Castle and House

Castle

A castle (from Latin castellum) is a type of fortified structure built in Europe and the Middle East during the Middle Ages by nobility.

castle n 1: a large and stately mansion [syn: {palace}] 2: a large building formerly occupied by a ruler and fortified against attack 3: (chess) the piece that can move any number of unoccupied squares in a direction parallel to the sides of the chessboard [syn: {rook}] 4: interchanging the positions of the king and a rook [syn: {castling}] v : move the king two squares toward a rook and in the same move the rook to the square next past the king

50 Moby Thesaurus words for "castle": acropolis, bastion, beachhead, bishop, blockhouse, bridgehead, bunker, chateau, chessman, citadel, court, donjon, fasthold, fastness, fort, fortress, garrison, garrison house, hall, hold, keep, king, knight, man, manor, mansion, martello, martello tower, mote, motte, palace, palais, palatial residence, palazzo, pawn, peel, peel tower, piece, pillbox, post, queen, rath, rook, safehold, strong point, stronghold, tower, tower of strength, villa, ward

Castle \Cas"tle\, n. [AS. castel, fr. L. castellum, dim. of castrum a fortified place, castle.] 1. A fortified residence, especially that of a prince or nobleman; a fortress. [1913 Webster] The house of every one is to him castle and fortress, as well for his defense againts injury and violence, as for his repose. --Coke. [1913 Webster] Our castle's strength Will laugh a siege to scorn. --Shak. [1913 Webster] Note: Originally the medi[ae]val castle was a single strong tower or keep, with a palisaded inclosure around it and inferior buidings, such as stables and the like, and surrounded by a moat; then such a keep or donjon, with courtyards or baileys and accessory buildings of greater elaboration a great hall and a chapel, all surrounded by defensive walls and a moat, with a drawbridge, etc. Afterwards the name was retained by large dwellings that had formerly been fortresses, or by those which replaced ancient fortresses. A Donjon or Keep, an irregular building containing the dwelling of the lord and his family; B C Large round towers ferming part of the donjon and of the exterior; D Square tower, separating the two inner courts and forming part of the donjon; E Chapel, whose apse forms a half-round tower, F, on the exterior walls; G H Round towers on the exterior walls; K Postern gate, reached from outside by a removable fight of steps or inclined plane for hoisting in stores, and leading to a court, L (see small digagram) whose pavement is on a level with the sill of the postern, but below the level of the larger court, with which it communicates by a separately fortified gateway; M Turret, containing spiral stairway to all the stories of the great tower, B, and serving also as a station for signal fire, banner, etc.; N Turret with stairway for tower, C; O Echauguettes; P P P Battlemants consisting of merlons and crenels alternately, the merlons being pierced by loopholes; Q Q Machicolations (those at Q defend the postern K); R Outwork defending the approach, which is a road ascending the hill and passing under all four faces of the castle; S S Wall of the outer bailey. The road of approach enters the bailey at T and passes thence into the castle by the main entrance gateway (which is in the wall between, and defended by the towers, C H) and over two drawbridges and through fortified passages to the inner court. [1913 Webster] 2. Any strong, imposing, and stately mansion. [1913 Webster] 3. A small tower, as on a ship, or an elephant's back. [1913 Webster] 4. A piece, made to represent a castle, used in the game of chess; a rook. [1913 Webster] {Castle in the air}, a visionary project; a baseless scheme; an air castle; -- sometimes called a {castle in Spain} (F. Ch[^a]teau en Espagne). Syn: Fortress; fortification; citadel; stronghold. See {Fortress}. [1913 Webster]

Castle \Cas"tle\, v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Castled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Castling}.] (Chess) To move the castle to the square next to king, and then the king around the castle to the square next beyond it, for the purpose of covering the king. [1913 Webster]

Castle, OK (town, FIPS 12750) Location: 35.47510 N, 96.38379 W Population (1990): 94 (57 housing units) Area: 0.5 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Zip code(s): 74833

Castle a military fortress (1 Chr. 11:7), also probably a kind of tower used by the priests for making known anything discovered at a distance (1 Chr. 6:54). Castles are also mentioned (Gen. 25:16) as a kind of watch-tower, from which shepherds kept watch over their flocks by night. The "castle" into which the chief captain commanded Paul to be brought was the quarters of the Roman soldiers in the fortress of Antonia (so called by Herod after his patron Mark Antony), which was close to the north-west corner of the temple (Acts 21:34), which it commanded.

