Democracy and Theocracy

Democracy

Democracy is a form of government in which all eligible citizens participate equally—either directly or through elected representatives—in the proposal, development, and creation of laws.

democracy n 1: the political orientation of those who favor government by the people or by their elected representatives 2: a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them [syn: {republic}, {commonwealth}] [ant: {autocracy}] 3: the doctrine that the numerical majority of an organized group can make decisions binding on the whole group [syn: {majority rule}]

76 Moby Thesaurus words for "democracy": absolute monarchy, aristocracy, autarchy, autocracy, autonomy, coalition government, collective farm, collectivism, collectivity, collegiality, colonialism, common ownership, commonwealth, communal effort, communion, communism, community, constitutional government, constitutional monarchy, cooperation, cooperative society, dictatorship, dominion rule, duarchy, duumvirate, dyarchy, federal government, federation, feudal system, garrison state, gerontocracy, heteronomy, hierarchy, hierocracy, home rule, kibbutz, kolkhoz, limited monarchy, martial law, meritocracy, militarism, military government, mob rule, mobocracy, monarchy, neocolonialism, ochlocracy, oligarchy, pantisocracy, patriarchate, patriarchy, police state, profit sharing, public ownership, pure democracy, regency, representative democracy, representative government, republic, self-determination, self-government, sharecropping, social democracy, socialism, state ownership, stratocracy, technocracy, thearchy, theocracy, totalitarian government, totalitarian regime, town meeting, triarchy, triumvirate, tyranny, welfare state

Democracy \De*moc"ra*cy\ (d[-e]*m[o^]k"r[.a]*s[y^]), n.; pl. {Democracies} (d[-e]*m[o^]k"r[.a]*s[i^]z). [F. d['e]mocratie, fr. Gr. dhmokrati`a; dh^mos the people + kratei^n to be strong, to rule, kra`tos strength.] 1. Government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is retained and directly exercised by the people. [1913 Webster] 2. Government by popular representation; a form of government in which the supreme power is retained by the people, but is indirectly exercised through a system of representation and delegated authority periodically renewed; a constitutional representative government; a republic. [1913 Webster] 3. Collectively, the people, regarded as the source of government. --Milton. [1913 Webster] 4. The principles and policy of the Democratic party, so called. [U.S.] [1913 Webster]

Theocracy

From the perspective of the theocratic government, "God himself is recognized as the head" of the state, hence the term , from the Greek "rule of God", a term used by Josephus for the kingdoms of Israel and Judah.

theocracy n 1: a political unit governed by a deity (or by officials thought to be divinely guided) 2: the belief in government by divine guidance

57 Moby Thesaurus words for "theocracy": absolute monarchy, aristocracy, autarchy, autocracy, autonomy, coalition government, colonialism, commonwealth, constitutional government, constitutional monarchy, democracy, dictatorship, dominion rule, duarchy, duumvirate, dyarchy, federal government, federation, feudal system, garrison state, gerontocracy, heteronomy, hierarchy, hierocracy, home rule, limited monarchy, martial law, meritocracy, militarism, military government, mob rule, mobocracy, monarchy, neocolonialism, ochlocracy, oligarchy, pantisocracy, patriarchate, patriarchy, police state, pure democracy, regency, representative democracy, representative government, republic, self-determination, self-government, social democracy, stratocracy, technocracy, thearchy, totalitarian government, totalitarian regime, triarchy, triumvirate, tyranny, welfare state

Theocracy \The*oc"ra*cy\, n. [Gr. ?; ? God + ? to be strong, to rule, fr. ? strength: cf. F. th['e]ocratie. See {Theism}, and cf. {Democracy}.] 1. Government of a state by the immediate direction or administration of God; hence, the exercise of political authority by priests as representing the Deity. [1913 Webster] 2. The state thus governed, as the Hebrew commonwealth before it became a kingdom. [1913 Webster]

Theocracy a word first used by Josephus to denote that the Jews were under the direct government of God himself. The nation was in all things subject to the will of their invisible King. All the people were the servants of Jehovah, who ruled over their public and private affairs, communicating to them his will through the medium of the prophets. They were the subjects of a heavenly, not of an earthly, king. They were Jehovah's own subjects, ruled directly by him (comp. 1 Sam. 8:6-9).

Data Sources:

  • democracy: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • democracy: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • democracy: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • theocracy: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • theocracy: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • theocracy: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • theocracy: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary

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