Engineering and Manufacturing

Engineering

Engineering is the science, skill, and profession of acquiring and applying scientific, economic, social, and practical knowledge, in order to design and also build structures, machines, devices, systems, materials and processes.

engineering n 1: the practical application of science to commerce or industry [syn: {technology}] 2: the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems; "he had trouble deciding which branch of engineering to study" [syn: {engineering science}, {applied science}, {technology}] 3: a room (as on a ship) in which the engine is located [syn: {engine room}]

Engineering \En`gi*neer"ing\, n. Originally, the art of managing engines; in its modern and extended sense, the art and science by which the properties of matter are made useful to man, whether in structures, machines, chemical substances, or living organisms; the occupation and work of an engineer. In the modern sense, the application of mathematics or systematic knowledge beyond the routine skills of practise, for the design of any complex system which performs useful functions, may be considered as engineering, including such abstract tasks as designing software ({software engineering}). [1913 Webster +PJC] Note: In a comprehensive sense, engineering includes architecture as a mechanical art, in distinction from architecture as a fine art. It was formerly divided into military engineering, which is the art of designing and constructing offensive and defensive works, and civil engineering, in a broad sense, as relating to other kinds of public works, machinery, etc. {Civil engineering}, in modern usage, is strictly the art of planning, laying out, and constructing fixed public works, such as railroads, highways, canals, aqueducts, water works, bridges, lighthouses, docks, embankments, breakwaters, dams, tunnels, etc. {Mechanical engineering} relates to machinery, such as steam engines, machine tools, mill work, etc. {Mining engineering} deals with the excavation and working of mines, and the extraction of metals from their ores, etc. Engineering is further divided into steam engineering, gas engineering, agricultural engineering, topographical engineering, electrical engineering, etc. [1913 Webster]

Engineer \En`gi*neer"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Engineered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Engineering}.] 1. To lay out or construct, as an engineer; to perform the work of an engineer on; as, to engineer a road. --J. Hamilton. [1913 Webster] 2. To use contrivance and effort for; to guide the course of; to manage; as, to engineer a bill through Congress. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster]

Manufacturing

Manufacturing is the production of goods for use or sale using labor and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.

Manufacture \Man`u*fac"ture\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Manufactured}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Manufacturing}.] [Cf. F. manufacturer.] 1. To make (wares or other products) by hand, by machinery, or by other agency; as, to manufacture cloth, nails, glass, etc. [1913 Webster] 2. To work, as raw or partly wrought materials, into suitable forms for use; as, to manufacture wool, cotton, silk, or iron. [1913 Webster]

Manufacturing \Man`u*fac"tur*ing\, a. 1. Employed, or chiefly employed, in manufacture; as, a manufacturing community; a manufacturing town. [1913 Webster] 2. Pertaining to manufacture; as, manufacturing projects. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • engineering: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • engineering: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • engineering: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • manufacturing: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • manufacturing: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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