House

A house is a home, building or structure the primary function of which is to be occupied for habitation by humans or other creatures.

house n 1: a dwelling that serves as living quarters for one or more families; "he has a house on Cape Cod"; "she felt she had to get out of the house" 2: an official assembly having legislative powers; "the legislature has two houses" 3: a building in which something is sheltered or located; "they had a large carriage house" 4: a social unit living together; "he moved his family to Virginia"; "It was a good Christian household"; "I waited until the whole house was asleep"; "the teacher asked how many people made up his home" [syn: {family}, {household}, {home}, {menage}] 5: a building where theatrical performances or motion-picture shows can be presented; "the house was full" [syn: {theater}, {theatre}] 6: members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments; "he worked for a brokerage house" [syn: {firm}, {business firm}] 7: aristocratic family line; "the House of York" 8: the members of a religious community living together 9: the audience gathered together in a theatre or cinema; "the house applauded"; "he counted the house" 10: play in which children take the roles of father or mother or children and pretend to interact like adults; "the children were playing house" 11: (astrology) one of 12 equal areas into which the zodiac is divided [syn: {sign of the zodiac}, {star sign}, {sign}, {mansion}, {planetary house}] 12: the management of a gambling house or casino; "the house gets a percentage of every bet" v 1: contain or cover; "This box houses the gears" 2: provide housing for; "The immigrants were housed in a new development outside the town" [syn: {put up}, {domiciliate}]

366 Moby Thesaurus words for "house": Aktiengesellschaft, Dymaxion house, Elizabethan theater, Globe Theatre, Greek theater, White House, abbey, abode, accommodate, adobe house, affiliation, agency, aktiebolag, amphitheater, ancestry, animal kingdom, apparentation, architecture, arena theater, as a gift, aspect, assembly, astrodiagnosis, astrology, astromancy, atelier, audience, auditorium, auditory, bagnio, barbershop, beauty parlor, beauty shop, bed, beleaguer, bench, berth, beset, besiege, bestow, billet, birth, blockade, blood, bloodline, board, body corporate, bordello, bound, boutique, box in, branch, breed, brood, brothel, building, bunk, business, business establishment, butcher shop, cabaret, cabin, cage, cartel, casa, chain store, chamber, chamber of commerce, children, circle theater, clan, class, cliff dwelling, cloister, close in, club, co-op, combine, commercial enterprise, common ancestry, commorancy, compagnie, company, compass, concern, concert hall, concession, conglomerate, conglomerate corporation, congregation, congress, consanguinity, consolidating company, consortium, construct, construction, consulate, contain, convent, coop, coop in, coop up, cooperative, copartnership, cordon, cordon off, corporate body, corporation, corral, council, countinghouse, country house, country seat, country store, crib, cuddy, dacha, deanery, deckhouse, deme, department store, derivation, descendants, descent, desk, diet, dime store, direct line, discount house, discount store, distaff side, diversified corporation, domicile, domiciliate, dwelling, dwelling house, dynasty, edifice, embassy, emporium, encircle, enclose, encompass, enshrine, enterprise, entertain, erection, establishment, extraction, fabric, facility, family, farm, farmhouse, female line, fence in, filiation, firm, five-and-ten, folk, folks, for nothing, forebears, free, friary, gallery, general store, genethliac astrology, genethliacism, genethliacs, genethlialogy, gens, get, gratis, groundling, hall, harbor, haven, hearth, hedge in, hem in, holding company, home, homefolks, homestead, horoscope, horoscopy, house in, houseboat, household, hut, impound, imprison, incarcerate, include, industry, installation, institution, issue, jail, joint-stock association, joint-stock company, kennel, kind, kindred, lake dwelling, lamasery, leaguer, legislative body, legislature, line, line of descent, lineage, little theater, living machine, lodge, lodgings, loft, magasin, mail-order house, male line, manor house, manse, mansion, market, mart, matriclan, menage, mew, mew up, monastery, mundane astrology, mundane house, music hall, nation, nativity, natural astrology, night spot, nightclub, nunnery, offspring, on the house, opera, opera house, operating company, orchestra, order, organization, outdoor theater, outfit, packaged house, parliament, parlor, parsonage, partnership, patriclan, pen, pen in, penthouse, people, phratry, phyle, phylum, pile, pit, planetary house, plant kingdom, playhouse, plunderbund, pocket, pool, post, prefab, prefabricated house, prefabrication, presidential palace, priorate, priory, public utility, put up, pyramid, quarantine, quarter, quarters, race, rail in, ranch house, rectory, residence, residency, retail store, roof, room, salon, saloon, seed, sept, shelter, shelter cabin, shield, shop, showboat, shrine, shut in, shut up, side, skyscraper, sod house, spear side, species, spectator, spindle side, split-level, sporting house, stable, stargazing, stateroom, stem, stirps, stock, stock company, store, strain, structure, studio, succession, supermarket, superstructure, surround, sweatshop, sword side, syndicate, take in, theater, theater-in-the-round, theatre, theatron, totem, tower, town house, trade association, trading post, tribe, trust, undertaking, utility, variety shop, variety store, vicarage, wall in, warehouse, wareroom, wholesale house, work site, work space, workbench, workhouse, working space, workplace, workroom, workshop, worktable, wrap, yard, yard up, zodiac

