Evidence and Proof

Evidence

Evidence is and includes everything that is used to reveal and determine the truth, and therefore is presumed to be true and related to a case.

evidence n 1: your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief; "the evidence that smoking causes lung cancer is very compelling" [syn: {grounds}] 2: an indication that makes something evident; "his trembling was evidence of his fear" 3: (law) all the means by which any alleged matter of fact whose truth is investigated at judicial trial is established or disproved v 1: provide evidence for; stand as proof of; show by one's behavior, attitude, or external attributes; "His high fever attested to his illness"; "The buildings in Rome manifest a high level of architectural sophistication"; "This decision demonstrates his sense of fairness" [syn: {attest}, {certify}, {manifest}, {demonstrate}] 2: provide evidence for; "The blood test showed that he was the father"; "Her behavior testified to her incompetence" [syn: {testify}, {bear witness}, {prove}, {show}] 3: give evidence; "he was telling on all his former colleague" [syn: {tell}]

225 Moby Thesaurus words for "evidence": Christophany, Satanophany, account, acquaintance, affect, affidavit, affirmation, angelophany, announcement, apparentness, appearance, approve, argue, argument, assertion, atmospheric visibility, attest, attestation, avatar, averment, basis, bear witness, bespeak, betoken, blue book, brandish, breathe, briefing, bring forth, bring forward, bring into view, bring out, bring to notice, bulletin, catchword, ceiling, ceiling unlimited, certification, clarity, clearness, clue, communication, communique, confirm, confirmation, connote, conspicuity, conspicuousness, corroboration, crystal-clearness, cue, cue word, dangle, data, datum, definiteness, definition, demonstrate, demonstration, denote, deposition, develop, directory, disclose, disclosure, dispatch, display, dissemination, distinctness, divulge, documentation, dramatize, embodiment, embody, enact, enlightenment, epiphany, evidentness, evince, evincement, exhibit, expose, expose to view, express, expression, facts, factual information, familiarization, flaunt, flourish, furnish evidence, gen, general information, give indication of, give sign, give token, go to show, grounds, guidebook, handout, hard information, high visibility, highlight, hint, hot lead, illuminate, illustrate, imply, incarnate, incarnation, incidental information, index, indicate, indication, info, information, instruction, intelligence, intimation, involve, key, key word, knowledge, lead, light, low visibility, make clear, make plain, manifest, manifestation, manifestness, mark, materialization, materialize, mean, mention, message, notice, notification, obviousness, openness, openness to sight, overtness, palpability, parade, patentness, percipi, perform, perspicuity, plainness, pneumatophany, point to, present, presentation, proclaim, produce, prominence, promotional material, proof, prove, publication, publicity, release, report, represent, reveal, revelation, roll out, scent, seeing, set forth, show, show forth, show signs of, sidelight, sign, signalize, significant, signify, speak for itself, speak volumes, spoor, spotlight, statement, substantiation, suggest, suggestion, summation, summing up, support, symptom, symptomatize, tangibility, tell, telltale, tend to show, testament, testify, testimonial, testimony, the dope, the goods, the know, the scoop, theophany, tip-off, token, trace, transmission, trot out, unfold, unmistakableness, unquestionability, validation, verification, vestige, visibility, visibility unlimited, visibility zero, wave, whiff, white book, white paper, witness, word

Evidence \Ev"i*dence\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Evidenced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Evidencing}.] To render evident or clear; to prove; to evince; as, to evidence a fact, or the guilt of an offender. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

Evidence \Ev"i*dence\, n. [F. ['e]vidence, L. Evidentia. See {Evident}.] 1. That which makes evident or manifest; that which furnishes, or tends to furnish, proof; any mode of proof; the ground of belief or judgement; as, the evidence of our senses; evidence of the truth or falsehood of a statement. [1913 Webster] Faith is . . . the evidence of things not seen. --Heb. xi. 1. [1913 Webster] O glorious trial of exceeding love Illustrious evidence, example high. --Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. One who bears witness. [R.] ``Infamous and perjured evidences.'' --Sir W. Scott. [1913 Webster] 3. (Law) That which is legally submitted to competent tribunal, as a means of ascertaining the truth of any alleged matter of fact under investigation before it; means of making proof; -- the latter, strictly speaking, not being synonymous with evidence, but rather the effect of it. --Greenleaf. [1913 Webster] {Circumstantial evidence}, {Conclusive evidence}, etc. See under {Circumstantial}, {Conclusive}, etc. {Crown's evidence}, {King's evidence}, or {Queen's evidence}, evidence for the crown, in English courts; equivalent to {state's evidence} in American courts. [Eng.] {State's evidence}, evidence for the government or the people. [U. S. ] {To turn King's evidence} {To turn Queen's evidence}, or {To turn State's evidence}, to confess a crime and give evidence against one's accomplices. Syn: Testimony; proof. See {Testimony}. [1913 Webster]

