Disorder and Syndrome

Disorder

A disease is an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism. It is often construed to be a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs.

disorder n 1: condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning; "the doctor prescribed some medicine for the disorder"; "everyone gets stomach upsets from time to time" [syn: {upset}] 2: a condition in which things are not in their expected places; "the files are in complete disorder" [syn: {disorderliness}] [ant: {orderliness}, {orderliness}] 3: a disturbance of the peace or of public order [ant: {order}] v 1: disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed; "She was rather perturbed by the news that her father was seriously ill" [syn: {perturb}, {unhinge}, {disquiet}, {trouble}, {cark}, {distract}] 2: bring disorder to [syn: {disarray}] [ant: {order}]

390 Moby Thesaurus words for "disorder": abnormality, acute disease, affection, afflict, affliction, affray, agitation, ailment, allergic disease, allergy, aloofness, amorphia, amorphism, amorphousness, anarchism, anarcho-syndicalism, anarchy, anomie, antinomianism, ataxia, atrophy, bacterial disease, badness, ball up, battle, battle royal, bedlam, befuddle, befuddlement, bewilderment, birth defect, blight, blobbiness, blur, blurriness, bluster, bobbery, boil, boiling, bother, botheration, brawl, broadness, brouhaha, bustle, capriciousness, cardiovascular disease, changeability, changeableness, chaos, choppiness, chronic disease, churn, circulatory disease, civil disorder, clamor, cloud, clutter, commotion, complaint, complication, condition, confound, confuse, confusion, congenital defect, conturbation, convulsion, criminal syndicalism, dappleness, daze, debilitate, defect, deficiency disease, deform, deformity, degenerative disease, derange, derangement, deviation, devitalize, difference, differentiation, diffusion, disability, disable, disarrange, disarrangement, disarray, discombobulation, discomfiture, discompose, discomposure, disconcertion, discontinuity, discourtesy, discreteness, disease, dishevel, disjoint, disjunction, dislocate, dislocation, disorderliness, disorderly conduct, disorganization, disorganize, disorientation, dispersal, dispersion, disquiet, disquietude, disrupt, disruption, disruptiveness, dissolution, distemper, distort, disturb, disturbance, divarication, divergence, diversification, ebullition, embarrassment, embroil, embroilment, endemic, endemic disease, endocrine disease, enervate, enfeeble, entropy, epidemic disease, excitement, ferment, fermentation, fever, feverishness, fidgets, fight, flap, flummox, flurry, fluster, flutter, flutteration, fog, fog up, fogginess, foment, formlessness, fracas, fray, free-for-all, frenzy, frowned-upon behavior, fuddle, fuddlement, fume, functional disease, fungus disease, fuss, fuzziness, gastrointestinal disease, generality, genetic disease, handicap, hash, haze, haziness, hereditary disease, hooliganism, horseplay, hospitalize, hubbub, huddle, hullabaloo, hurly-burly, iatrogenic disease, ill, ill-definedness, illness, imprecision, impropriety, inaccuracy, incapacitate, inchoateness, incoherence, inconsistency, inconstancy, indecisiveness, indefinableness, indefiniteness, indeterminateness, indispose, indisposition, inequality, inexactness, infectious disease, infirmity, inquietude, insanity, instability, invalid, irregularity, jerkiness, jitters, jumble, jumpiness, knock galley-west, laxity, lay up, litter, looseness, lynch law, maelstrom, malady, malaise, maze, melee, mercuriality, mess, mess up, messiness, misarrange, misarrangement, misbehavior, misconduct, misdemeanor, misdoing, mishmash, misrule, mist, mistiness, mix up, mob law, mob rule, mobocracy, moil, morbidity, morbus, motleyness, muddle, muddlement, muscular disease, muss, muss up, mutability, naughtiness, nerviness, nervosity, nervousness, neurological disease, nihilism, nonadhesion, noncohesion, nonconformism, nonconformity, nonsanctioned behavior, nonstandardization, nonuniformity, nutritional disease, obfuscate, obscuration, obscure, obscurity, occupational disease, ochlocracy, orderlessness, organic disease, pandemic disease, pandemonium, pathological condition, pathology, perplexity, perturb, perturbation, plant disease, pluralism, pother, primal chaos, protozoan disease, psychosomatic disease, pucker, raggedness, rebellion, reduce, respiratory disease, restlessness, revolution, riot, rockiness, roil, roughhouse, rout, row, rowdiness, rowdyism, ruffianism, ruffle, rummage, rumple, rumpus, scatter, scattering, scramble, scuffle, secondary disease, seediness, seethe, seething, separateness, shake up, shambles, shapelessness, shuffle, shuffling, sicken, sickishness, sickness, signs, snarl, stew, stir, sweat, sweepingness, swirl, swivet, symptomatology, symptomology, symptoms, syndicalism, syndrome, tangle, the pip, tizzy, to-do, tohubohu, topsy-turviness, tousle, trepidation, trepidity, tumble, tumult, tumultuation, turbidity, turbulence, turmoil, turn, twitter, unadherence, unadhesiveness, unclearness, unconformism, unconformity, unease, unevenness, unform, unhinge, unorthodoxy, unrest, unruliness, unsettle, unsettlement, unshape, unsteadiness, untenacity, untidiness, upheaval, uproar, upset, urogenital disease, vagueness, vandalism, variability, variation, variegation, variety, variousness, venial sin, versatility, vice, violence, virus disease, wasting disease, wavering, weaken, worm disease, wrongdoing

