Disease and Syndrome

Disease

A disease is an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism. It is often construed to be a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs.

disease n : an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning

55 Moby Thesaurus words for "disease": affection, affliction, ailment, bane, blight, bug, bugbear, burden, calamity, cancer, complaint, condition, contagion, contaminate, crushing burden, curse, death, debility, decrepitude, destruction, disability, disorder, epizootic, evil, feebleness, grievance, harm, ill, illness, infect, infection, infirmity, infliction, malady, malaise, misery, murrain, nemesis, open wound, pest, pestilence, plague, running sore, scourge, sickliness, sickness, syndrome, taint, thorn, torment, unhealthiness, vexation, virus, visitation, woe

Disease \Dis*ease"\, n. [OE. disese, OF. desaise; des- (L. dis-) + aise ease. See {Ease}.] 1. Lack of ease; uneasiness; trouble; vexation; disquiet. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] So all that night they passed in great disease. --Spenser. [1913 Webster] To shield thee from diseases of the world. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. An alteration in the state of the body or of some of its organs, interrupting or disturbing the performance of the vital functions, and causing or threatening pain and weakness; malady; affection; illness; sickness; disorder; -- applied figuratively to the mind, to the moral character and habits, to institutions, the state, etc. [1913 Webster] Diseases desperate grown, By desperate appliances are relieved. --Shak. [1913 Webster] The instability, injustice, and confusion introduced into the public counsels have, in truth, been the mortal diseases under which popular governments have every where perished. --Madison. [1913 Webster] {Disease germ}. See under {Germ}. Syn: Distemper; ailing; ailment; malady; disorder; sickness; illness; complaint; indisposition; affection. -- {Disease}, {Disorder}, {Distemper}, {Malady}, {Affection}. Disease is the leading medical term. Disorder mean? much the same, with perhaps some slight reference to an irregularity of the system. Distemper is now used by physicians only of the diseases of animals. Malady is not a medical term, and is less used than formerly in literature. Affection has special reference to the part, organ, or function disturbed; as, his disease is an affection of the lungs. A disease is usually deep-seated and permanent, or at least prolonged; a disorder is often slight, partial, and temporary; malady has less of a technical sense than the other terms, and refers more especially to the suffering endured. In a figurative sense we speak of a disease mind, of disordered faculties, and of mental maladies. [1913 Webster]

Disease \Dis*ease"\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Diseased}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Diseasing}.] 1. To deprive of ease; to disquiet; to trouble; to distress. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] His double burden did him sore disease. --Spenser. [1913 Webster] 2. To derange the vital functions of; to afflict with disease or sickness; to disorder; -- used almost exclusively in the participle diseased. [1913 Webster] He was diseased in body and mind. --Macaulay. [1913 Webster]

Syndrome

In medicine and psychology, a syndrome is the association of several clinically recognizable features, signs (observed by someone other than the patient), symptoms (reported by the patient), phenomena or characteristics that often occur together, so that the presence of one or more features alerts the healthcare provider to the possible presence of the others.

syndrome n 1: a complex of concurrent things; "every word has a syndrome of meanings" 2: a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease

72 Moby Thesaurus words for "syndrome": abnormality, acute disease, affection, affliction, ailment, allergic disease, allergy, atrophy, bacterial disease, birth defect, blight, cardiovascular disease, chronic disease, circulatory disease, complaint, complication, condition, congenital defect, defect, deficiency disease, deformity, degenerative disease, disability, disease, disorder, distemper, endemic, endemic disease, endocrine disease, epidemic disease, functional disease, fungus disease, gastrointestinal disease, genetic disease, handicap, hereditary disease, iatrogenic disease, ill, illness, indisposition, infectious disease, infirmity, malady, malaise, morbidity, morbus, muscular disease, neurological disease, nutritional disease, occupational disease, organic disease, pandemic disease, pathological condition, pathology, plant disease, protozoan disease, psychosomatic disease, respiratory disease, rockiness, secondary disease, seediness, sickishness, sickness, signs, symptomatology, symptomology, symptoms, the pip, urogenital disease, virus disease, wasting disease, worm disease

Syndrome \Syn"dro*me\, n. [NL., from Gr. ?; sy`n with + ? a course, a running.] 1. Concurrence. [R.] --Glanvill. [1913 Webster] 2. (Med.) A group of symptoms occurring together that are characteristic and indicative of some underlying cause, such as a disease. [1913 Webster] 3. generally, a pattern of characteristics or behaviors occurring together, that are sufficiently common and distinctive to indicate that they are due to a known cause. [PJC]

Data Sources:

  • disease: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • disease: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • disease: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • disease: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • syndrome: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • syndrome: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • syndrome: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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