House \House\, v. i. 1. To take shelter or lodging; to abide to dwell; to lodge. [1913 Webster] You shall not house with me. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. (Astrol.) To have a position in one of the houses. See {House}, n., 8. ``Where Saturn houses.'' --Dryden. [1913 Webster]

House \House\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Housed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Housing}.] [AS. h?sian.] 1. To take or put into a house; to shelter under a roof; to cover from the inclemencies of the weather; to protect by covering; as, to house one's family in a comfortable home; to house farming utensils; to house cattle. [1913 Webster] At length have housed me in a humble shed. --Young. [1913 Webster] House your choicest carnations, or rather set them under a penthouse. --Evelyn. [1913 Webster] 2. To drive to a shelter. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 3. To admit to residence; to harbor. [1913 Webster] Palladius wished him to house all the Helots. --Sir P. Sidney. [1913 Webster] 4. To deposit and cover, as in the grave. --Sandys. [1913 Webster] 5. (Naut.) To stow in a safe place; to take down and make safe; as, to house the upper spars. [1913 Webster]

House \House\ (hous), n.; pl. {Houses}. [OE. hous, hus, AS. h?s; akin to OS. & OFries. h?s, D. huis, OHG. h?s, G. haus, Icel. h?s, Sw. hus, Dan. huus, Goth. gudh?s, house of God, temple; and prob. to E. hide to conceal. See {Hide}, and cf. {Hoard}, {Husband}, {Hussy}, {Husting}.] 1. A structure intended or used as a habitation or shelter for animals of any kind; but especially, a building or edifice for the habitation of man; a dwelling place, a mansion. [1913 Webster] Houses are built to live in; not to look on. --Bacon. [1913 Webster] Bees with smoke and doves with noisome stench Are from their hives and houses driven away. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. Household affairs; domestic concerns; particularly in the phrase to keep house. See below. [1913 Webster] 3. Those who dwell in the same house; a household. [1913 Webster] One that feared God with all his house. --Acts x. 2. [1913 Webster] 4. A family of ancestors, descendants, and kindred; a race of persons from the same stock; a tribe; especially, a noble family or an illustrious race; as, the house of Austria; the house of Hanover; the house of Israel. [1913 Webster] The last remaining pillar of their house, The one transmitter of their ancient name. --Tennyson. [1913 Webster] 5. One of the estates of a kingdom or other government assembled in parliament or legislature; a body of men united in a legislative capacity; as, the House of Lords; the House of Commons; the House of Representatives; also, a quorum of such a body. See {Congress}, and {Parliament}. [1913 Webster] 6. (Com.) A firm, or commercial establishment. [1913 Webster] 7. A public house; an inn; a hotel. [1913 Webster] 8. (Astrol.) A twelfth part of the heavens, as divided by six circles intersecting at the north and south points of the horizon, used by astrologers in noting the positions of the heavenly bodies, and casting horoscopes or nativities. The houses were regarded as fixed in respect to the horizon, and numbered from the one at the eastern horizon, called the ascendant, first house, or house of life, downward, or in the direction of the earth's revolution, the stars and planets passing through them in the reverse order every twenty-four hours. [1913 Webster] 9. A square on a chessboard, regarded as the proper place of a piece. [1913 Webster] 10. An audience; an assembly of hearers, as at a lecture, a theater, etc.; as, a thin or a full house. [1913 Webster] 11. The body, as the habitation of the soul. [1913 Webster] This mortal house I'll ruin, Do C[ae]sar what he can. --Shak. [1913 Webster] 12. Usage: [With an adj., as narrow, dark, etc.] The grave. ``The narrow house.'' --Bryant. [1913 Webster] Note: House is much used adjectively and as the first element of compounds. The sense is usually obvious; as, house cricket, housemaid, house painter, housework. [1913 Webster] {House ant} (Zo["o]l.), a very small, yellowish brown ant ({Myrmica molesta}), which often infests houses, and sometimes becomes a great pest. {House of bishops} (Prot. Epis. Ch.), one of the two bodies composing a general convertion, the other being House of Clerical and Lay Deputies. {House boat}, a covered boat used as a dwelling. {House of call}, a place, usually a public house, where journeymen connected with a particular trade assemble when out of work, ready for the call of employers. [Eng.] {To bring down the house}. See under {Bring}. {To keep house}, to maintain an independent domestic establishment. {To keep open house}, to entertain friends at all times. Syn: Dwelling; residence; abode. See {Tenement}. [1913 Webster]

