Dictionary and Thesaurus

Dictionary

A dictionary (also called a wordbook, lexicon or vocabulary) is a collection of words in one or more specific languages, often listed alphabetically (or by radical and stroke for ideographic languages), with usage information, definitions, etymologies, phonetics, pronunciations, and other information; or a book of words in one language with their equivalents in another, also known as a lexicon.

dictionary n : a reference book containing an alphabetical list of words with information about them [syn: {lexicon}]

37 Moby Thesaurus words for "dictionary": biographical dictionary, cant, chemical dictionary, desk dictionary, dialect dictionary, dictionary of quotations, electronics dictionary, etymological dictionary, foreign-language dictionary, gazetteer, general dictionary, geological dictionary, gloss, glossary, gradus, jargon, language, lexicon, nomenclator, onomasticon, palaver, phrase book, polyglot dictionary, promptorium, rhyming dictionary, science dictionary, slang dictionary, specialized dictionary, synonym dictionary, synonymy, terminology, thesaurus, treasury of words, unabridged dictionary, vocabulary, word list, wordbook

Dictionary \Dic"tion*a*ry\, n.; pl. {Dictionaries}. [Cf. F. dictionnaire. See {Diction}.] 1. A book containing the words of a language, arranged alphabetically, with explanations of their meanings; a lexicon; a vocabulary; a wordbook. [1913 Webster] I applied myself to the perusal of our writers; and noting whatever might be of use to ascertain or illustrate any word or phrase, accumulated in time the materials of a dictionary. --Johnson. [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, a book containing the words belonging to any system or province of knowledge, arranged alphabetically; as, a dictionary of medicine or of botany; a biographical dictionary. [1913 Webster]

DICTIONARY, n. A malevolent literary device for cramping the growth of a language and making it hard and inelastic. This dictionary, however, is a most useful work.

Thesaurus

A thesaurus is a reference work that lists words grouped together according to similarity of meaning (containing synonyms and sometimes antonyms), in contrast to a dictionary, which contains definitions and pronunciations.

thesaurus n : a book containing a classified list of synonyms [syn: {synonym finder}] [also: {thesauri} (pl)]

47 Moby Thesaurus words for "thesaurus": armory, arsenal, biographical dictionary, cache, chemical dictionary, desk dictionary, dialect dictionary, dictionary, dictionary of quotations, electronics dictionary, etymological dictionary, foreign-language dictionary, gazetteer, general dictionary, geological dictionary, gloss, glossary, gradus, lexicon, lexis, nomenclator, onomasticon, phrase book, phraseology, polyglot dictionary, promptorium, repository, rhyming dictionary, science dictionary, slang dictionary, specialized dictionary, stock of words, storehouse, synonym dictionary, synonymy, terminology, treasure trove, treasury, treasury of words, unabridged dictionary, verbiage, vocabulary, word list, wordage, wordbook, wordhoard, words

Thesaurus \The*sau"rus\, n.; pl. {Thesauri}. [L. See {Treasure}.] A treasury or storehouse; hence, a repository, especially of knowledge; -- often applied to a comprehensive work, like a dictionary or cyclopedia. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • dictionary: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • dictionary: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • dictionary: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • dictionary: THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993)
  • thesaurus: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • thesaurus: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • thesaurus: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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