Cubic-Zirconia and Diamond

Cubic-Zirconia

Cubic zirconia (CZ) is the cubic crystalline form of zirconium dioxide (ZrO2). The synthesized material is hard, optically flawless and usually colorless, but may be made in a variety of different colors.

Zirconia \Zir*co"ni*a\, n. [NL.] (Chem.) The oxide of zirconium ({ZrO2}), obtained as a white powder, and possessing both acid and basic properties. On account of its infusibility, and brilliant luminosity when incandescent, it is used as an ingredient of sticks for the Drummomd light. [1913 Webster] {cubic zirconia}. A colorless form of zirconia similar in appearance and refractivity to diamond, and used as a substitute for diamonds in inexpensive jewelry; -- also known by the acronym {CZ}. [PJC]

Diamond

In mineralogy, diamond (from the ancient Greek αδάμας – adámas "unbreakable") is an allotrope of carbon, where the carbon atoms are arranged in a variation of the face-centered cubic crystal structure called a diamond lattice.

diamond n 1: a transparent piece of diamond that has been cut and polished and is valued as a precious gem 2: very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem [syn: {adamant}] 3: a playing card in the minor suit of diamonds 4: the area of a baseball field that is enclosed by 3 bases and home plate [syn: {baseball diamond}, {infield}] [ant: {outfield}] 5: the baseball playing field [syn: {ball field}, {baseball field}]

DIAMOND Development and Integration of Accurate Mathematical Operations in Numerical Data-processing (ESPRIT)

171 Moby Thesaurus words for "diamond": acceptable person, ace, adamant, agate, alexandrite, amethyst, aquamarine, archery ground, athletic field, badminton court, baseball field, basketball court, beryl, best bower, billiard parlor, bloodstone, boast, bone, bower, bowling alley, bowling green, brick, brilliant, capital fellow, carbuncle, cards, carnelian, catch, cement, chalcedony, chrysoberyl, chrysolite, citrine, clubs, concrete, coral, course, court, cricket ground, croquet ground, croquet lawn, deck, demantoid, deuce, diamonds, dummy, emerald, face cards, fairway, field, find, flint, flush, football field, full house, garnet, gem, gentleman, girasol, glaciarium, godsend, golf course, golf links, good fellow, good lot, good man, good person, good sort, good thing, good woman, granite, gridiron, gym, gymnasium, hand, harlequin opal, heart of oak, hearts, heliotrope, honest man, hyacinth, ice rink, infield, iron, jack, jade, jadestone, jargoon, jasper, jewel, joker, king, knave, lady, lapis lazuli, left bower, links, marble, mensch, moonstone, morganite, nails, oak, onyx, opal, outfield, oval, pack, pair, pearl, perfect gentleman, perfect lady, peridot, persona grata, picture cards, plasma, playground, playing cards, playing field, playroom, plum, polo ground, pool hall, poolroom, pride, pride and joy, prince, prize, putting green, queen, racecourse, racket court, real man, right sort, rink, rock, rose quartz, rough diamond, round, royal flush, rubber, ruby, ruff, sapphire, sard, sardonyx, singleton, skating rink, soccer field, spades, spinel, spinel ruby, squash court, steel, stone, straight, stretch, tennis court, topaz, track, treasure, trey, trick, trophy, trouvaille, trump, turf, turquoise, windfall, winner, worthy

