Fungus and Mold

Fungus

A fungus (; plural: fungi or funguses) is a member of a large group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds (British English: moulds), as well as the more familiar mushrooms.

fungus n : a parasitic plant lacking chlorophyll and leaves and true stems and roots and reproducing by spores [also: {fungi} (pl)]

121 Moby Thesaurus words for "fungus": adenovirus, aerobe, aerobic bacteria, amoeba, amphibian, anaerobe, anaerobic bacteria, angiosperm, annual, aquatic plant, bacillus, bacteria, bacterium, benign tumor, biennial, blast, blight, bread mold, bug, callosity, callus, cancer, canker, carcinoma, coccus, corn, cosmopolite, cutting, cyst, deciduous plant, dicot, dicotyledon, disease-producing microorganism, dry rot, echovirus, enterovirus, ephemeral, ergot, evergreen, excrescence, exotic, filterable virus, flowering plant, fungosity, gametophyte, germ, gram-negative bacteria, gram-positive bacteria, green mold, growth, gymnosperm, hydrophyte, intumescence, malignant growth, metastatic tumor, microbe, microorganism, mildew, mold, mole, monocot, monocotyl, morbid growth, moth, moth and rust, mushroom, must, neoplasm, nevus, nonfilterable virus, nonmalignant tumor, outgrowth, pathogen, perennial, pest, picornavirus, plant, polycot, polycotyl, polycotyledon, protozoa, protozoon, proud flesh, puffball, reovirus, rhinovirus, rickettsia, rot, rust, sarcoma, seed plant, seedling, slime mold, smut, spermatophyte, spirillum, spirochete, spore, sporophyte, staphylococcus, streptococcus, thallophyte, tinea, toadstool, triennial, truffle, trypanosome, tuckahoe, tumor, vascular plant, vegetable, verruca, verticillium, vibrio, virus, wart, water mold, weed, wen, worm, yeast

Fungus \Fun"gus\, n.; pl. L. {Fungi}, E. {Funguses}. [L., a mushroom; perh. akin to a doubtful Gr. ? sponge, for ?; if so, cf. E. sponge.] 1. (Bot.) Any one of the {Fungi}, a large and very complex group of thallophytes of low organization, -- the molds, mildews, rusts, smuts, mushrooms, toadstools, puff balls, and the allies of each. See {fungi}. [1913 Webster] Note: The fungi are all destitute of chorophyll, and, therefore, to be supplied with elaborated nourishment, must live as saprophytes or parasites. They range in size from single microscopic cells to systems of entangled threads many feet in extent, which develop reproductive bodies as large as a man's head. The vegetative system consists of septate or rarely unseptate filaments called hyph[ae]; the aggregation of hyph[ae] into structures of more or less definite form is known as the mycelium. See {Fungi}, in the Supplement. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) A spongy, morbid growth or granulation in animal bodies, as the proud flesh of wounds. --Hoblyn. [1913 Webster]

Fungi \Fun"gi\ (f[u^]n"j[imac]), n. pl.; sing. {fungus}. (Biol.) A group of thallophytic plant-like organisms of low organization, destitute of chlorophyll, in which reproduction is mainly accomplished by means of asexual spores, which are produced in a great variety of ways, though sexual reproduction is known to occur in certain {Phycomycetes}, or so-called algal fungi. They include the molds, mildews, rusts, smuts, mushrooms, toadstools, puff balls, and the allies of each. In the two-kingdom classification system they were classed with the plants, but in the modern five-kingdom classification, they are not classed as plants, but are classed in their own separate kingdom fungi, which includes the phyla Zygomycota (including simple fungi such as bread molds), Ascomycota (including the yeasts), Basidiomycota (including the mushrooms, smuts, and rusts), and Deuteromycota (the {fungi imperfecti}). Some of the forms, such as the yeasts, appear as single-celled microorganisms, but all of the fungi are are eukaryotic, thus distinguishing them from the prokaryotic microorganisms of the kingdon Monera. [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC] Note: The Fungi appear to have originated by degeneration from various alg[ae], losing their chlorophyll on assuming a parasitic or saprophytic life. In an earlier classification they were divided into the subclasses {Phycomycetes}, the lower or algal fungi; the {Mesomycetes}, or intermediate fungi; and the {Mycomycetes}, or the higher fungi; by others into the {Phycomycetes}; the {Ascomycetes}, or sac-spore fungi; and the {Basidiomycetes}, or basidial-spore fungi. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

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Mold

The colloquial term mold (or mould; see spelling differences) is applied to a large and taxonomically diverse number of fungal species where their growth results in a moldy appearance of objects, especially food.

