a people distinguished in a marked manner from the other _goyim_. They were a separate people (Lev. 20:23; 26:14-45; Deut. 28), and the other nations, the Amorites, Hittites, etc., were the _goyim_, the heathen, with whom the Jews were forbidden to be associated in any way (Josh. 23:7; 1 Kings 11:2). The practice of idolatry was the characteristic of these nations, and hence the word came to designate idolaters (Ps. 106:47; Jer. 46:28; Lam. 1:3; Isa. 36:18), the wicked (Ps. 9:5, 15, 17). The corresponding Greek word in the New Testament, _ethne_, has similar shades of meaning. In Acts 22:21, Gal. 3:14, it denotes the people of the earth generally; and in Matt. 6:7, an idolater. In modern usage the word denotes all nations that are strangers to revealed religion.

HEATHEN, n. A benighted creature who has the folly to worship something that he can see and feel. According to Professor Howison, of the California State University, Hebrews are heathens. "The Hebrews are heathens!" says Howison. He's A Christian philosopher. I'm A scurril agnostical chap, if you please, Addicted too much to the crime Of religious discussion in my rhyme. Though Hebrew and Howison cannot agree On a _modus vivendi_ -- not they! -- Yet Heaven has had the designing of me, And I haven't been reared in a way To joy in the thick of the fray. For this of my creed is the soul and the gist, And the truth of it I aver: Who differs from me in his faith is an 'ist, And 'ite, an 'ie, or an 'er -- And I'm down upon him or her! Let Howison urge with perfunctory chin Toleration -- that's all very well, But a roast is "nuts" to his nostril thin, And he's running -- I know by the smell -- A secret and personal Hell! Bissell Gip

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Pagan

Pagan religions (also Paganism) refers to a group of historical polytheistic religious traditions—primarily those of cultures known to the classical world.

pagan adj : not acknowledging the God of Christianity and Judaism and Islam [syn: {heathen}, {heathenish}, {ethnic}] n : a person who does not acknowledge your God [syn: {heathen}, {gentile}, {infidel}]

78 Moby Thesaurus words for "pagan": Gentile, Gothic, Philistine, allotheist, allotheistic, animist, animistic, atheist, atheistic, barbarous, bibliolatrous, bookless, chthonian, deceived, disbeliever, disbelieving, ethnic, faithless, fetishistic, functionally illiterate, gentile, grammarless, heathen, heathenish, hoodwinked, idol worshiping, idolater, idolatric, idolatrical, idolatrous, idolistic, ill-educated, illiterate, infidel, infidelic, led astray, lowbrow, minimifidian, misinformed, misinstructed, mistaught, nonbeliever, nonintellectual, nullifidian, paganish, paganistic, pagano-Christian, polytheist, polytheistic, profane, rude, secularist, unbeliever, unbelieving, unbooked, unbookish, unbooklearned, unbriefed, unchristian, uncultivated, uncultured, unedified, uneducated, unerudite, unguided, uninstructed, unintellectual, unlearned, unlettered, unliterary, unread, unrefined, unscholarly, unschooled, unstudious, untaught, untutored, zoolatrous

Pagan \Pa"gan\ (p[=a]"gan), n. [L. paganus a countryman, peasant, villager, a pagan, fr. paganus of or pertaining to the country, rustic, also, pagan, fr. pagus a district, canton, the country, perh. orig., a district with fixed boundaries: cf. pangere to fasten. Cf. {Painim}, {Peasant}, and {Pact}, also {Heathen}.] One who worships false gods; an idolater; a heathen; one who is neither a Christian, a Mohammedan, nor a Jew. [1913 Webster] Neither having the accent of Christians, nor the gait of Christian, pagan, nor man. --Shak. [1913 Webster] Syn: Gentile; heathen; idolater. Usage: {Pagan}, {Gentile}, {Heathen}. Gentile was applied to the other nations of the earth as distinguished from the Jews. Pagan was the name given to idolaters in the early Christian church, because the villagers, being most remote from the centers of instruction, remained for a long time unconverted. Heathen has the same origin. Pagan is now more properly applied to rude and uncivilized idolaters, while heathen embraces all who practice idolatry. [1913 Webster]

Pagan \Pa"gan\, a. [L. paganus of or pertaining to the country, pagan. See {Pagan}, n.] Of or pertaining to pagans; relating to the worship or the worshipers of false goods; heathen; idolatrous, as, pagan tribes or superstitions. [1913 Webster] And all the rites of pagan honor paid. --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • heathen: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • heathen: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • heathen: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • heathen: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • heathen: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • heathen: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
  • heathen: THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993)
  • pagan: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • pagan: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • pagan: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • pagan: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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