Diesel and Kerosene

Diesel

A diesel engine (also known as a compression-ignition engine) is an internal combustion engine that uses the heat of compression to initiate ignition to burn the fuel, which is injected into the combustion chamber.

Diesel n 1: German engineer (born in France) who invented the diesel engine (1858-1913) [syn: {Rudolf Diesel}, {Rudolf Christian Karl Diesel}] 2: an internal-combustion engine that burns heavy oil [syn: {diesel engine}, {diesel motor}]

DIESEL Dumb Interpretatively Evaluated String Expression Language (AutoCAD)

Diesel \Diesel\, Diesel engine \Die"sel en`gine\ or Diesel motor \Die"sel mo`tor\ (d[=e]"zel). [After Dr. Rudolf Diesel, of Munich, the inventor.] A type of internal-combustion engine in which the air drawn in by the suction stroke is so highly compressed that the heat generated ignites the fuel (usually a heavy oil), the fuel being automatically sprayed into the cylinder under pressure. The Diesel engine has a very high thermal efficiency. [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Kerosene

Kerosene is a combustible hydrocarbon liquid. The name is derived from Greek keros (κηρός wax). The word "Kerosene" was registered as a trademark by Abraham Gesner in 1854, and for several years, only the North American Gas Light Company and the Downer Company (to which Gesner had granted the right) were allowed to call their lamp oil "Kerosene" in the United States.

kerosene n : a flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters [syn: {kerosine}, {lamp oil}, {coal oil}]

63 Moby Thesaurus words for "kerosene": alcohol, avgas, benzine, briquette, burnable, butane, carbon, charcoal, coal, coal oil, coke, combustible, crude, crude oil, dope, electricity, ethane, ethanol, ethyl, ethyl gas, fireball, firing, flammable, flammable material, fossil oil, fuel, fuel additive, fuel dope, gas, gas carbon, gasoline, heptane, hexane, high-octane gas, high-test, illuminant, illuminating gas, inflammable, inflammable material, isooctane, jet fuel, lead-free gas, light source, low-lead gas, luminant, methane, methanol, motor oil, natural gas, octane, oil, paraffin, peat, pentane, petrol, petroleum, premium gas, propane, propellant, regular, rock oil, rocket fuel, turf

Kerosene \Ker"o*sene`\, n. [Gr. ? wax.] An oil used for illuminating purposes, formerly obtained from the distillation of mineral wax, bituminous shale, etc., and hence called also {coal oil}. It is now produced in immense quantities, chiefly by the distillation and purification of petroleum. It consists chiefly of several hydrocarbons of the methane series, having from 10 to 16 carbon atoms in each molecule, and having a higher boiling point (175 - 325[deg] C) than gasoline or the petroleum ethers, and a lower boling point than the oils. [1913 Webster +PJC]

Data Sources:

  • diesel: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • diesel: Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (Version 1.9, June 2002)
  • diesel: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • kerosene: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • kerosene: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • kerosene: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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