Let's Compare Alcohol and Peroxide

Alcohol

In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which the hydroxyl functional group (–OH) is bound to a saturated carbon atom.

alcohol n 1: a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent; "alcohol (or drink) ruined him" [syn: {alcoholic beverage}, {intoxicant}, {inebriant}] 2: any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation

ethanol \eth"an*ol\ ([e^]th"[a^]n*[add]l), n. (Chem.) The organic compound {C2H5.OH}, the common {alcohol} which is the intoxicating agent in beer, wine, and other fermented and distilled liquors; called also {ethyl alcohol}. It is used pure or denatured as a solvent or in medicines and colognes and cleaning solutions, or mixed in gasoline as a fuel for automobiles, and as a rocket fuel (as in the V-2 rocket). Syn: ethyl alcohol, fermentation alcohol, grain alcohol. [WordNet 1.5]

Alcohol \Al"co*hol\ ([a^]l"k[-o]*h[o^]l), n. [Cf. F. alcool, formerly written alcohol, Sp. alcohol alcohol, antimony, galena, OSp. alcofol; all fr. Ar. al-kohl a powder of antimony or galena, to paint the eyebrows with. The name was afterwards applied, on account of the fineness of this powder, to highly rectified spirits, a signification unknown in Arabia. The Sp. word has both meanings. Cf. {Alquifou}.] 1. An impalpable powder. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. The fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by distillation. [Obs.] --Boyle. [1913 Webster] 3. Pure spirit of wine; pure or highly rectified spirit (called also {ethyl alcohol} or {ethanol}, {CH3.CH2.OH}); the spirituous or intoxicating element of fermented or distilled liquors, or more loosely a liquid containing it in considerable quantity. It is extracted by simple distillation from various vegetable juices and infusions of a saccharine nature, which have undergone vinous fermentation. Note: [The ferementation is usually carried out by addition of brewer's yeast, {Saccharomyces cerevisiae} to an aqueous solution containing carbohydrates.] [1913 Webster +PJC] Note: As used in the U. S. ``Pharmacop[oe]ia,'' alcohol contains 91 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 9 per cent of water; and diluted alcohol (proof spirit) contains 45.5 per cent by weight of ethyl alcohol and 54.5 per cent of water. [1913 Webster] 4. (Organic Chem.) A class of compounds analogous to vinic alcohol in constitution. Chemically speaking, they are hydroxides of certain organic radicals; as, the radical ethyl forms common or {ethyl alcohol} ({C2H5.OH}); methyl forms {methyl alcohol} ({CH3.OH}) or {wood spirit}; amyl forms {amyl alcohol} ({C5H11.OH}) or {fusel oil}, etc. [1913 Webster]

Peroxide

A peroxide is a compound containing an oxygen–oxygen single bond or the peroxide anion, O2−

peroxide n 1: a viscous liquid with strong oxidizing properties; a powerful bleaching agent; also used as a disinfectant and (in strong concentrations) as an oxidant in rocket fuels [syn: {hydrogen peroxide}] 2: an inorganic compound containing the divalent ion -O-O- v : bleach with peroxide; "She must peroxide her hair-it looks unnaturally blond"

Peroxide \Per*ox"ide\, n. (Chem.) An oxide containing more oxygen than some other oxide of the same element. Formerly peroxides were regarded as the highest oxides. Cf. {Per-}, 2. [1913 Webster]

Data Sources:

  • alcohol: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • alcohol: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • alcohol: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44
  • peroxide: WordNet (r) 2.0
  • peroxide: The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.44

Currently unrated



Your Comparisons - Alcohol And Peroxide