Epistemology and Metaphysics

Epistemology

Epistemology () is the branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and scope (limitations) of knowledge.

epistemology n : the philosophical theory of knowledge

27 Moby Thesaurus words for "epistemology": aesthetics, axiology, casuistry, cosmology, ethics, first philosophy, gnosiology, logic, mental philosophy, metaphysics, moral philosophy, ontology, phenomenology, philosophastry, philosophic doctrine, philosophic system, philosophic theory, philosophical inquiry, philosophical speculation, philosophy, school of philosophy, school of thought, science of being, sophistry, theory of beauty, theory of knowledge, value theory

epistemology \e*pis`te*mol"o*gy\, n. [Gr. ? knowledge + -logy.] The theory or science of the method or grounds of knowledge. [1913 Webster]

Metaphysics

Metaphysics is a traditional branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world, although the term is not easily defined.

metaphysics n : the philosophical study of being and knowing

30 Moby Thesaurus words for "metaphysics": aesthetics, axiology, casuistry, cosmology, epistemology, ethics, existentialism, first philosophy, gnosiology, hyperphysics, logic, mental philosophy, moral philosophy, ontology, phenomenology, philosophastry, philosophic doctrine, philosophic system, philosophic theory, philosophical inquiry, philosophical speculation, philosophy, school of philosophy, school of thought, science of being, sophistry, the first philosophy, theory of beauty, theory of knowledge, value theory

Metaphysics \Met`a*phys"ics\, n. [Gr. ? ? ? after those things which relate to external nature, after physics, fr. ? beyond, after + ? relating to external nature, natural, physical, fr. ? nature: cf. F. m['e]taphysique. See {Physics}. The term was first used by the followers of Aristotle as a name for that part of his writings which came after, or followed, the part which treated of physics.] 1. The science of real as distinguished from phenomenal being; ontology; also, the science of being, with reference to its abstract and universal conditions, as distinguished from the science of determined or concrete being; the science of the conceptions and relations which are necessarily implied as true of every kind of being; philosophy in general; first principles, or the science of first principles. [1913 Webster] Note: Metaphysics is distinguished as general and special. {General metaphysics} is the science of all being as being. {Special metaphysics} is the science of one kind of being; as, the metaphysics of chemistry, of morals, or of politics. According to Kant, a systematic exposition of those notions and truths, the knowledge of which is altogether independent of experience, would constitute the science of metaphysics. [1913 Webster] Commonly, in the schools, called metaphysics, as being part of the philosophy of Aristotle, which hath that for title; but it is in another sense: for there it signifieth as much as ``books written or placed after his natural philosophy.'' But the schools take them for ``books of supernatural philosophy;'' for the word metaphysic will bear both these senses. --Hobbes. [1913 Webster] Now the science conversant about all such inferences of unknown being from its known manifestations, is called ontology, or metaphysics proper. --Sir W. Hamilton. [1913 Webster] Metaphysics are [is] the science which determines what can and what can not be known of being, and the laws of being, a priori. --Coleridge. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence: The scientific knowledge of mental phenomena; mental philosophy; psychology. [1913 Webster] Metaphysics, in whatever latitude the term be taken, is a science or complement of sciences exclusively occupied with mind. --Sir W. Hamilton. [1913 Webster] Whether, after all, A larger metaphysics might not help Our physics. --Mrs. Browning. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • epistemology: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • epistemology: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • epistemology: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • metaphysics: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • metaphysics: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • metaphysics: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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