Gallbladder and Kidney-Stones

Gallbladder

In vertebrates the gallbladder (cholecyst, gall bladder, biliary vesicle) is a small organ that aids mainly in fat digestion and concentrates bile produced by the liver.

gallbladder n : a muscular sac attached to the liver that secretes bile and stores it until needed for digestion

Gall \Gall\ (g[add]l), n.[OE. galle, gal, AS. gealla; akin to D. gal, OS. & OHG. galla, Icel. gall, SW. galla, Dan. galde, L. fel, Gr. ?, and prob. to E. yellow. [root]49. See {Yellow}, and cf. {Choler}] 1. (Physiol.) The bitter, alkaline, viscid fluid found in the gall bladder, beneath the liver. It consists of the secretion of the liver, or bile, mixed with that of the mucous membrane of the gall bladder. [1913 Webster] 2. The gall bladder. [1913 Webster] 3. Anything extremely bitter; bitterness; rancor. [1913 Webster] He hath . . . compassed me with gall and travail. --Lam. iii. 5. [1913 Webster] Comedy diverted without gall. --Dryden. [1913 Webster] 4. Impudence; brazen assurance. [Slang] [1913 Webster] {Gall bladder} (Anat.), the membranous sac, in which the bile, or gall, is stored up, as secreted by the liver; the cholecystis. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus. {Gall duct}, a duct which conveys bile, as the cystic duct, or the hepatic duct. {Gall sickness}, a remitting bilious fever in the Netherlands. --Dunglison. {Gall of the earth} (Bot.), an herbaceous composite plant with variously lobed and cleft leaves, usually the {Prenanthes serpentaria}. [1913 Webster]

Kidney-Stones

A kidney stone, also known as a renal calculus (from the Latin ren, "kidney" and calculus, "pebble") is a solid concretion or crystal aggregation formed in the kidneys from dietary minerals in the urine.

Additional data for kidney-stones may be on the way.

Data Sources:

  • gallbladder: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • gallbladder: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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