Garnet and Ruby

Garnet

Garnets are a group of silicate minerals that have been used since the Bronze Age as gemstones and abrasives.

garnet n : any of a group of hard glassy minerals (silicates of various metals) used as gemstones and as an abrasive

Garnet \Gar"net\, n. [OE. gernet, grenat, OF. grenet,grenat, F. grenat, LL. granatus, fr. L. granatum pomegranate, granatus having many grains or seeds, fr. granum grain, seed. So called from its resemblance in color and shape to the grains or seeds of the pomegranate. See {Grain}, and cf. {Grenade}, {Pomegranate}.] (Min.) A mineral having many varieties differing in color and in their constituents, but with the same crystallization (isometric), and conforming to the same general chemical formula. The commonest color is red, the luster is vitreous, and the hardness greater than that of quartz. The dodecahedron and trapezohedron are the common forms. [1913 Webster] Note: There are also white, green, yellow, brown, and black varieties. The garnet is a silicate, the bases being aluminia lime (grossularite, essonite, or cinnamon stone), or aluminia magnesia (pyrope), or aluminia iron (almandine), or aluminia manganese (spessartite), or iron lime (common garnet, melanite, allochroite), or chromium lime (ouvarovite, color emerald green). The transparent red varieties are used as gems. The garnet was, in part, the carbuncle of the ancients. Garnet is a very common mineral in gneiss and mica slate. [1913 Webster] {Garnet berry} (Bot.), the red currant; -- so called from its transparent red color. {Garnet brown} (Chem.), an artificial dyestuff, produced as an explosive brown crystalline substance with a green or golden luster. It consists of the potassium salt of a complex cyanogen derivative of picric acid. [1913 Webster]

Garnet \Gar"net\, n. [Etymol. unknown.] (Naut.) A tackle for hoisting cargo in or out. [1913 Webster] {Clew garnet}. See under {Clew}. [1913 Webster]

Garnet 1. A graphical object editor and {Macintosh} environment. 2. A user interface development environment for {Common Lisp} and {X11} from The Garnet project team. It helps you create graphical, interactive user interfaces. Version 2.2 includes the following: a custom {object-oriented programming} system which uses a {prototype-instance model}. automatic {constraint} maintenance allowing properties of objects to depend on properties of other objects and be automatically re-evaluated when the other objects change. The constraints can be arbitrary Lisp expressions. Built-in, high-level input event handling. Support for {gesture recognition}. {Widget}s for multi-font, multi-line, mouse-driven text editing. Optional automatic layout of application data into lists, tables, trees or graphs. Automatic generation of {PostScript} for printing. Support for large-scale applications and data {visualisation}. Also supplied are: two complete widget sets, one with a {Motif} {look and feel} implemented in {Lisp} and one with a custom {look and feel}. Interactive design tools for creating parts of the interface without writing code: Gilt interface builder for creating {dialog box}es. Lapidary interactive tool for creating new {widget}s and for drawing application-specific objects. C32 {spreadsheet} system for specifying complex {constraint}s. Not yet available: Jade automatic dialog box creation system. Marquise interactive tool for specifying behaviours. {(ftp://a.gp.cs.cmu.edu/usr/garnet/garnet)}. (1999-07-02)

Ruby

A ruby is a pink to blood-red colored gemstone, a variety of the mineral corundum (aluminium oxide). The red color is caused mainly by the presence of the element chromium.

ruby adj : having any of numerous bright or strong colors reminiscent of the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies [syn: {red}, {reddish}, {ruddy}, {blood-red}, {carmine}, {cerise}, {cherry}, {cherry-red}, {crimson}, {ruby-red}, {scarlet}] n 1: a transparent piece of ruby that has been cut and polished and is valued as a precious gem 2: a transparent deep red variety of corundum; used as a gemstone and in lasers 3: a deep and vivid red [syn: {crimson}, {deep red}]

107 Moby Thesaurus words for "ruby": Titian, Titian-red, adamant, agate, alexandrite, amethyst, aquamarine, beryl, bloodstone, bricky, brilliant, carbuncle, cardinal, carmine, carnation, carnelian, cerise, chalcedony, cherry, cherry-colored, cherry-red, chrysoberyl, chrysolite, citrine, coral, crimson, damask, demantoid, diamond, emerald, ferruginous, fiery, fire-red, flame-colored, flame-red, flaming, garnet, girasol, glowing, gules, harlequin opal, heliotrope, hot, hyacinth, incarmined, incarnadine, inflamed, infrared, iron-red, jade, jadestone, jargoon, jasper, lake-colored, laky, lapis lazuli, lateritious, lobster-red, lurid, maroon, moonstone, morganite, onyx, opal, peridot, plasma, port-wine, puce, red, red-dyed, red-looking, reddened, reddish, reddish-amber, reddish-brown, rose quartz, rubicund, rubify, rubiginous, rubric, rubricose, ruby-colored, ruby-red, ruddied, ruddle, ruddy, rufescent, rufous, rust, rust-red, rusty, sapphire, sard, sardonyx, scarlet, spinel, spinel ruby, stammel, tile-red, topaz, turquoise, vermilion, vinaceous, warm, wine, wine-colored, wine-red