mold n 1: the distinctive form in which a thing is made; "pottery of this cast was found throughout the region" [syn: {cast}, {stamp}] 2: container into which liquid is poured to create a given shape when it hardens [syn: {mould}, {cast}] 3: loose soil rich in organic matter [syn: {mould}] 4: the process of becoming mildewed [syn: {mildew}] 5: a fungus that produces a superficial growth on various kinds of damp or decaying organic matter [syn: {mould}] 6: sculpture produced by molding [syn: {mould}, {molding}, {moulding}, {modeling}, {clay sculpture}] v 1: form in clay, wax, etc; "model a head with clay" [syn: {model}, {mould}] 2: become moldy; spoil due to humidity; "The furniture molded in the old house" [syn: {mildew}] 3: form by pouring (e.g., wax or hot metal) into a cast or mold; "cast a bronze sculpture" [syn: {cast}, {mould}] 4: make something, usually for a specific function; "She molded the riceballs carefully"; "Form cylinders from the dough"; "shape a figure"; "Work the metal into a sword" [syn: {shape}, {form}, {work}, {mould}, {forge}] 5: fit tightly, follow the contours of; "The dress molds her beautiful figure" 6: shape or influence; give direction to; "experience often determines ability"; "mold public opinion" [syn: {determine}, {shape}, {influence}, {regulate}]

496 Moby Thesaurus words for "mold": Ectocarpales, Phaeophyceae, Platonic form, Platonic idea, accommodate, accommodate with, accord, acres, adapt, adapt to, adenovirus, adjust, adjust to, aerobe, aerobic bacteria, aesthetic form, agree with, algae, alluvion, alluvium, amoeba, anaerobe, anaerobic bacteria, anatomy, animus, aptitude, arable land, archetype, architectonics, architecture, aroma, arrangement, art form, assemble, assimilate to, attribute, autophyte, bacillus, bacteria, bacterium, badge, bake, be guided by, bean, bend, bent, bias, biodegradability, biodegradation, blast, blight, block out, blood, body-build, bracken, brand, break up, breakup, breed, brown algae, bug, build, building, cachet, cancer, canker, carve, cast, casting, character, characteristic, characteristics, chase, chime in with, chisel, clan, class, clay, climber, clod, coccus, coin, color, complexion, comply, comply with, compose, composition, compound, conceit, conceive, conceptualize, concoct, conferva, confervoid, configuration, conform, conformation, constituents, constitution, construct, construction, correct, correspond, corrosion, corrupt, corruption, crasis, create, creation, creeper, crumble, crumble into dust, crust, cut, decay, decompose, decomposition, degradability, degradation, denomination, description, designation, devise, dharma, diathesis, diatom, die, differentia, differential, dilapidation, dirt, discipline, disease-producing microorganism, disintegrate, disintegration, disorganization, disposition, dissolution, distinctive feature, dream up, dry land, dry rot, dust, earmark, earth, eccentricity, echovirus, efform, elaborate, engrave, enterovirus, erect, ethos, evolve, experience imaginatively, extrude, fabric, fabricate, fabrication, fall in with, fall into decay, fall to pieces, fancy, fantasize, fashion, fashioning, feather, feature, fern, fester, fiber, fictionalize, figuration, figure, filterable virus, fire, fit, fix, flavor, follow, forge, forging, form, formalize, format, formation, formulate, found, frame, freehold, fruits and vegetables, fucus, fudge together, fungi, fungus, gangrene, gear to, genius, genre, genus, germ, get up, getup, glaze, glebe, go bad, go by, go to pieces, grain, gram-negative bacteria, gram-positive bacteria, grapevine, grassland, grave, green algae, ground, gulfweed, gust, habit, hallmark, harmonize, hatch, herb, heterophyte, hew, hue, humor, humors, ideate, idiocrasy, idiosyncrasy, ilk, imagine, impress, impression, inclination, index, indite, individualism, inner form, insculpture, intaglio, invent, ivy, kelp, keynote, kidney, kin, kind, knead, knock out, label, land, landholdings, last, lay out, layout, leaning, legume, lentil, liana, lichen, lick into shape, line, lineaments, lithosphere, liverwort, lot, make, make conform, make up, makeup, making, manner, mannerism, manufacture, marginal land, mark, marking, marl, matrix, mature, meet, mental set, mettle, microbe, microorganism, mildew, mind, mind-set, mint, modality, mode, model, molder, molding, molds, mortify, moss, moth, moth and rust, mushroom, must, nature, necrose, negative, nonfilterable virus, number, observe, odor, organic structure, organism, organization, originate, oxidation, oxidization, parasite, parasitic plant, particularity, patch together, pathogen, pattern, patterning, pea, peculiarity, persuasion, perthophyte, pest, phylum, physique, phytoplankton, picornavirus, piece together, plan, planktonic algae, plant families, pot, predilection, predisposition, prefabricate, preference, prepare, proclivity, produce, production, propensity, property, prototype, protozoa, protozoon, puffball, pulse, punch, put together, put up, putrefy, putresce, quality, quirk, race, raise, rankle, real estate, real property, rear, reconcile, rectify, red algae, region, regolith, reovirus, resolution, rhinovirus, rickettsia, rockweed, rot, rough out, roughcast, roughhew, rub off corners, run up, rust, saprophyte, sargasso, sargassum, savor, sculp, sculpt, sculpture, sea lentil, sea moss, sea wrack, seal, seaweed, set, set up, settle, setup, shape, shaping, shoe last, significant form, singularity, slant, smack, smut, sod, soil, solder, somatotype, sort, specialty, species, sphacelate, spirillum, spirit, spirochete, spoil, spoilage, spore, stamp, staphylococcus, straighten, strain, streak, streptococcus, stripe, structure, structuring, style, subaerial deposit, subsoil, succulent, suchness, suit, suppose, suppurate, system, tailor, taint, tally with, tang, taste, tectonics, temper, temperament, template, tendency, tenor, terra, terra firma, terrain, territory, texture, thallogens, the country, the like of, the likes of, thermoform, think up, throw, tissue, toadstool, token, tone, topsoil, trait, tribe, trick, trypanosome, turn, turn a pot, turn of mind, twist, type, variety, vein, vetch, vibrio, vine, virus, warp, warp and woof, way, weave, web, weld, whomp up, woodland, work, worm, wort, wrack, write, yield