Proof

Proof may refer to:

proof adj : (used in combination or as a suffix) able to withstand; "temptation-proof"; "childproof locks" [syn: {proof(p)}] n 1: any factual evidence that helps to establish the truth of something; "if you have any proof for what you say, now is the time to produce it" [syn: {cogent evidence}] 2: a formal series of statements showing that if one thing is true something else necessarily follows from it 3: a measure of alcoholic strength expressed as an integer twice the percentage of alcohol present (by volume) 4: (printing) an impression made to check for errors [syn: {test copy}, {trial impression}] 5: a trial photographic print from a negative 6: the act of validating; finding or testing the truth of something [syn: {validation}, {substantiation}] v 1: make or take a proof of, such as a photographic negative, an etching, or typeset 2: knead to reach proper lightness; "proof dough" 3: read for errors; "I should proofread my manuscripts" [syn: {proofread}] 4: activate by mixing with water and sometimes sugar or milk; "proof yeast" 5: make resistant to water, sound, errors, etc.; "proof the materials against shrinking in the dryer"

278 Moby Thesaurus words for "proof": Christophany, Ditto copy, Photostat, Satanophany, Xerox, Xerox copy, absolute indication, account, acid test, acquaintance, affirmation, airtight, ammunition, angelophany, announcement, appearance, argument, assay, attestation, authentication, avatar, backing, backing up, ballproof, basis for belief, bearing out, blank determination, blue, blue book, blueprint, body of evidence, bolstering, bombproof, briefing, bring out, brouillon, bulletin, bulletproof, burden of proof, burglarproof, buttressing, certification, chain of evidence, circumstantiation, clue, cold-type proof, color proof, communication, communique, computer proof, conclusive evidence, confirmation, contact print, corroboration, corroboratory evidence, corrosionproof, criterion, crucial test, crucible, damning evidence, dampproof, data, datum, deduction, deductive reasoning, demonstration, determination, directory, disclosure, discourse, discourse of reason, discursive reason, dispatch, dissemination, docimasy, document, documentation, embodiment, engrave, enlargement, enlightenment, epiphany, essay, establishment, evidence, evincement, exhibit, expression, fact, facts, factual information, familiarization, feeling out, fire-resisting, fireproof, first draft, flameproof, foolproof, fortification, foundry proof, galley, galley proof, gen, general information, get out, ground, grounds, grounds for belief, guidebook, handout, hard information, hectograph, hectograph copy, hermetic, holeproof, impenetrable, impervious, impervious to, impregnable, impress, impression, imprint, incarnation, incidental information, incontrovertible evidence, indication, indisputable evidence, induction, inductive reasoning, info, information, instruction, insulate, intelligence, ironclad proof, issue, item of evidence, kiteflying, knowledge, leakproof, light, logical thought, manifestation, mark, material grounds, materialization, measure, mention, message, mimeograph, mimeograph copy, multigraph, muniments, mute witness, negative, noiseproof, notice, notification, offprint, onus, onus probandi, ordeal, overprint, page proof, philosophy, photocopy, photograph, photostatic copy, piece of evidence, plate proof, pneumatophany, positive, premises, presentation, press proof, print, probation, progressive proof, promotional material, proof against, proof before letter, proof sheet, protective, prove, proving, proving out, publication, publicity, publish, pull, pull a proof, punctureproof, put out, put to bed, put to press, ratification, ratiocination, rationalism, rationality, rationalization, rationalizing, reason, reason to believe, reasonableness, reasoning, reinforcement, reissue, release, relevant fact, report, reprint, repro proof, resistant, revelation, revise, rough draft, rough sketch, run, run off, rustproof, settlement, shatterproof, shellproof, sidelight, sign, slip, sophistry, sounding out, soundproof, specious reasoning, stamp, standard, stat, statement, stone proof, strengthening, strike, strong, substantiation, support, supporting evidence, sure sign, sweet reason, symptom, tempered, test, test case, testament, testimonial, testimony, the dope, the goods, the know, the scoop, theophany, tight, token, touchstone, tough, transmission, trial, trial impression, try, undergirding, unmistakable sign, validation, vandyke, verification, waterproof, watertight, weatherproof, wherefore, white book, white paper, why, whyfor, witness, word

