Analysis and Synthesis

Analysis

Analysis is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts to gain a better understanding of it.

analysis n 1: an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole 2: the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations [syn: {analytic thinking}] [ant: {synthesis}] 3: a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed 4: the use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father' 5: a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation 6: a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud; "his physician recommended psychoanalysis" [syn: {psychoanalysis}, {depth psychology}] [also: {analyses} (pl)]

240 Moby Thesaurus words for "analysis": Baconian method, Boolean algebra, Euclidean geometry, Fourier analysis, Lagrangian function, a fortiori reasoning, a posteriori reasoning, a priori reasoning, abstraction, accounting, airing, algebra, algebraic geometry, alteration, analytic geometry, anatomization, anatomy, arithmetic, arrangement, assay, associative algebra, atomization, audit, automatic electronic navigation, binary arithmetic, braking, breakdown, breakup, buzz session, calculus, canvassing, cataloging, categorization, change, checkup, circle geometry, circumstantiation, classification, codification, colloquium, comment, commentary, commentation, computation, conference, consideration, coordination, critical review, criticism, critique, debate, debating, decomposition, deduction, deductive reasoning, deliberation, demarcation, depth interview, depth psychology, descriptive geometry, desynonymization, diaeresis, dialectic, dialogue, differencing, differential calculus, differentiation, discrimination, discussion, disequalization, disintegration, disjunction, dissection, distinction, distinguishment, diversification, division, division algebra, doctrinairism, doctrinality, doctrinarity, dream analysis, dream symbolism, editorial, enquiry, epagoge, equivalent algebras, examination, exchange of views, explanation, fact distribution, filing, forecasts, forum, game theory, generalization, geodesy, geometry, gloss, grading, graphic algebra, group analysis, group theory, grouping, higher algebra, higher arithmetic, hyperbolic geometry, hypothesis and verification, indexing, individualization, individuation, induction, inductive reasoning, inference, infinitesimal calculus, inquest, inquirendo, inquiring, inquiring mind, inquiry, inquisition, inspection, integral calculus, interpretation, interpretation of dreams, intuitional geometry, invariant subalgebra, inverse geometry, investigation, itemization, joint discussion, judgement, leader, leading article, line geometry, linear algebra, logical analysis, logical discussion, manipulation, mathematical physics, matrix algebra, mere theory, metageometry, modification, modular arithmetic, n-tuple linear algebra, natural geometry, nilpotent algebra, nonlinear calibrations, notice, number theory, open discussion, open forum, opinion, output measurement, panel discussion, particularization, perlustration, personalization, philosophical induction, pigeonholing, placement, plane trigonometry, political arithmetic, processing, projective geometry, proper subalgebra, psychanalysis, psychoanalysis, psychoanalytic method, psychoanalytic therapy, psychognosis, psychognosy, psychology of depths, quaternian algebra, ranging, ranking, rap, rap session, rating, record keeping, reducible algebra, remark, report, resolution, review, running commentary, scan, scrutiny, segregation, seminar, separation, set theory, severalization, severance, simple algebra, solid geometry, sorting, specialization, specification, speculation, speculative geometry, spherical trigonometry, statistics, steering, stratification, study, subalgebra, subdivision, supersonic flow detection, survey, syllogism, syllogistic reasoning, symposium, synthesis, systems analysis, tabulation, taxonomy, the couch, theoretic, theoretical basis, theoretics, theoria, theoric, theorization, theory, topology, town meeting, treatment, trig, trigonometry, typology, universal algebra, universal geometry, variation, vector algebra, ventilation, view, write-up, zero algebra

Analysis \A*nal"y*sis\, n.; pl. {Analyses}. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to unloose, to dissolve, to resolve into its elements; ? up + ? to loose. See {Loose}.] 1. A resolution of anything, whether an object of the senses or of the intellect, into its constituent or original elements; an examination of the component parts of a subject, each separately, as the words which compose a sentence, the tones of a tune, or the simple propositions which enter into an argument. It is opposed to {synthesis}. [1913 Webster] 2. (Chem.) The separation of a compound substance, by chemical processes, into its constituents, with a view to ascertain either (a) what elements it contains, or (b) how much of each element is present. The former is called {qualitative}, and the latter {quantitative analysis}. [1913 Webster] 3. (Logic) The tracing of things to their source, and the resolving of knowledge into its original principles. [1913 Webster] 4. (Math.) The resolving of problems by reducing the conditions that are in them to equations. [1913 Webster] 5. (a) A syllabus, or table of the principal heads of a discourse, disposed in their natural order. (b) A brief, methodical illustration of the principles of a science. In this sense it is nearly synonymous with synopsis. [1913 Webster] 6. (Nat. Hist.) The process of ascertaining the name of a species, or its place in a system of classification, by means of an analytical table or key. [1913 Webster] {Ultimate}, {Proximate}, {Qualitative}, {Quantitative}, and {Volumetric analysis}. (Chem.) See under {Ultimate}, {Proximate}, {Qualitative}, etc. [1913 Webster]

