Dwarf and Midget

Dwarf

Dwarfism () occurs when an individual person or animal is short in stature resulting from a medical condition caused by abnormal (slow or delayed) growth.

dwarf n 1: a person who is abnormally small [syn: {midget}, {nanus}] 2: a legendary creature resembling a tiny old man; lives in the depths of the earth and guards buried treasure [syn: {gnome}] v 1: make appear small by comparison; "This year's debt dwarves that of last year" [syn: {shadow}, {overshadow}] 2: check the growth of; "the lack of sunlight dwarfed these pines" [also: {dwarves} (pl)]

131 Moby Thesaurus words for "dwarf": Ariel, Befind, Corrigan, Finnbeara, Lilliputian, Mab, Oberon, Titania, Tom Thumb, ace, atom, banshee, bedwarf, belittle, bit, bitsy, brownie, cluricaune, dab, de-emphasize, detract from, diminish, diminutive, dole, dominate, dot, downplay, dram, dribble, driblet, dumpy, dwarfed, dwarfish, elf, elfin, fairy, fairy queen, farthing, fay, fleck, flyspeck, fragment, gnome, gobbet, goblin, grain, granule, gremlin, groat, hair, handful, hob, homunculus, imp, incipient, iota, jot, kobold, leprechaun, lilliputian, little, little bit, manikin, meager, midge, midget, miniature, minify, minikin, minim, minimize, minimum, minimus, minutiae, mite, modicum, molecule, mote, nanoid, nutshell, ounce, ouphe, overshadow, particle, pebble, peewee, peri, pinch, pip-squeak, pittance, pixie, play down, point, pooka, puca, pwca, pygmy, rudimental, rudimentary, runt, runty, scraggy, scrubby, scruple, shrimp, shriveled, shrunk, shrunken, smidgen, smitch, speck, spoonful, spot, sprite, squat, stunted, suppress, sylph, sylphid, thimbleful, tiny bit, tittle, trifling amount, trivia, underplay, undersize, undersized, wart, wee, whit, wizened

Dwarf \Dwarf\, v. i. To become small; to diminish in size. [1913 Webster] Strange power of the world that, the moment we enter it, our great conceptions dwarf. --Beaconsfield. [1913 Webster]

Dwarf \Dwarf\, n.; pl. {Dwarfs}. [OE. dwergh, dwerf, dwarf, AS. dweorg, dweorh; akin to D. dwerg, MHG. twerc, G. zwerg, Icel. dvergr, Sw. & Dan. dverg; of unknown origin.] 1. An animal or plant which is much below the ordinary size of its species or kind. [1913 Webster] 2. Especially: A diminutive human being, small in stature due to a pathological condition which causes a distortion of the proportions of body parts to each other, such as the limbs, torso, and head. A person of unusually small height who has normal body proportions is usually called a {midget}. [PJC] Note: During the Middle Ages dwarfs as well as fools shared the favor of courts and the nobility. [1913 Webster] 3. (Folklore) A small, usually misshapen person, typically a man, who may have magical powers; mythical dwarves were often depicted as living underground in caves. [PJC] Note: Dwarf is used adjectively in reference to anything much below the usual or normal size; as, a dwarf pear tree; dwarf honeysuckle. [1913 Webster] {Dwarf elder} (Bot.), danewort. {Dwarf wall} (Arch.), a low wall, not as high as the story of a building, often used as a garden wall or fence. --Gwilt. [1913 Webster]

Dwarf \Dwarf\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Dwarfed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Dwarfing}.] To hinder from growing to the natural size; to make or keep small; to stunt. --Addison. [1913 Webster] Even the most common moral ideas and affections . . . would be stunted and dwarfed, if cut off from a spiritual background. --J. C. Shairp. [1913 Webster]

Dwarf a lean or emaciated person (Lev. 21:20).

Midget

A midget is a short person with relatively average bodily proportions in comparison with other human beings.

midget adj : very small; "diminutive in stature"; "a lilliputian chest of drawers"; "her petite figure"; "tiny feet"; "the flyspeck nation of Bahrain moved toward democracy" [syn: {bantam}, {diminutive}, {lilliputian}, {petite}, {tiny}, {flyspeck}] n : a person who is abnormally small [syn: {dwarf}, {nanus}]

41 Moby Thesaurus words for "midget": Lilliputian, Tom Thumb, brownie, diminutive, dumpy, dwarf, dwarfed, dwarfish, elf, elfin, gnome, homunculus, incipient, lilliputian, manikin, meager, midge, miniature, minikin, nanoid, peewee, pip-squeak, pygmy, rudimental, rudimentary, runt, runty, scraggy, scrubby, shrimp, shriveled, shrunk, shrunken, squat, stunted, teeny, undersize, undersized, wart, wee, wizened

Midget \Midg"et\, n. [Dim. of midge.] 1. (Zo["o]l.) A minute bloodsucking fly. [Local, U. S.] [1913 Webster] 2. A very diminutive person having normal proportions of the body parts; compare {dwarf}. [1913 Webster +PJC]

Data Sources:

  • dwarf: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • dwarf: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • dwarf: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • dwarf: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • dwarf: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • dwarf: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
  • midget: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • midget: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • midget: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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