Proof \Proof\, n. [OF. prove, proeve, F. preuve, fr. L. proba, fr. probare to prove. See {Prove}.] [1913 Webster] 1. Any effort, process, or operation designed to establish or discover a fact or truth; an act of testing; a test; a trial. [1913 Webster] For whatsoever mother wit or art Could work, he put in proof. --Spenser. [1913 Webster] You shall have many proofs to show your skill. --Ford. [1913 Webster] Formerly, a very rude mode of ascertaining the strength of spirits was practiced, called the proof. --Ure. [1913 Webster] 2. That degree of evidence which convinces the mind of any truth or fact, and produces belief; a test by facts or arguments that induce, or tend to induce, certainty of the judgment; conclusive evidence; demonstration. [1913 Webster] I'll have some proof. --Shak. [1913 Webster] It is no proof of a man's understanding to be able to confirm whatever he pleases. --Emerson. [1913 Webster] Note: Properly speaking, proof is the effect or result of evidence, evidence is the medium of proof. Cf. {Demonstration}, 1. [1913 Webster] 3. The quality or state of having been proved or tried; firmness or hardness that resists impression, or does not yield to force; impenetrability of physical bodies. [1913 Webster] 4. Firmness of mind; stability not to be shaken. [1913 Webster] 5. (Print.) A trial impression, as from type, taken for correction or examination; -- called also {proof sheet}. [1913 Webster] 6. (Math.) A process for testing the accuracy of an operation performed. Cf. {Prove}, v. t., 5. [1913 Webster] 7. Armor of excellent or tried quality, and deemed impenetrable; properly, armor of proof. [Obs.] --Shak. [1913 Webster] {Artist's proof}, a very early proof impression of an engraving, or the like; -- often distinguished by the artist's signature. {Proof reader}, one who reads, and marks correction in, proofs. See def. 5, above. [1913 Webster] Syn: Testimony; evidence; reason; argument; trial; demonstration. See {Testimony}. [1913 Webster]

Proof \Proof\, a. [1913 Webster] 1. Used in proving or testing; as, a proof load, or proof charge. [1913 Webster] 2. Firm or successful in resisting; as, proof against harm; waterproof; bombproof. [1913 Webster] I . . . have found thee Proof against all temptation. --Milton. [1913 Webster] This was a good, stout proof article of faith. --Burke. [1913 Webster] 3. Being of a certain standard as to strength; -- said of alcoholic liquors. [1913 Webster] {Proof charge} (Firearms), a charge of powder and ball, greater than the service charge, fired in an arm, as a gun or cannon, to test its strength. {Proof impression}. See under {Impression}. {Proof load} (Engin.), the greatest load than can be applied to a piece, as a beam, column, etc., without straining the piece beyond the elastic limit. {Proof sheet}. See {Proof}, n., 5. {Proof spirit} (Chem.), a strong distilled liquor, or mixture of alcohol and water, containing not less than a standard amount of alcohol. In the United States ``proof spirit is defined by law to be that mixture of alcohol and water which contains one half of its volume of alcohol, the alcohol when at a temperature of 60[deg] Fahrenheit being of specific gravity 0.7939 referred to water at its maximum density as unity. Proof spirit has at 60[deg] Fahrenheit a specific gravity of 0.93353, 100 parts by volume of the same consisting of 50 parts of absolute alcohol and 53.71 parts of water,'' the apparent excess of water being due to contraction of the liquids on mixture. In England proof spirit is defined by Act 58, George III., to be such as shall at a temperature of 51[deg] Fahrenheit weigh exactly the 12/13 part of an equal measure of distilled water. This contains 49.3 per cent by weight, or 57.09 by volume, of alcohol. Stronger spirits, as those of about 60, 70, and 80 per cent of alcohol, are sometimes called second, third, and fourth proof spirits respectively. {Proof staff}, a straight-edge used by millers to test the flatness of a stone. {Proof stick} (Sugar Manuf.), a rod in the side of a vacuum pan, for testing the consistency of the sirup. {Proof text}, a passage of Scripture used to prove a doctrine. [1913 Webster]

proof 1. A {finite} sequence of {well-formed formula}s, F1, F2, ... Fn, where each Fi either is an {axiom}, or follows by some rule of inference from some of the previous F's, and Fn is the statement being proved. See also {proof theory}. 2. A left-associative {natural language} {parser} by Craig R. Latta . Ported to {Decstation 3100}, {Sun-4}. {(ftp://scam.berkeley.edu/pub/src/local/proof/)}. E-mail: . Mailing list: proof-requestf@xcf.berkeley.edu (Subject: add me). (1994-11-29)

PROOF-:READER:, n. A malefactor who atones for making your writing nonsense by permitting the compositor to make it unintelligible.

PROOF, n. Evidence having a shade more of plausibility than of unlikelihood. The testimony of two credible witnesses as opposed to that of only one.

Data Sources:

  • evidence: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • evidence: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • evidence: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • evidence: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • proof: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • proof: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • proof: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • proof: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • proof: The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03)
  • proof: THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993)
  • proof: THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993)

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