Mathematics \Math`e*mat"ics\, n. [F. math['e]matiques, pl., L. mathematica, sing., Gr. ? (sc. ?) science. See {Mathematic}, and {-ics}.] That science, or class of sciences, which treats of the exact relations existing between quantities or magnitudes, and of the methods by which, in accordance with these relations, quantities sought are deducible from other quantities known or supposed; the science of spatial and quantitative relations. [1913 Webster] Note: Mathematics embraces three departments, namely: 1. {Arithmetic}. 2. {Geometry}, including {Trigonometry} and {Conic Sections}. 3. {Analysis}, in which letters are used, including {Algebra}, {Analytical Geometry}, and {Calculus}. Each of these divisions is divided into pure or abstract, which considers magnitude or quantity abstractly, without relation to matter; and mixed or applied, which treats of magnitude as subsisting in material bodies, and is consequently interwoven with physical considerations. [1913 Webster]

Synthesis

A sound synthesiser (often abbreviated as "synthesiser" or "synth") is an electronic instrument capable of producing a wide range of sounds.

synthesis n 1: the process of producing a chemical compound (usually by the union of simpler chemical compounds) 2: the combination of ideas into a complex whole [syn: {synthetic thinking}] [ant: {analysis}] 3: reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect) [syn: {deduction}, {deductive reasoning}] [also: {syntheses} (pl)]

104 Moby Thesaurus words for "synthesis": Anschluss, Baconian method, a fortiori reasoning, a posteriori reasoning, a priori reasoning, addition, affiliation, agglomeration, aggregation, agreement, alliance, amalgamation, analysis, assemblage, assembly, assimilation, association, blend, blending, building, buildup, cabal, cartel, centralization, coalescence, coalition, combination, combine, combining, combo, composite, composition, compound, confederacy, confederation, congeries, conglomeration, conjugation, conjunction, consolidation, conspiracy, constitution, construction, deduction, deductive reasoning, ecumenism, embodiment, encompassment, enosis, epagoge, fabrication, fashioning, federalization, federation, formation, fusing, fusion, generalization, getup, hookup, hypothesis and verification, identification, inclusion, incorporation, induction, inductive reasoning, inference, integrating, integration, junction, junta, league, make, makeup, marriage, meld, melding, merge, merger, merging, mixing, mixture, organization, package, package deal, particularization, philosophical induction, piecing together, putting together, setup, shaping, solidification, structure, structuring, syllogism, syllogistic reasoning, syncretism, syndication, syneresis, tie-up, unification, unifying, union, wedding

Synthesis \Syn"the*sis\, n.; pl. {Syntheses}. [L., a mixture, properly, a putting together, Gr. ?, fr. ? to place or put together; sy`n with + ? to place. See {Thesis}.] 1. Composition, or the putting of two or more things together, as in compounding medicines. [1913 Webster] 2. (Chem.) The art or process of making a compound by putting the ingredients together, as contrasted with analysis; thus, water is made by synthesis from hydrogen and oxygen; hence, specifically, the building up of complex compounds by special reactions, whereby their component radicals are so grouped that the resulting substances are identical in every respect with the natural articles when such occur; thus, artificial alcohol, urea, indigo blue, alizarin, etc., are made by synthesis. [1913 Webster] 3. (Logic) The combination of separate elements of thought into a whole, as of simple into complex conceptions, species into genera, individual propositions into systems; -- the opposite of {analysis}. [1913 Webster] Analysis and synthesis, though commonly treated as two different methods, are, if properly understood, only the two necessary parts of the same method. Each is the relative and correlative of the other. --Sir W. Hamilton. [1913 Webster]

synthesis The process of deriving (efficient) programs from (clear) specifications. See also {program transformation}. (1996-08-23)

Data Sources:

  • analysis: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • analysis: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • analysis: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • analysis: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • synthesis: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • synthesis: Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0
  • synthesis: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • synthesis: The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (27 SEP 03)

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