Consonant and Vowel

Consonant

In articulatory phonetics, a consonant is a speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract.

consonant adj 1: involving or characterized by harmony [syn: {harmonic}, {harmonical}, {harmonized}, {harmonised}, {in harmony}] 2: in keeping; "salaries agreeable with current trends"; "plans conformable with your wishes"; "expressed views concordant with his background" [syn: {accordant}, {agreeable}, {conformable}, {concordant}] n 1: a speech sound that is not a vowel [ant: {vowel}] 2: a letter of the alphabet standing for a spoken consonant

235 Moby Thesaurus words for "consonant": accented, accordant, according, affirmative, agreeable, agreeing, alike, allophone, alveolar, answerable, apical, apico-alveolar, apico-dental, articulated, articulation, aspiration, assimilated, assimilation, assonant, assonantal, at one, attuned, automatic, back, balanced, barytone, bilabial, blended, blending, broad, cacuminal, central, cerebral, check, checked, chiming, close, coexistent, coexisting, coherent, coincident, coinciding, commensurate, compatible, concordant, concurrent, concurring, conformable, congenial, congruent, congruous, consentaneous, consentient, consistent, consonantal, constant, continuant, continuous, cooperating, cooperative, correspondent, corresponding, dental, diphthong, dissimilated, dissimilation, dorsal, en rapport, epenthetic vowel, equable, equal, equivalent, even, explosive, flat, front, glide, glossal, glottal, glottalization, guttural, hard, harmonic, harmonious, harmonizing, heavy, high, homogeneous, homophonic, immutable, in accord, in agreement, in chorus, in concert, in concord, in rapport, in sync, in synchronization, in tune, in unison, inaccordance, inharmony, intonated, invariable, labial, labialization, labiodental, labiovelar, laryngeal, lateral, lax, level, light, like-minded, lingual, liquid, low, manner of articulation, measured, mechanical, methodic, mid, modification, monodic, monolithic, monophonic, monophthong, monophthongal, morphophoneme, mute, muted, narrow, nasal, nasalized, occlusive, of a piece, of like mind, of one mind, on all fours, open, ordered, orderly, oxytone, palatal, palatalized, parasitic vowel, peak, persistent, pharyngeal, pharyngealization, pharyngealized, phone, phoneme, phonemic, phonetic, phonic, pitch, pitched, plosive, positive, posttonic, proportionate, prothetic vowel, reconcilable, regular, retroflex, robotlike, rounded, segmental phoneme, self-consistent, semivowel, smooth, soft, sonant, sonority, speech sound, stable, steadfast, steady, stop, stopped, stressed, strong, surd, syllabic, syllabic nucleus, syllabic peak, syllable, symbiotic, sympathetic, symphonious, synchronized, synchronous, systematic, tense, thick, throaty, tonal, tonic, transition sound, triphthong, tuned, twangy, unaccented, unanimous, unbroken, unchangeable, unchanged, unchanging, undeviating, undifferentiated, undiversified, uniform, unisonant, unisonous, unrounded, unruffled, unstressed, unvaried, unvarying, velar, vibrant, vocable, vocalic, vocoid, voice, voiced, voiced sound, voiceless, voiceless sound, voicing, vowel, vowellike, weak, wide

Consonant \Con"so*nant\, a. [L. consonans, -antis; p. pr. of consonare to sound at the same time, agree; con- + sonare to sound: cf. F. consonnant. See {Sound} to make a noise.] 1. Having agreement; congruous; consistent; according; -- usually followed by with or to. [1913 Webster] Each one pretends that his opinion . . . is consonant to the words there used. --Bp. Beveridge. [1913 Webster] That where much is given there shall be much required is a thing consonant with natural equity. --Dr. H. More. [1913 Webster] 2. Having like sounds. [1913 Webster] Consonant words and syllables. --Howell. [1913 Webster] 3. (Mus.) harmonizing together; accordant; as, consonant tones, consonant chords. [1913 Webster] 4. Of or pertaining to consonants; made up of, or containing many, consonants. [1913 Webster] No Russian whose dissonant consonant name Almost shatters to fragments the trumpet of fame. --T. Moore. [1913 Webster]