Diamond \Di"a*mond\ (?; 277), n. [OE. diamaund, diamaunt, F. diamant, corrupted, fr. L. adamas, the hardest iron, steel, diamond, Gr. ?. Perh. the corruption is due to the influence of Gr. ? transparent. See {Adamant}, {Tame}.] 1. A precious stone or gem excelling in brilliancy and beautiful play of prismatic colors, and remarkable for extreme hardness. [1913 Webster] Note: The diamond is native carbon in isometric crystals, often octahedrons with rounded edges. It is usually colorless, but some are yellow, green, blue, and even black. It is the hardest substance known. The diamond as found in nature (called a rough diamond) is cut, for use in jewelry, into various forms with many reflecting faces, or facets, by which its brilliancy is much increased. See {Brilliant}, {Rose}. Diamonds are said to be of the first water when very transparent, and of the second or third water as the transparency decreases. [1913 Webster] 2. A geometrical figure, consisting of four equal straight lines, and having two of the interior angles acute and two obtuse; a rhombus; a lozenge. [1913 Webster] 3. One of a suit of playing cards, stamped with the figure of a diamond. [1913 Webster] 4. (Arch.) A pointed projection, like a four-sided pyramid, used for ornament in lines or groups. [1913 Webster] 5. (Baseball) The infield; the square space, 90 feet on a side, having the bases at its angles. [1913 Webster] 6. (Print.) The smallest kind of type in English printing, except that called brilliant, which is seldom seen. [1913 Webster] Note: [hand] This line is printed in the type called {Diamond}. [1913 Webster] {Black diamond}, coal; (Min.) See {Carbonado}. {Bristol diamond}. See {Bristol stone}, under {Bristol}. {Diamond beetle} (Zo["o]l.), a large South American weevil ({Entimus imperialis}), remarkable for its splendid luster and colors, due to minute brilliant scales. {Diamond bird} (Zo["o]l.), a small Australian bird ({Pardalotus punctatus}, family {Ampelid[ae]}.). It is black, with white spots. {Diamond drill} (Engin.), a rod or tube the end of which is set with black diamonds; -- used for perforating hard substances, esp. for boring in rock. {Diamond finch} (Zo["o]l.), a small Australian sparrow, often kept in a cage. Its sides are black, with conspicuous white spots, and the rump is bright carmine. {Diamond groove} (Iron Working), a groove of V-section in a roll. {Diamond mortar} (Chem.), a small steel mortar used for pulverizing hard substances. {Diamond-point tool}, a cutting tool whose point is diamond-shaped. {Diamond snake} (Zo["o]l.), a harmless snake of Australia ({Morelia spilotes}); the carpet snake. {Glazier's diamond}, a small diamond set in a glazier's tool, for cutting glass. [1913 Webster]

Diamond \Di"a*mond\ (?; 277), a. Resembling a diamond; made of, or abounding in, diamonds; as, a diamond chain; a diamond field. [1913 Webster]

Diamond, IL (village, FIPS 19837) Location: 41.28867 N, 88.25520 W Population (1990): 1077 (414 housing units) Area: 1.4 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Diamond, MO (town, FIPS 19432) Location: 36.99548 N, 94.31507 W Population (1990): 775 (309 housing units) Area: 1.5 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Zip code(s): 64840 Diamond, OH Zip code(s): 44412 Diamond, WV Zip code(s): 25015

Diamond One of five pedagogical languages based on Markov algorithms, used in "Nonpareil, a Machine Level Machine Independent Language for the Study of Semantics", B. Higman, ULICS Intl Report No ICSI 170, U London (1968). (cf. Brilliant, Nonpareil, Pearl[3], Ruby[2]).

Diamond (1.) A precious gem (Heb. yahalom', in allusion to its hardness), otherwise unknown, the sixth, i.e., the third in the second row, in the breastplate of the high priest, with the name of Naphtali engraven on it (Ex. 28:18; 39:11; R.V. marg., "sardonyx.") (2.) A precious stone (Heb. shamir', a sharp point) mentioned in Jer. 17:1. From its hardness it was used for cutting and perforating other minerals. It is rendered "adamant" (q.v.) in Ezek. 3:9, Zech. 7:12. It is the hardest and most valuable of precious stones.

Data Sources:

  • cubic-zirconia: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • diamond: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • diamond: Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (Version 1.9, June 2002)
  • diamond: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • diamond: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • diamond: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • diamond: U.S. Gazetteer (1990)
  • diamond: The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03)
  • diamond: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary

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