Gout and Rheumatoid-Arthritis

Gout

Gout (also known as podagra when it involves the big toe) is a medical condition usually characterized by recurrent attacks of acute inflammatory arthritis—a red, tender, hot, swollen joint.

gout n : a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints [syn: {gouty arthritis}, {urarthritis}]

Gout \Gout\ (gout), n. [F. goutte a drop, the gout, the disease being considered as a defluxion, fr. L. gutta drop.] [1913 Webster] 1. A drop; a clot or coagulation. [1913 Webster] On thy blade and dudgeon gouts of blood. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) A constitutional disease, occurring by paroxysms. It consists in an inflammation of the fibrous and ligamentous parts of the joints, and almost always attacks first the great toe, next the smaller joints, after which it may attack the greater articulations. It is attended with various sympathetic phenomena, particularly in the digestive organs. It may also attack internal organs, as the stomach, the intestines, etc. It is an inherited disease of purine metaboism, which causes an increased level of uric acid in the blood, and leads to deposition of crystals of sodium urate in cartilage within joints and in connective tissue. It can be alleviated by a diet low in purines, and is treated by drugs which block formation of uric acid. --Dunglison. [1913 Webster +PJC] 3. A disease of cornstalks. See {Corn fly}, under {Corn}. [1913 Webster] {Gout stones}. See {Chalkstone}, n., 2. [1913 Webster]

GOUT, n. A physician's name for the rheumatism of a rich patient.

Rheumatoid-Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that results in a chronic, systemic inflammatory disorder that may affect many tissues and organs, but principally attacks flexible (synovial) joints.

rheumatoid arthritis n : a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint [syn: {atrophic arthritis}, {rheumatism}]

Arthritis \Ar*thri"tis\ ([aum]r*thr[imac]"t[i^]s), n. [L., fr. Gr. 'arqri^tis (as if fem. of 'arqri`tis belonging to the joints, sc. no`sos disease) gout, fr. 'a`rqron a joint.] (Med.) Any inflammation of the joints, including the gout. A variety of forms of arthritis are recognized, some of which (such as {rheumatoid arthritis}, also called {arthritis deformans} and {arthritis nodosa}) are chronic and progressive, and lead to incapacitation and deformity. [1913 Webster +PJC] ||

Data Sources:

  • gout: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • gout: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • gout: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • gout: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • gout: THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993)
  • rheumatoid-arthritis: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • rheumatoid-arthritis: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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