Disorder \Dis*or"der\, n. [Pref. dis- + order: cf. F. d['e]sordre.] 1. Want of order or regular disposition; lack of arrangement; confusion; disarray; as, the troops were thrown into disorder; the papers are in disorder. [1913 Webster] 2. Neglect of order or system; irregularity. [1913 Webster] From vulgar bounds with brave disorder part, And snatch a grace beyond the reach of art. --Pope. [1913 Webster] 3. Breach of public order; disturbance of the peace of society; tumult. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 4. Disturbance of the functions of the animal economy or of the soul; sickness; derangement. ``Disorder in the body.'' --Locke. Syn: Irregularity; disarrangement; confusion; tumult; bustle; disturbance; disease; illness; indisposition; sickness; ailment; malady; distemper. See {Disease}. [1913 Webster]

Disorder \Dis*or"der\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Disordered}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Disordering}.] 1. To disturb the order of; to derange or disarrange; to throw into confusion; to confuse. [1913 Webster] Disordering the whole frame or jurisprudence. --Burke. [1913 Webster] The burden . . . disordered the aids and auxiliary rafters into a common ruin. --Jer. Taylor. [1913 Webster] 2. To disturb or interrupt the regular and natural functions of (either body or mind); to produce sickness or indisposition in; to discompose; to derange; as, to disorder the head or stomach. [1913 Webster] A man whose judgment was so much disordered by party spirit. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster] 3. To depose from holy orders. [Obs.] --Dryden. Syn: To disarrange; derange; confuse; discompose. [1913 Webster]

Syndrome

In medicine and psychology, a syndrome is the association of several clinically recognizable features, signs (observed by someone other than the patient), symptoms (reported by the patient), phenomena or characteristics that often occur together, so that the presence of one or more features alerts the healthcare provider to the possible presence of the others.

syndrome n 1: a complex of concurrent things; "every word has a syndrome of meanings" 2: a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease

72 Moby Thesaurus words for "syndrome": abnormality, acute disease, affection, affliction, ailment, allergic disease, allergy, atrophy, bacterial disease, birth defect, blight, cardiovascular disease, chronic disease, circulatory disease, complaint, complication, condition, congenital defect, defect, deficiency disease, deformity, degenerative disease, disability, disease, disorder, distemper, endemic, endemic disease, endocrine disease, epidemic disease, functional disease, fungus disease, gastrointestinal disease, genetic disease, handicap, hereditary disease, iatrogenic disease, ill, illness, indisposition, infectious disease, infirmity, malady, malaise, morbidity, morbus, muscular disease, neurological disease, nutritional disease, occupational disease, organic disease, pandemic disease, pathological condition, pathology, plant disease, protozoan disease, psychosomatic disease, respiratory disease, rockiness, secondary disease, seediness, sickishness, sickness, signs, symptomatology, symptomology, symptoms, the pip, urogenital disease, virus disease, wasting disease, worm disease

Syndrome \Syn"dro*me\, n. [NL., from Gr. ?; sy`n with + ? a course, a running.] 1. Concurrence. [R.] --Glanvill. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) A group of symptoms occurring together that are characteristic and indicative of some underlying cause, such as a disease. [1913 Webster] 3. generally, a pattern of characteristics or behaviors occurring together, that are sufficiently common and distinctive to indicate that they are due to a known cause. [PJC]

Data Sources:

  • disorder: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • disorder: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • disorder: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • disorder: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • syndrome: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • syndrome: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • syndrome: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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