Consonant \Con"so*nant\, n. [L. consonans, -antis.] An articulate sound which in utterance is usually combined and sounded with an open sound called a vowel; a member of the spoken alphabet other than a vowel; also, a letter or character representing such a sound. [1913 Webster] Note: Consonants are divided into various classes, as mutes, spirants, sibilants, nasals, semivowels, etc. All of them are sounds uttered through a closer position of the organs than that of a vowel proper, although the most open of them, as the semivowels and nasals, are capable of being used as if vowels, and forming syllables with other closer consonants, as in the English feeble (-b'l), taken (-k'n). All the consonants excepting the mutes may be indefinitely, prolonged in utterance without the help of a vowel, and even the mutes may be produced with an aspirate instead of a vocal explosion. Vowels and consonants may be regarded as the two poles in the scale of sounds produced by gradual approximation of the organ, of speech from the most open to the closest positions, the vowel being more open, the consonant closer; but there is a territory between them where the sounds produced partake of the qualities of both. [1913 Webster] Note: ``A consonant is the result of audible friction, squeezing, or stopping of the breath in some part of the mouth (or occasionally of the throath.) The main distinction between vowels and consonants is, that while in the former the mouth configuration merely modifies the vocalized breath, which is therefore an essential element of the vowels, in consonants the narrowing or stopping of the oral passage is the foundation of the sound, and the state of the glottis is something secondary.'' --H. Sweet. [1913 Webster]

Vowel

In phonetics, a vowel is a sound in spoken language, such as an English ah! or oh! , pronounced with an open vocal tract so that there is no build-up of air pressure at any point above the glottis.

vowel n 1: a speech sound made with the vocal tract open [syn: {vowel sound}] [ant: {consonant}] 2: a letter of the alphabet standing for a spoken vowel

126 Moby Thesaurus words for "vowel": accented, allophone, alveolar, apical, apico-alveolar, apico-dental, articulated, articulation, aspiration, assimilated, assimilation, back, barytone, bilabial, broad, cacuminal, central, cerebral, check, checked, close, consonant, consonantal, continuant, dental, diphthong, dissimilated, dissimilation, dorsal, epenthetic vowel, explosive, flat, front, glide, glossal, glottal, glottalization, guttural, hard, heavy, high, intonated, labial, labialization, labiodental, labiovelar, laryngeal, lateral, lax, light, lingual, liquid, low, manner of articulation, mid, modification, monophthong, monophthongal, morphophoneme, mute, muted, narrow, nasal, nasalized, occlusive, open, oxytone, palatal, palatalized, parasitic vowel, peak, pharyngeal, pharyngealization, pharyngealized, phone, phoneme, phonemic, phonetic, phonic, pitch, pitched, plosive, posttonic, prothetic vowel, retroflex, rounded, segmental phoneme, semivowel, soft, sonant, sonority, speech sound, stop, stopped, stressed, strong, surd, syllabic, syllabic nucleus, syllabic peak, syllable, tense, thick, throaty, tonal, tonic, transition sound, triphthong, twangy, unaccented, unrounded, unstressed, velar, vocable, vocal, vocalic, vocoid, voice, voiced, voiced sound, voiceless, voiceless sound, voicing, vowellike, weak, wide

Vowel \Vow"el\, n. [F. voyelle, or an OF. form without y, L. vocalis (sc. littera), from vocalis sounding, from vox, vocis, a voice, sound. See {Vocal}.] (Phon.) A vocal, or sometimes a whispered, sound modified by resonance in the oral passage, the peculiar resonance in each case giving to each several vowel its distinctive character or quality as a sound of speech; -- distinguished from a {consonant} in that the latter, whether made with or without vocality, derives its character in every case from some kind of obstructive action by the mouth organs. Also, a letter or character which represents such a sound. See Guide to Pronunciation, [sect][sect] 5, 146-149. [1913 Webster] Note: In the English language, the written vowels are a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes w and y. The spoken vowels are much more numerous. [1913 Webster] {Close vowel}. See under {Close}, a. {Vowel point}. See under {Point}, n. [1913 Webster]

Vowel \Vow"el\, a. Of or pertaining to a vowel; vocal. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • consonant: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • consonant: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • consonant: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • consonant: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • vowel: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • vowel: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • vowel: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • vowel: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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