Basalt and Granite

Basalt

Basalt (, , , or )

basalt n : the commonest type of solidified lava; a dense dark gray fine-grained igneous rock composed chiefly of calcium-rich plagioclase feldspar and pyroxene

40 Moby Thesaurus words for "basalt": aa, abyssal rock, bedrock, block lava, brash, breccia, conglomerate, crag, druid stone, festooned pahoehoe, gneiss, granite, igneous rock, lava, limestone, living rock, magma, mantlerock, metamorphic rock, monolith, pahoehoe, pillow lava, porphyry, pudding stone, regolith, rock, ropy lava, rubble, rubblestone, sandstone, sarsen, schist, scoria, scree, sedimentary rock, shelly pahoehoe, stone, talus, tufa, tuff

Basalt \Ba*salt"\, n. [L. basaltes (an African word), a dark and hard species of marble found in Ethiopia: cf. F. basalte.] 1. (Geol.) A rock of igneous origin, consisting of augite and triclinic feldspar, with grains of magnetic or titanic iron, and also bottle-green particles of olivine frequently disseminated. [1913 Webster] Note: It is usually of a greenish black color, or of some dull brown shade, or black. It constitutes immense beds in some regions, and also occurs in veins or dikes cutting through other rocks. It has often a prismatic structure as at the Giant's Causeway, in Ireland, where the columns are as regular as if the work of art. It is a very tough and heavy rock, and is one of the best materials for macadamizing roads. [1913 Webster] 2. An imitation, in pottery, of natural basalt; a kind of black porcelain. [1913 Webster]

Basalt, CO (town, FIPS 4935) Location: 39.36673 N, 107.02697 W Population (1990): 1128 (507 housing units) Area: 1.7 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Zip code(s): 81621 Basalt, ID (city, FIPS 5230) Location: 43.31436 N, 112.16515 W Population (1990): 407 (128 housing units) Area: 0.7 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water)

Granite

Granite () is a common widely occurring type of intrusive, felsic, igneous rock which is granular and crystalline in texture.

granite n 1: plutonic igneous rock having visibly crystalline texture; generally composed of feldspar and mica and quartz 2: something having the quality of granite (unyielding firmness); "a man of granite"

53 Moby Thesaurus words for "granite": aa, abyssal rock, adamant, basalt, bedrock, block lava, bone, brash, breccia, brick, cement, concrete, conglomerate, crag, diamond, druid stone, festooned pahoehoe, flint, gneiss, heart of oak, igneous rock, iron, lava, limestone, living rock, magma, mantlerock, marble, metamorphic rock, monolith, nails, oak, pahoehoe, pillow lava, porphyry, pudding stone, regolith, rock, ropy lava, rubble, rubblestone, sandstone, sarsen, schist, scoria, scree, sedimentary rock, shelly pahoehoe, steel, stone, talus, tufa, tuff

Syenite \Sy"e*nite\, n. [L. Syenites (sc. lapis), from Syene, Gr. ?.] (Min.) (a) Orig., a rock composed of quartz, hornblende, and feldspar, anciently quarried at Syene, in Upper Egypt, and now called {granite}. (b) A granular, crystalline, ingeous rock composed of orthoclase and hornblende, the latter often replaced or accompanied by pyroxene or mica. Syenite sometimes contains nephelite (el[ae]olite) or leucite, and is then called {nephelite (el[ae]olite) syenite} or {leucite syenite}. [1913 Webster]

Granite \Gran"ite\ (gr[a^]n"[i^]t), n. [It. granito granite, adj., grainy, p. p. of granire to make grainy, fr. L. granum grain; cf. F. granit. See {Grain}.] (Geol.) A crystalline, granular rock, consisting of quartz, feldspar, and mica, and usually of a whitish, grayish, or flesh-red color. It differs from gneiss in not having the mica in planes, and therefore in being destitute of a schistose structure. [1913 Webster] Note: Varieties containing hornblende are common. See also the {Note} under {Mica}. [1913 Webster] {Gneissoid granite}, granite in which the mica has traces of a regular arrangement. {Graphic granite}, granite consisting of quartz and feldspar without mica, and having the quartz crystals so arranged in the transverse section like oriental characters. {Porphyritic granite}, granite containing feldspar in distinct crystals. {Hornblende granite}, or {Syenitic granite}, granite containing hornblende as well as mica, or, according to some authorities hornblende replacing the mica. {Granite ware}. (a) A kind of stoneware. (b) A Kind of ironware, coated with an enamel resembling granite. [1913 Webster]

Granite, CO Zip code(s): 81228 Granite, MD Zip code(s): 21163 Granite, OK (town, FIPS 30950) Location: 34.96294 N, 99.37830 W Population (1990): 1844 (587 housing units) Area: 3.9 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Zip code(s): 73547 Granite, OR (city, FIPS 30500) Location: 44.81056 N, 118.41941 W Population (1990): 8 (48 housing units) Area: 1.0 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water) Granite, UT (CDP, FIPS 30900) Location: 40.56743 N, 111.80560 W Population (1990): 3300 (903 housing units) Area: 10.0 sq km (land), 0.0 sq km (water)

Data Sources:

  • basalt: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • basalt: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • basalt: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • basalt: U.S. Gazetteer (1990)
  • granite: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • granite: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • granite: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • granite: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • granite: U.S. Gazetteer (1990)

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