Consonance and Dissonance

Consonance

In music, a consonance (Latin con-, "with" + sonare, "to sound") is a harmony, chord, or interval considered stable (at rest), as opposed to a dissonance (Latin dis-, "apart" + sonare, "to sound"), which is considered to be unstable (or temporary, transitional).

consonance n 1: the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words [syn: {consonant rhyme}] 2: the property of sounding harmonious [syn: {harmoniousness}]

89 Moby Thesaurus words for "consonance": accord, accordance, affinity, agreement, alliteration, assent, assonance, attune, attunement, blank verse, calm, chime, chiming, chorus, clink, coherence, coincidence, compatibility, concentus, concert, concord, concordance, conformance, conformation, conformity, congeniality, congruence, congruency, congruity, consistency, consonancy, consort, constancy, continuity, cooperation, correspondence, crambo, diapason, double rhyme, equability, equanimity, equilibrium, equivalence, euphony, evenness, eye rhyme, harmonics, harmony, heavy harmony, homogeneity, homophony, intersection, monochord, monody, monolithism, near rhyme, oneness, overlap, parallelism, peace, persistence, rapport, rhyme, rhyme royal, rhyme scheme, rhyming dictionary, self-consistency, single rhyme, slant rhyme, stability, steadfastness, steadiness, symmetry, symphony, sync, synchronism, synchronization, tail rhyme, tally, three-part harmony, timing, tune, uniformity, union, unison, unisonance, unity, unrhymed poetry, unruffledness

Consonance \Con"so*nance\, Consonancy \Con"so*nan*cy\, n. [L. consonantia: cf. F. consonnance.] 1. (Mus.) Accord or agreement of sounds produced simultaneously, as a note with its third, fifth, and eighth. [1913 Webster] 2. Agreement or congruity; harmony; accord; consistency; suitableness. [1913 Webster] The perfect consonancy of our persecuted church to the doctrines of Scripture and antiquity. --Hammond. [1913 Webster] The optic nerve responds to the waves with which it is in consonance. --Tyndall. [1913 Webster] 3. Friendship; concord. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] By the consonancy of our youth. --Shak. Syn: Agreement; accord; consistency; unison; harmony; congruity; suitableness; agreeableness. [1913 Webster]

Dissonance

Dissonance has several meanings, all related to conflict or incongruity:

dissonance n 1: a conflict of people's opinions or actions or characters [syn: {disagreement}, {dissension}] [ant: {agreement}] 2: the auditory experience of sound that lacks musical quality; sound that is a disagreeable auditory experience; "modern music is just noise to me" [syn: {noise}, {racket}] 3: disagreeable sounds [ant: {harmony}]

82 Moby Thesaurus words for "dissonance": antagonism, argumentation, atonalism, atonality, cacophony, clashing, clinker, conflict, contention, contradiction, contrariety, contrast, controversy, departure, deviation, difference, disaccord, disaccordance, disagreement, disconformity, discongruity, discord, discordance, discordancy, discrepancy, discreteness, disharmony, disparity, dissension, dissent, dissidence, dissimilarity, dissonancy, dissonant chord, distinction, distinctness, disunion, disunity, divergence, divergency, diversity, faction, far cry, flatness, heterogeneity, inaccordance, incompatibility, incongruity, inconsistency, inconsonance, inequality, inharmoniousness, inharmony, irreconcilability, jarring, mixture, negation, nonconformity, odds, off note, opposition, oppugnancy, otherness, repugnance, separateness, sharpness, sour note, sourness, stridor, strife, tunelessness, unconformity, unharmoniousness, unlikeness, unmusicality, unorthodoxy, untunefulness, variance, variation, variegation, variety, wolf

Dissonance \Dis"so*nance\, n. [L. dissonantia: cf. F. dissonance.] 1. A mingling of discordant sounds; an inharmonious combination of sounds; discord. [1913 Webster] Filled the air with barbarous dissonance. --Milton. [1913 Webster] 2. Want of agreement; incongruity. --Milton. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • consonance: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • consonance: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • consonance: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • dissonance: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • dissonance: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • dissonance: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

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