Ruby \Ru"by\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Rubied}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Rubying}.] To make red; to redden. [R.] --Pope. [1913 Webster]

Ruby \Ru"by\, a. Ruby-colored; red; as, ruby lips. [1913 Webster]

Ruby \Ru"by\, n.; pl. {Rubies}. [F. rubis (cf. Pr. robi), LL. rubinus, robinus, fr. L. rubeus red, reddish, akin to ruber. See {Rouge}, {red}.] 1. (Min.) A precious stone of a carmine red color, sometimes verging to violet, or intermediate between carmine and hyacinth red. It is a red crystallized variety of corundum. [1913 Webster] Note: Besides the true or Oriental ruby above defined, there are the balas ruby, or ruby spinel, a red variety of spinel, and the rock ruby, a red variety of garnet. [1913 Webster] Of rubies, sapphires, and pearles white. --Chaucer. [1913 Webster] 2. The color of a ruby; carmine red; a red tint. [1913 Webster] The natural ruby of your cheeks. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. That which has the color of the ruby, as red wine. Hence, a red blain or carbuncle. [1913 Webster] 4. (Print.) See {Agate}, n., 2. [Eng.] [1913 Webster] 5. (Zo["o]l.) Any species of South American humming birds of the genus {Clytol[ae]ma}. The males have a ruby-colored throat or breast. [1913 Webster] {Ruby of arsenic}, {Ruby of sulphur} (Chem.), a glassy substance of a red color and a variable composition, but always consisting chiefly of the disulphide of arsenic; -- called also {ruby sulphur}. {Ruby of zinc} (Min.), zinc sulphide; the mineral zinc blende or sphalerite. {Ruby silver} (Min.), red silver. See under {Red}. [1913 Webster]

Ruby, AK (city, FIPS 65590) Location: 64.71757 N, 155.52066 W Population (1990): 170 (92 housing units) Area: 19.1 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Zip code(s): 99768 Ruby, MI Zip code(s): 48049 Ruby, SC (town, FIPS 62080) Location: 34.74414 N, 80.17974 W Population (1990): 300 (148 housing units) Area: 8.1 sq km (land), 0.1 sq km (water) Zip code(s): 29741

Ruby 1. A {relational language} designed by Jones and M. Sheeran in 1986 for describing and designing circuits (a {hardware description language}). Ruby programs denote {binary relations} and programs are built-up inductively from primitive relations using a pre-defined set of {relational operators}. Ruby programs also have a geometric interpretation as networks of primitive relations connected by wires, which is important when layout is considered in circuit design. Ruby has been continually developed since 1986, and has been used to design many different kinds of circuits, including {systolic arrays}, {butterfly networks} and arithmetic circuits. {(ftp://ftp.cs.chalmers.se/pub/misc/ruby/)}. E-mail: . ["Ruby - A Language of Relations and Higher-Order Functions", M. Sheeran, Proc 3rd Banff Workshop on Hardware Verification, Springer 1990]. (1994-10-27) 2. One of five pedagogical languages based on {Markov algorithms}, used in Higman's report (below). The other languages are {Brilliant}, {Diamond}, {Nonpareil}, and {Pearl}. ["Nonpareil, a Machine Level Machine Independent Language for the Study of Semantics", B. Higman, ULICS Intl Report No ICSI 170, U London (1968)]. (1994-10-27) 3. A fully {object oriented} {interpreted} {scripting language} by Yukihiro Matsumoto . Similar in scope to {Perl} and {Python}, Ruby has high-level {data types}, automatic {memory management}, {dynamic typing}, a {module} system, {exceptions}, and a rich standard library. Other features are {CLU}-style {iterators} for {loop abstraction}, {singleton classes}/{methods} and {lexical closures}. In Ruby, everything is an {object}, including the basic data types. For example, the number 1 is an instance of {class} Fixnum. Current version (stable): 1.6.7, as of 2002-03-01. {Ruby Home (http://www.ruby-lang.org/)}. {Ruby Central (http://www.rubycentral.com/)}. ["Programming Ruby - The Pragmatic Programmer's Guide", David Thomas, Andrew Hunt, Yukihiro Matsumoto pub. Addison Wesley 2000]. (2002-06-19)

Ruby (Heb. peninim), only in plural (Lam. 4:7). The ruby was one of the stones in the high priest's breastplate (Ex. 28:17). A comparison is made between the value of wisdom and rubies (Job 28:18; Prov. 3:15; 8:11). The price of a virtuous woman is said to be "far above rubies" (Prov. 31:10). The exact meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain. Some render it "red coral;" others, "pearl" or "mother-of-pearl."

Data Sources:

  • garnet: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • garnet: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • garnet: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • garnet: The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03)
  • ruby: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • ruby: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • ruby: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • ruby: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • ruby: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • ruby: U.S. Gazetteer (1990)
  • ruby: The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03)
  • ruby: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary

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