Football and Soccer

Football

People have enjoyed throwing a ball around for many years. When two opposing teams go on the playing field, depending on which of the teams is playing offense or defense. Offense is the team with the ball, and the defense tries to prevent the offense from scoring.

The offense has four downs (four plays) to go 10 yards. If the offensive team gets the ball at least 10 yards in four tries, the team receives another set of four downs. If the offense has failed to advance 10 yards after three tries, the team usually kicks the ball on the fourth down. The other team then has the ball, four downs going in the opposite direction.

The game is played in four halves. First two halves and then half time, and the last two are played, determining the winner of the game.

Football

Soccer

Modern-day soccer was established in 1863. Eleven people from London clubs and schools met to set up common rules to control the matches amongst themselves. The outcome of this meeting was the Football Association.

Establishing the foundation of soccer in 1869, the Football Association strictly banned any kind of handling of the ball.

The game of soccer -- referred to outside the United States as football -- has been one of the most popular sports in the world. Soccer is played by young children, college students and pro’s, every four years the World Cup is played.

The whole idea is to score goals. Teams move the ball up and down the field trying to kick it into the net. The player guarding the goal, the goalkeeper, is the only player on the team allowed to touch the ball with his hands. Except if it a throw-in, the other players must use their feet, knees, head and chest to control and move the ball down the field. A game is played in two 45-minute halves.

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