House, NM (village, FIPS 33710) Location: 34.64797 N, 103.90328 W Population (1990): 85 (54 housing units) Area: 2.4 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Zip code(s): 88121

House Till their sojourn in Egypt the Hebrews dwelt in tents. They then for the first time inhabited cities (Gen. 47:3; Ex. 12:7; Heb. 11:9). From the earliest times the Assyrians and the Canaanites were builders of cities. The Hebrews after the Conquest took possession of the captured cities, and seem to have followed the methods of building that had been pursued by the Canaanites. Reference is made to the stone (1 Kings 7:9; Isa. 9:10) and marble (1 Chr. 29:2) used in building, and to the internal wood-work of the houses (1 Kings 6:15; 7:2; 10:11, 12; 2 Chr. 3:5; Jer. 22:14). "Ceiled houses" were such as had beams inlaid in the walls to which wainscotting was fastened (Ezra 6:4; Jer. 22:14; Hag. 1:4). "Ivory houses" had the upper parts of the walls adorned with figures in stucco with gold and ivory (1 Kings 22:39; 2 Chr. 3:6; Ps. 45:8). The roofs of the dwelling-houses were flat, and are often alluded to in Scripture (2 Sam. 11:2; Isa. 22:1; Matt. 24:17). Sometimes tents or booths were erected on them (2 Sam. 16:22). They were protected by parapets or low walls (Deut. 22:8). On the house-tops grass sometimes grew (Prov. 19:13; 27:15; Ps. 129:6, 7). They were used, not only as places of recreation in the evening, but also sometimes as sleeping-places at night (1 Sam. 9:25, 26; 2 Sam. 11:2; 16:22; Dan. 4:29; Job 27:18; Prov. 21:9), and as places of devotion (Jer. 32:29; 19:13).

HOUSE, n. A hollow edifice erected for the habitation of man, rat, mouse, beelte, cockroach, fly, mosquito, flea, bacillus and microbe. _House of Correction_, a place of reward for political and personal service, and for the detention of offenders and appropriations. _House of God_, a building with a steeple and a mortgage on it. _House-dog_, a pestilent beast kept on domestic premises to insult persons passing by and appal the hardy visitor. _House-maid_, a youngerly person of the opposing sex employed to be variously disagreeable and ingeniously unclean in the station in which it has pleased God to place her.

Data Sources:

  • castle: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • castle: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • castle: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • castle: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • castle: U.S. Gazetteer (1990)
  • castle: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
  • house: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • house: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • house: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • house: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • house: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • house: U.S. Gazetteer (1990)
  • house: Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
  • house: THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY ((C)1911 Released April 15 1993)

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