Mold \Mold\, Mould \Mould\, v. t. [Cf. F. mouler, OF. moler, moller. See {Mold} the matrix.] 1. To form into a particular shape; to shape; to model; to fashion. [1913 Webster] He forgeth and moldeth metals. --Sir M. Hale. [1913 Webster] Did I request thee, Maker, from my clay To mold me man? --Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. To ornament by molding or carving the material of; as, a molded window jamb. [1913 Webster] 3. To knead; as, to mold dough or bread. [1913 Webster] 4. (Founding) To form a mold of, as in sand, in which a casting may be made. [1913 Webster]

Mold \Mold\, Mould \Mould\, n. [OE. molde, OF. mole, F. moule, fr. L. modulus. See {Model}.] [For spelling, see 2d {Mold}, above.] 1. The matrix, or cavity, in which anything is shaped, and from which it takes its form; also, the body or mass containing the cavity; as, a sand mold; a jelly mold. --Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. That on which, or in accordance with which, anything is modeled or formed; anything which serves to regulate the size, form, etc., as the pattern or templet used by a shipbuilder, carpenter, or mason. [1913 Webster] The glass of fashion and the mold of form. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. Cast; form; shape; character. [1913 Webster] Crowned with an architrave of antique mold. --Pope. [1913 Webster] 4. (Arch.) A group of moldings; as, the arch mold of a porch or doorway; the pier mold of a Gothic pier, meaning the whole profile, section, or combination of parts. [1913 Webster] 5. (Anat.) A fontanel. [1913 Webster] 6. (Paper Making) A frame with a wire cloth bottom, on which the pump is drained to form a sheet, in making paper by hand. [1913 Webster]

Mold \Mold\, Mould \Mould\, v. i. To become moldy; to be covered or filled, in whole or in part, with a mold. [1913 Webster]

Mold \Mold\, Mould \Mould\, v. t. To cause to become moldy; to cause mold to grow upon. [1913 Webster]

Mold \Mold\, Mould \Mould\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Molded} or {Moulded}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Molding} or {Moulding}.] To cover with mold or soil. [R.] [1913 Webster]

Mold \Mold\, Mould \Mould\, n. [OE. molde, AS. molde; akin to D. mul, G. mull, mulm, OHG. molt, molta, Icel. mold, Dan. muld, Sw. mull, Goth. mulda, and E. meal flour. See {Meal}, and cf. {Mole} an animal, {Mull}, v.] [The prevalent spelling is, perhaps, {mould}; but as the u has not been inserted in the other words of this class, as bold, gold, old, cold, etc., it seems desirable to complete the analogy by dropping it from this word, thus spelling it as Spenser, South, and many others did. The omission of the u is now very common in America.] 1. Crumbling, soft, friable earth; esp., earth containing the remains or constituents of organic matter, and suited to the growth of plants; soil. [1913 Webster] 2. Earthy material; the matter of which anything is formed; composing substance; material. [1913 Webster] The etherial mold, Incapable of stain. --Milton. [1913 Webster] Nature formed me of her softest mold. --Addison. [1913 Webster]

Mold \Mold\, n. [See {Mole} a spot.] A spot; a blemish; a mole. [Obs.] --Spenser. [1913 Webster]

Mold \Mold\, Mould \Mould\, n. [From the p. p. of OE. moulen to become moldy, to rot, prob. fr. Icel. mygla to grow musty, mugga mugginess; cf. Sw. m["o]gla to grow moldy. See {Muggy}, and cf. {Moldy}.] (Bot.) A growth of minute fungi of various kinds, esp. those of the great groups {Hyphomycetes}, and {Physomycetes}, forming on damp or decaying organic matter. [1913 Webster] Note: The common blue mold of cheese, the brick-red cheese mold, and the scarlet or orange strata which grow on tubers or roots stored up for use, when commencing to decay, are familiar examples. --M. J. Berkley. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • fungus: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • fungus: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • fungus: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • fungus: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • mold: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • mold: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • mold: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • mold: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • mold: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • mold: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • mold: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • mold: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • mold: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • mold: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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