Emphysema and Pneumonia

Emphysema

Emphysema is a long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath. Subcutaneous emphysema is a condition where air is present beneath the skin.

emphysema n : an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age [syn: {pulmonary emphysema}]

63 Moby Thesaurus words for "emphysema": Asiatic flu, Hong Kong flu, acute bronchitis, adenoiditis, aluminosis, amygdalitis, anthracosilicosis, anthracosis, asbestosis, asthma, atypical pneumonia, bituminosis, black lung, bronchial pneumonia, bronchiectasis, bronchiolitis, bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, catarrh, chalicosis, chronic bronchitis, cold, collapsed lung, common cold, coniosis, coryza, croup, croupous pneumonia, double pneumonia, dry pleurisy, empyema, epidemic pleurodynia, fibrinous pneumonia, flu, grippe, hay fever, influenza, la grippe, laryngitis, lipoid pneumonia, lobar pneumonia, lung cancer, lung fever, pharyngitis, pleurisy, pleuritis, pneumococcal pneumonia, pneumoconiosis, pneumonia, pneumonic fever, pneumothorax, quinsy, rheum, siderosis, silicosis, sore throat, swine flu, the sniffles, the snuffles, tonsilitis, virus pneumonia, wet pleurisy, whooping cough

Emphysema \Em`phy*se"ma\, n. [NL., from Gr. ? inflation, fr. ? to inflate; ? in + ? to blow: cf. F. emphys[`e]me.] (Med.) A swelling produced by gas or air diffused in the cellular tissue. [1913 Webster] {Emphysema of the lungs}, {Pulmonary emphysema} (Med.), a common disease of the lungs in which the air cells are distended and their partition walls ruptured by an abnormal pressure of the air contained in them. [1913 Webster]

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung—affecting primarily the microscopic air sacs known as alveoli.

pneumonia n : respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants

186 Moby Thesaurus words for "pneumonia": African lethargy, Asiatic cholera, Asiatic flu, Chagres fever, German measles, Haverhill fever, Hong Kong flu, acute articular rheumatism, acute bronchitis, adenoiditis, ague, alkali disease, aluminosis, amebiasis, amebic dysentery, amygdalitis, anthracosilicosis, anthracosis, anthrax, asbestosis, asthma, atypical pneumonia, bacillary dysentery, bastard measles, bituminosis, black death, black fever, black lung, blackwater fever, breakbone fever, bronchial pneumonia, bronchiectasis, bronchiolitis, bronchitis, bronchopneumonia, brucellosis, bubonic plague, cachectic fever, catarrh, cerebral rheumatism, chalicosis, chicken pox, cholera, chronic bronchitis, cold, collapsed lung, common cold, coniosis, coryza, cowpox, croup, croupous pneumonia, dandy fever, deer fly fever, dengue, dengue fever, diphtheria, double pneumonia, dry pleurisy, dumdum fever, dysentery, elephantiasis, emphysema, empyema, encephalitis lethargica, enteric fever, epidemic pleurodynia, erysipelas, famine fever, fibrinous pneumonia, five-day fever, flu, frambesia, glandular fever, grippe, hansenosis, hay fever, hepatitis, herpes, herpes simplex, herpes zoster, histoplasmosis, hookworm, hydrophobia, infantile paralysis, infectious mononucleosis, inflammatory rheumatism, influenza, jail fever, jungle rot, kala azar, kissing disease, la grippe, laryngitis, lepra, leprosy, leptospirosis, lipoid pneumonia, loa loa, loaiasis, lobar pneumonia, lockjaw, lung cancer, lung fever, madness, malaria, malarial fever, marsh fever, measles, meningitis, milzbrand, mumps, ornithosis, osteomyelitis, paratyphoid fever, parotitis, parrot fever, pertussis, pharyngitis, pleurisy, pleuritis, pneumococcal pneumonia, pneumoconiosis, pneumonic fever, pneumothorax, polio, poliomyelitis, polyarthritis rheumatism, ponos, psittacosis, quinsy, rabbit fever, rabies, rat-bite fever, relapsing fever, rheum, rheumatic fever, rickettsialpox, ringworm, rubella, rubeola, scarlatina, scarlet fever, schistosomiasis, septic sore throat, shingles, siderosis, silicosis, sleeping sickness, sleepy sickness, smallpox, snail fever, sore throat, splenic fever, spotted fever, strep throat, swamp fever, swine flu, tetanus, the sniffles, the snuffles, thrush, tinea, tonsilitis, trench fever, trench mouth, tuberculosis, tularemia, typhoid, typhoid fever, typhus, typhus fever, undulant fever, vaccinia, varicella, variola, venereal disease, viral dysentery, virus pneumonia, wet pleurisy, whooping cough, yaws, yellow fever, yellow jack, zona, zoster

Pneumonia \Pneu*mo"ni*a\ (n[-u]*m[=o]"n[i^]*[.a]), n. [NL., fr. Gr. pneymoni`a, fr. pney`mwn, pl. pney`mones the lungs, also, pley`mwn, which is perh. the original form. Cf. {Pneumatio}, {Pulmonary}.] (Med.) Inflammation of the lungs. [1913 Webster] Note: {Catarrhal pneumonia}, or {Broncho-pneumonia}, is inflammation of the lung tissue, associated with catarrh and with marked evidences of inflammation of bronchial membranes, often chronic; -- also called {lobular pneumonia}, from its affecting single lobules at a time. {Croupous pneumonia}, or ordinary pneumonia, is an acute affection characterized by sudden onset with a chill, high fever, rapid course, and sudden decline; -- also called {lobar pneumonia}, from its affecting a whole lobe of the lung at once. See under {Croupous}. {Fibroid pneumonia} is an inflammation of the interstitial connective tissue lying between the lobules of the lungs, and is very slow in its course, producing shrinking and atrophy of the lungs. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • emphysema: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • emphysema: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • emphysema: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • pneumonia: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • pneumonia: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • pneumonia: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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