Fossilized and Petrified

Fossilized

Fossils (from Latin fossus, literally "having been dug up") are the preserved remains or traces of animals (also known as zoolites), plants, and other organisms from the remote past.

fossilized adj : set in a rigidly conventional pattern of behavior, habits, or beliefs; "obsolete fossilized ways"; "an ossified bureaucratic system" [syn: {fossilised}, {ossified}]

71 Moby Thesaurus words for "fossilized": Gothic, Victorian, anile, antediluvian, antiquated, antique, archaic, backed, calcified, callous, calloused, case-hardened, classical, crabbed, crusted, crusty, crystallized, debilitated, decrepit, doddered, doddering, doddery, feeble, fossil, gerontal, gerontic, granulated, grown old, hardened, hornified, incrusted, indurate, indurated, infirm, lapidified, medieval, mid-Victorian, mossbacked, moth-eaten, mummylike, of other times, old-world, ossified, palsied, papery-skinned, petrified, ravaged with age, reinforced, rickety, rigidified, run to seed, rusty, sclerotic, senile, set, shaky, shriveled, solidified, steeled, stiffened, strengthened, stricken in years, superannuated, timeworn, tottering, tottery, toughened, vitrified, weak, withered, wizened

Fossilized \Fos"sil*ized\, a. Converted into a fossil; antiquated; firmly fixed in views or opinions. [1913 Webster] A fossilized sample of confused provincialism. --Earle. [1913 Webster]

Fossilize \Fos"sil*ize\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Fossilized}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Fossilizing}.] [Cf. F. fossiliser.] 1. To convert into a fossil; to petrify; as, to fossilize bones or wood. [1913 Webster] 2. To cause to become antiquated, rigid, or fixed, as by fossilization; to mummify; to deaden. [1913 Webster] Ten layers of birthdays on a woman's head Are apt to fossilize her girlish mirth. --Mrs. Browning. [1913 Webster]

Petrified

In geology, petrifaction or petrification is the process by which organic material is converted into stone through the replacement of the original material and the filling of the original pore spaces with minerals.

petrified See {petrify}

petrified adj 1: converted into stone 2: converted into a mineral; "petrified wood" [syn: {mineralized}] 3: so frightened as to be unable to move; stunned or paralyzed with terror; "petrified with fear"; "she was petrified by the eerie sound"; "too numb with fear to move" [syn: {numb}]

petrify v 1: cause to become stone-like or stiff or dazed and stunned; "The horror petrified his feelings"; "Fear petrified her thinking" 2: change into stone; "the wood petrified with time" [syn: {lapidify}] 3: make rigid and set into a conventional pattern; "rigidify the training schedule"; "ossified teaching methods"; "slogans petrify our thinking" [syn: {rigidify}, {ossify}] [also: {petrified}]

111 Moby Thesaurus words for "petrified": Gothic, Victorian, adamant, adamantine, afraid, aghast, alabastrine, antediluvian, antiquated, antique, appalled, archaic, asbestine, ashen, astonished, astounded, awed, awestricken, awestruck, backed, benumbed, blanched, calcified, callous, calloused, case-hardened, classical, confounded, cowed, crusted, crusty, crystallized, deadly pale, dumbfounded, dumbstruck, flabbergasted, flintlike, flinty, fossil, fossilized, frightened, frozen, granitelike, granitic, granulated, graphitic, gray with fear, grown old, hardened, hornified, horrified, horror-struck, incrusted, indurate, indurated, inorganic, intimidated, lapidified, lithic, marblelike, medieval, micaceous, mid-Victorian, mineral, numbed, of other times, old-world, ossified, pale as death, pallid, panic-stricken, paralyzed, petrogenic, reinforced, rigidified, rock, scared stiff, scared to death, sclerotic, set, shocked, silicic, slaty, solidified, speechless, steeled, stiffened, stone, strengthened, stunned, stupefied, sulfuric, sulfurous, superannuated, terrified, terror-crazed, terror-haunted, terror-ridden, terror-riven, terror-shaken, terror-smitten, terror-stricken, terror-struck, terror-troubled, thunderstruck, toughened, undone, unmanned, unnerved, unstrung, vitrified

Petrify \Pet"ri*fy\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Petrified}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Petrifying}.] [L. petra rock, Gr. ? (akin to ? a stone) + -fy: cf. F. p['e]trifier. Cf. {Parrot}, {Petrel}, {Pier}.] 1. To convert, as any animal or vegetable matter, into stone or stony substance. [1913 Webster] A river that petrifies any sort of wood or leaves. --Kirwan. [1913 Webster] 2. To make callous or obdurate; to stupefy; to paralyze; to transform; as by petrifaction; as, to petrify the heart. Young. ``Petrifying accuracy.'' --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster] And petrify a genius to a dunce. --Pope. [1913 Webster] The poor, petrified journeyman, quite unconscious of what he was doing. --De Quincey. [1913 Webster] A hideous fatalism, which ought, logically, to petrify your volition. --G. Eliot. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • fossilized: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • fossilized: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • fossilized: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • fossilized: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • petrified: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • petrified: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • petrified: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • petrified: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • petrified: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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